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Just War Theory. A doctrine of military ethics – When is it right to go to war? – How should we act during war? – What are our responsibilities after.

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Presentation on theme: "Just War Theory. A doctrine of military ethics – When is it right to go to war? – How should we act during war? – What are our responsibilities after."— Presentation transcript:

1 Just War Theory

2 A doctrine of military ethics – When is it right to go to war? – How should we act during war? – What are our responsibilities after war? Write your ideas for what you think should be included in any Just War criteria. Come up with a list of things that need to be met in order to justify war.

3 6 th Hour Just War Criteria When is it right to go to war? – Defense of self and/or people who cannot defend themselves – Must be a last resort

4 6 th Hour Just War Criteria How should we act during war? – Don’t harm civilians – No excessive force

5 6 th Hour Just War Criteria What are our responsibilities after war? – All parties involved must pitch in to compensate for damages – Create a treaty to avoid future conflict Losers of the war get to participate in construction of the treaty – Be mature and don’t gloat – Do not leave the losers without a stable government in place – Ensure the losers have a say in the history that is written about the war

6 8 th Hour Just War Criteria When is it right to go to war? – Defense of self or others being oppressed – Must be a last resort

7 8 th Hour Just War Criteria How should we act during war? – Don’t target civilians; work to minimize civilian casualties – Proceed with caution – No nuclear or chemical weapons, or mines – Evacuate civilians prior to combat – By any means necessary: win! – No torture – Educate everyone about the conflict and all involved

8 8 th Hour Just War Criteria What are our responsibilities after war? – All parties contribute to reconstruction via an international organization like the UN – Take care of injured, both physical and mental – Cultural exchange program between those formerly at war – Help civilians recover, but do not help rebuild infrastructure of former enemy – Create a fair treaty – Ensure the payback of debts accrued during war

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10 Classic Just War Theory When is it right to go to war? – Just reason Must have a good reason, like decreasing suffering; not to punish people or take things – Competent authority Only appointed authorities can declare war – Probability of success Must be likely to win – Last resort All other options must be tried first – Proportionality The benefits must outweigh the expected harms

11 Classic Just War Theory How should we act during war? – Distinction War should be directed toward enemy combatants, not toward non-combatants caught in a situation they did not create – Proportionality Attacks must not exceed what is necessary for military advantage – Military necessity Use as little force as you can to win – Fair treatment of prisoners No torture or other mistreatment – No evil tactics No rape, plunder, etc.; no using weapons that cannot be controlled

12 Classic Just War Theory What are our responsibilities after war? – Right intention No revenge Both the victors and the defeated must be accountable for war crimes – Public declaration and authority Peace agreements must be made by legitimate authority – Discrimination Victors must differentiate between political and military leaders, and combatants and civilians – Proportionality Any terms of surrender must not be excessive compared to the rights initially violated

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