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Background Computerized patient diabetes self management education (DMSE) assessment tools have shown promise in office-based diabetes education research.

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Presentation on theme: "Background Computerized patient diabetes self management education (DMSE) assessment tools have shown promise in office-based diabetes education research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Background Computerized patient diabetes self management education (DMSE) assessment tools have shown promise in office-based diabetes education research May help the diabetes educator in busy clinical settings capture key patient self management data in a systematic, brief, and user-friendly manner Frees diabetes educator to spend more time developing rapport with the patient and more structured, in-depth diabetes education and skills training Offers the potential benefit of wide translation to national diabetes education network 15,000 certified diabetes educators and 15,000 diabetes educators in US Accessible to any educator with a web browser http://www.dscpsurvey.com/ Research gap These computerized assessment tools are in an early stage of development Little research on feasibility and acceptability Benefits for diabetes outcomes (e.g., hemoglobin A1c levels) are unclear Current study The Diabetes Self Care Profile (DSCP) is a web-based, computerized DSME assessment tool that has been developed by our group $15,000 to develop Applied within a larger clinical trial evaluating novel patient centered counseling approaches to diabetes education We evaluated the efficacy of the DSCP) to reduce HbA1c in a population of poorly controlled (HbA1c>8%) patients with type 2 diabetes. This tool: Briefly assesses diet, exercise, medication, and physical activity behaviors that impact blood glucose control Identifies one behavior selected by the patient for discussion and associated barriers to self management Documents psychosocial problems that can impede optimal self management Depression, diabetes distress, hypoglycemia, low social support, binge eating, alcohol abuse Attitudes and barriers to commencing insulin therapy if on oral agents Provides visual feedback on HbA1c control (red, yellow, or green thermometer) Methods Results Garry Welch, PhD 1 Sofija Zagarins, PhD 1 Rebecca Feinberg Shayne, MPH 1 Jane Garb, MS 2 Introduction 1 Department of Behavioral Medicine Research and 2 Department of Academic Affairs, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield MA Discussion Effective in terms of HbA1c change when used by Certified Diabetes Educator over a mean of 3.5 intervention sessions Change in three of the psychosocial measures (SCI, PAID, DTSQ) explained 40% of the variation in HbA1c change The observed 1% drop in HbA1c correlates to a 37% reduction in micro-vascular complications based on the findings from the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study Provides a tailored patient summary of key issues and barriers to optimal diabetes self management in a time-efficient (10 minute), easy-to-use format Potentially scaleable patient self management assessment tool Web based tool can be updated or modified easily over time Available to any clinician if a web browser is available. Can be incorporated into EMR or other clinical information system for nurse, educator, case manager based education and pt. tracking Future research should explore wider testing and use of DSCP Study Design and Population Type 2 diabetics with diagnosis >6 months were recruited from the Springfield, MA area Prospective study with two research assessments (R1 baseline and R2 at 6 months) and four diabetes education sessions with a certified diabetes educator (CDE1 – CDE4) DSCP assessment conducted at first of 4 education sessions Research Assessments Hemoglobin A1c tested at Baystate Reference Laboratory Behavioral and psychosocial information collected using published questionnaires having satisfactory reliability and construct validity Self-care inventory (SCI) – Measures diabetes self-care behaviors Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) – Measures diabetes-related emotional distress Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) – Measures major depression Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQ-change version) Patient perceptions of importance and self efficacy attitudes regarding diabetes self-care behaviors (medication, glucose self-monitoring, diet, exercise) A Brief Intervention Using a Web-based Patient Self Management Assessment Tool Improves Blood Glucose Control (HbA1c) R1 + HbA1c R2 + HbA1c CDE1 + DSCP CDE4 2 weeks4 weeks6 weeks3 months1 week CDE3CDE2 Figure 2. Change in HbA1c from R1 to R2 Figure 1. Change in SCI and PAID score from R1 to R2


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