Presentation on theme: "A “Just Right” Government"— Presentation transcript:
1 A “Just Right” Government WANTED:A “Just Right” Government
2 Wanted: A government that… Has enough ________ to do its jobDoesn’t give anyone too ______ powerConsiders the needs of all _________Lets people have a ________Protects individual __________muchsaystatespowerGive students two minutes to use these words to complete the cloze “wanted” note on the notetaking worksheet. When they are finished, ask for the answers by reading each phrase, pausing at the blank, and asking the class for a choral response.rights
3 In 1777, the Americans wrote their first plan for government in a document called the Articles of Confederation
4 The First Attempt: The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation? What’s a confederation??A confederation is a _________ of individuals _______ together for a _________.groupunitedMake sure students understand we’re talking about the first attempt at a new government. Then give students 2-3 minutes to fill in the first cloze paragraph with these words. Check answers by reading the sentences and pausing for choral response.purpose
5 The First Attempt: The Articles of Confederation Each state was _________________ and had its own ________________.Each state would send _______________ to the “Congress of the Confederation.”The Congress was the only ____________ government. There was no ___________.In Congress, each state got _______ vote.independentgovernmentrepresentativescentralMake sure students understand we’re talking about the first attempt at a new government. Then give students 2-3 minutes to fill in the first cloze paragraph with these words. Check answers by reading the sentences and pausing for choral response.Presidentone
6 The First Attempt: The Articles of Confederation Hey, this sounds great!Wait! Not so fast…States get to keep their ______ and ____________No _____________ telling the states what to doCongress had the power to create a _________ to ________all the statesCongress had no way to __________ its _______!Congress had no power to collect _________ to pay for the military!The Articles could only be _________ if ______ the states agreed!powerindependenceenforcelawsgovernmenttaxesmilitaryprotectchangedALL
7 Think About ItUnder the Articles of Confederation, a President would lead the country. True FalseSlides 7 – 13: Click through the slides to quiz students. The class should give a choral response of “true” or “false.”
8 States would be independent under the Articles of Confederation. Think About ItStates would be independent under the Articles of Confederation. True False
9 The Articles of Confederation were easy to change. Think About ItThe Articles of Confederation were easy to change. True False
10 The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress. Think About ItThe more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress. True False
11 Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. Think About ItCongress did not have the power to collect taxes. True False
12 Congress could pass laws and force states to follow them. Think About ItCongress could pass laws and force states to follow them. True False
13 The Articles of Confederation created the first American government. Think About ItThe Articles of Confederation created the first American government. True False
14 Congress is too weak to end the conflicts between our states! There were some good things and some bad things about the Articles of Confederation. In general, people felt like the government wasn’t working!Congress is too weak to end the conflicts between our states!
15 But there was no easy solution… We need a President!Large states should have more say!Down with central government!Small states should have more say!More help for fishermen!Who needs a President?Up with central government!More help for farmers!
16 States Had Different Needs Some states depended on ,fishingwhile others mostly grewcrops
17 States Had Different Sizes Some states had people,manywhile others hadfew
18 People Had Different Opinions Some peoplefeareda central government.Others thought a central government wasnecessaryA central government will have too much power! We’ll lose our freedom!But we’ll never get anything done if no one is in charge!!
19 Everybody thought the central government should have more power. Think About ItEverybody thought the central government should have more power. True FalseSlides 19 – 23: Click through the slides to quiz students. The class should give a choral response of “true” or “false.”
20 Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. Think About ItSome people were afraid states might lose their independence. True False
21 Different states had different needs for government to meet. Think About ItDifferent states had different needs for government to meet. True False
22 The states all got along with each other. Think About ItThe states all got along with each other. True False
23 Think About ItThe government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control among the states. True False
24 Something needed to change, but people didn’t want a central government to have too much power!
25 The states decided to put aside some of their differences and come together to try to solve the problem of forming a new government…
26 Articles of Confederation A New Idea!Articles of ConfederationNew Idea1 BranchLegislative—makes laws3 Branches
27 A New Idea!Legislative:Makes lawsHow many should each state get in the legislature?votesBut Wait!Executive:Carries out lawsJudicial:Interprets laws
28 Think About ItEach state gets to send representatives to the legislature. Which states would have the most power if…The more people a state had, the more representatives it got?Answer: The more people, the more power!
29 Think About ItEach state gets to send representatives to the legislature. Which states would have the most power if…Each state got one vote, no matter how small?Answer: People in the small states would have more power.
30 Battle of the Plans The Virginia Plan The New Jersey Plan Legislative branch has ___ “chambers”Number of votes for each state depends on the state’s ___________________ states would have more power2Legislative branch has ___ “chamber”Each state gets ___ vote________ states would have more power11SmallerpopulationLarger(Virginia was a large state, and New Jersey was a small state. Surprise!)
31 Think About ItIs it more fair for every state to have the same amount of power no matter how few people live there, or should states with more people have more power? All states should have the same power Larger states should have more powerPoll the class. Call on random students to explain their choices.WHY?
32 The Constitution of the United States of America There were a lot of differences to overcome and a lot of compromises to make…but finally…The Constitution of the United States of America
33 The Constitution Solution Legislative:Makes lawsDivide Congress Into Two HousesSenateHouse of RepresentativesEach state gets 2 votes.The more people the state has, the more votes it gets!Executive:Carries out lawsJudicial:Interprets lawsAnd that’s not all…
34 Not only did the Constitution resolve the problem of the legislature, but it solved some other problems as well…
35 Think About ItDid the Articles of Confederation require states to treat other states the same as their own citizens? Yes No
36 The Constitution Solution The Constitution requires each state to treat ________ of other states the ______ as it treats its own citizens.citizenssame
37 Think About ItHow many states had to agree in order for the Articles of Confederation to be changed? All states A majority of states
38 The Constitution Solution The Constitution can be changed if ________________ of the members of Congress and ________________ of the states agree.two-thirds (2/3)three-fourths (3/4)
39 Think About ItDid the Articles of Confederation require states to follow the laws Congress passed? Yes No
40 The Constitution Solution The Constitution says that the laws passed by Congress are _________ to laws passed by the _______.superiorstates
41 The new Americans made compromises and found solutions for their new government. Let’s review the final product of the Constitutional Convention!
42 Under the Constitution Laws are made by the _______ branch.ABSlides 42 – 47: Click through the slides to quiz students. The class should give a choral response of “A” or “B.”executivelegislative
43 Under the Constitution Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state laws.ABsuperiorinferior
44 Under the Constitution Congress has ______.AB1 chamber2 chambers
45 Under the Constitution Each state gets two votes in the __________.ABHouse of RepresentativesSenate
46 Under the Constitution In the House of Representatives, the number of votes each states gets is based on its ________.ABpopulationtaxes
47 Under the Constitution A change to the Constitution must be approved by ___________.ABAll states¾ of states
48 Although they managed to solve the problems created by the Articles, there were still many decisions to be made before everyone accepted the Constitution!