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The gospel of John. The gospel of John Open your mind Expect to be challenged Accept some mystery Purpose of this class equivalent with the book.

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Presentation on theme: "The gospel of John. The gospel of John Open your mind Expect to be challenged Accept some mystery Purpose of this class equivalent with the book."— Presentation transcript:

1 The gospel of John

2 The gospel of John Open your mind Expect to be challenged Accept some mystery Purpose of this class equivalent with the book

3 Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught. Purpose of Written Gospels

4 The gospel of JohnIntroduction

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6 Matthew Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Mark Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Luke Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection John Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection

7 Matthew Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Mark Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection Luke Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection John Life of Jesus Apostles Miracles Teachings Conflicts Death Burial Resurrection

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9 Matthew Mark Luke

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11 Unique

12 Audience BookAudienceTheme MatthewJewishJesus as King MarkMixed Jewish and GreekJesus as Servant LukeMixed Jewish and GreekJesus as Man JohnNew Christians and SearchersJesus as God

13 LifeKingdomTotal Matthew Mark Luke John Acts 8816 Paul's Letters Hebrews 235 James 213 Peter 415 John's Letters 130 Jude 202 Revelation Total

14 History and Chronology Teaching &Methods Personal Insight History and Chronology Teaching &Methods Personal Insight

15 Every gospel account uses the Author’s experience Language Event Selection Structure To fulfill the purpose of his writing and the needs of his audience

16 Last Supper by DaVinci (Milan)

17 Author Internal Evidence External Evidence

18 Author Internal Evidence John 19:26 The disciple whom he loved (also John 21 final statements) The writer never refers to “John the Apostle” John the Baptist referred to as John (as if no other by that name is worthy of mention) Same language as I John Palestinian Jewish writer familiar with customs, rites and geography

19 External Evidence Included in Muratorian Canon. Mentioned by numerous 2-4 th century writers Irenaeus (disciple of Polycarp-disciple of John) Stated both its authenticity as well as its authorship and its Ephesus Origns. Alexandria Tertullian No Dissenting voices in Ancient literature All 4 th Century Codex include John and call it John

20 The Unique Gospel Long Stories and Dialogues (Samaritan Woman, Blind Man) Fewer Stories and Events No parables Numerous Unique Characters and Events Interesting Timelines (‘Next Day’ statements) Amazing Miracles (Lazarus)

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22 Purpose John 20: Jesus did many other miraculous signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. 31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

23 That you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God Revelation of Christ That believing you may have life in His Name Experience a Changed Life

24 Our Purpose

25 Date Late 1 st Century Traditions Comparable times of I,II, III John Uniqueness may imply Completions of other Gospels Fits Historically

26 Fragment of John’s Gospel (P52) Dated 125 AD

27 Character and Organization

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29 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God...And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth" (1:14) "The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, 'Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!'" (1:23) "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life" (3:16). "Jesus answered and said to them, 'This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent'“” (6:29) "The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly" (10:10)

30 "And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand" (10:28) "Jesus said to her, 'I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live. And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?'"(11:25-26) "By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another" (13:35) "Jesus said to him, 'I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me'" (14:6) "Jesus said to him, 'Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, "Show us the Father"?'" (14:9).

31 "Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth" (17:17). "So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, 'It is finished!' And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit" (19:30). "Jesus said to him, 'Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed'" ( 20:29).

32 Miracles in John Jn. 2:11Water to Wine in Cana 4:46-54Healing of the Royal Official’s son 5:1-18 Healing of the paralyzed man 6:1-14Fed 5000 (all 4 gospels) 6:15-21Walks on the Water (Mt, Mk and Jn) 9:1-41Healed the blind man 11:1-57Raises Lazarus 21:1-Catch fish

33 Raising of Lazarus by Rembrandt

34 Absences Genealogy Record of Jesus Birth Childhood of Jesus Temptations Transfiguration Appointment of Disciples Parables Ascension Great Commission

35 Shared Triumphal Entry Feeding 5000 Numerous events surrounding the death of Christ

36 “I AM” Statements 6:35 Bread of life 8:12 Light of the World 8:58 “I am” 10:11 Good shepherd 11:25 Resurrection and Life 14:6 The Way, the Truth and Life 15:1 Vine

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40 Author and Authenticity Date of Book Audience for the Book Purpose of the Book Organization of the Book Unique Characteristics of the Book Evaluation of a Book


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