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Modernism. Historical Context World War I– The Great War: Technology of destruction World War I– The Great War: Technology of destruction CommunismStalins.

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Presentation on theme: "Modernism. Historical Context World War I– The Great War: Technology of destruction World War I– The Great War: Technology of destruction CommunismStalins."— Presentation transcript:

1 Modernism

2 Historical Context World War I– The Great War: Technology of destruction World War I– The Great War: Technology of destruction CommunismStalins industrialization of the Soviet Union: 20 million dead CommunismStalins industrialization of the Soviet Union: 20 million dead Social realism in the arts Social realism in the arts Fascism-Nationalism and racism: Hitlers institutionalization of genocide Radio and film used for propaganda Fascism-Nationalism and racism: Hitlers institutionalization of genocide Radio and film used for propaganda

3 Mass Media in the U.S. Documentary arts: Documentary arts: Commercial film Radio programs PostersPhotography

4 Science Einsteins Theory of Relativity Einsteins Theory of Relativity Quantum mechanics Quantum mechanics

5 Picasso Mastered traditional techniques blue period rose period Mastered traditional techniques blue period rose period Abandoned Renaissance tradition: new rules Abandoned Renaissance tradition: new rules Les Demoiselles DAvignon Les Demoiselles DAvignon

6 Influences on Picasso Cézannes Bathers Cézannes Bathers African and Polynesian masks African and Polynesian masks Primitivism Primitivism

7 Cubism Revolutionary departure from representational art. The area around painted objects became part of the abstract geometric forms. Revolutionary departure from representational art. The area around painted objects became part of the abstract geometric forms. Presented the object from many angles simultaneously. Presented the object from many angles simultaneously. Georges Braque Georges Braque

8 Stages of Cubism Analytical phase: browns and grays. Colors should not distract from lines and planes Analytical phase: browns and grays. Colors should not distract from lines and planes Synthetic phase: collage Synthetic phase: collage

9 Abstraction Pure line, shape and color: non-objective Pure line, shape and color: non-objective Sculpture: Boccionis Unique Forms of Continuity in Space Brancusis Bird in Space Sculpture: Boccionis Unique Forms of Continuity in Space Brancusis Bird in Space Painting: Piet Mondrians Broadway Boogie Woogie Painting: Piet Mondrians Broadway Boogie Woogie

10 Anti-Art Dada: rejection of reason and order in art Dada: rejection of reason and order in art Marcel Duchamps ready-mades: L.H.O.O.Q. mobile sculpture, urinal Marcel Duchamps ready-mades: L.H.O.O.Q. mobile sculpture, urinal Later influenced performance art, pop art Later influenced performance art, pop art

11 Expressionism Henri Matisse: fauvism Henri Matisse: fauvism The Blue Window, Issy-les-Moulineaux The Blue Window, Issy-les-Moulineaux German Expressionism: Die Brücke German Expressionism: Die Brücke Emil Noldes Dance Around the Golden Calf Emil Noldes Dance Around the Golden Calf Der Blaue Reiter Der Blaue Reiter Wassily Kandinskys Improvisation 28 (Second Version) Wassily Kandinskys Improvisation 28 (Second Version) Paul Klees All Around the Fish Paul Klees All Around the Fish

12 Freud The Interpretation of Dreams influenced the humanities of the Twentieth Century The Interpretation of Dreams influenced the humanities of the Twentieth Century Psychoanalysis: freeing unconscious desires repressed by parental and societal taboos Psychoanalysis: freeing unconscious desires repressed by parental and societal taboos Georgio de Chiricos The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street Georgio de Chiricos The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street

13 Surrealism André Breton: automatism André Breton: automatism Surrealist painters sought to release the images of the subconscious Surrealist painters sought to release the images of the subconscious Joan Mirós The Birth of the World Joan Mirós The Birth of the World Salvador Dalís The Persistence of Memory Salvador Dalís The Persistence of Memory

14 Modernism in Literature Poets discarded meter and rhyme: vers libre Poets discarded meter and rhyme: vers libre Prose: Virginia Woolfs interior monologues or stream of consciousness reveal the characters inner thoughts. Prose: Virginia Woolfs interior monologues or stream of consciousness reveal the characters inner thoughts. Mrs. Dalloway: A single day Mrs. Dalloway: A single day James Joyces Ulysses: A single day James Joyces Ulysses: A single day

15 Modernist Literature T.S. Eliots The Waste Land T.S. Eliots The Waste Land New hero: ironic, frustrating, disappointing, self-doubting, anxious. New hero: ironic, frustrating, disappointing, self-doubting, anxious. Franz Kafkas The Metamorphosis Franz Kafkas The Metamorphosis Character becomes a giant insect Character becomes a giant insect

16 Music/Stravinsky Le Sacré du Printemps shocked the music world Le Sacré du Printemps shocked the music world Russian folk tradition Russian folk tradition Diaghilev: artistic director Diaghilev: artistic director Nijinsky: dancer-choreographer Nijinsky: dancer-choreographer Stravinskys music introduced multiple meters, or polyrhythm, and multiple simultaneous keys or polytonality Stravinskys music introduced multiple meters, or polyrhythm, and multiple simultaneous keys or polytonality Creates disturbing dissonance Creates disturbing dissonance

17 Music/Schoenberg Rejected the classical tradition of orchestral music Rejected the classical tradition of orchestral music Atonal music: not composed in a key: expressionistic Atonal music: not composed in a key: expressionistic Pierrot Lunaire Pierrot Lunaire Twelve-tone method: not popular with audiences Twelve-tone method: not popular with audiences

18 Modernist Architecture Bauhaus School (German) Walter Gropius: Clean, functional design Bauhaus School (German) Walter Gropius: Clean, functional design Le Corbusier (French) functional glass and metal designs Le Corbusier (French) functional glass and metal designs Art deco: sleek, simple shapes with decorative forms, like the gargoyles of the Chrysler Building Art deco: sleek, simple shapes with decorative forms, like the gargoyles of the Chrysler Building

19 Bertolt Brecht Epic theater Epic theater The Threepenny Opera The Threepenny Opera The disparity between the ruling class in Germany and the working classes The disparity between the ruling class in Germany and the working classes

20 Political Paintings Orozco, Siqueiros and Rivera: murals on public buildings in Mexico Orozco, Siqueiros and Rivera: murals on public buildings in Mexico Riveras The Enslavement of the Indians: criticism of Spains oppression of the indigenous people Riveras The Enslavement of the Indians: criticism of Spains oppression of the indigenous people Kahlos Kahlos The Broken Column Picassos Guernica: decimation of the town of Guernica by German bombs during Spanish Civil War Picassos Guernica: decimation of the town of Guernica by German bombs during Spanish Civil War

21 Cinema D.W. Griffiths The Birth of a Nation D.W. Griffiths The Birth of a Nation Silent film: Charlie Chaplin Silent film: Charlie Chaplin Soviet film: Eisensteins Battleship Potemkin Soviet film: Eisensteins Battleship Potemkin Montage technique: Odessa Steps Montage technique: Odessa Steps Leni Riefenstahls The Triumph of the Will, Nazi propaganda Leni Riefenstahls The Triumph of the Will, Nazi propaganda

22 The U.S.A./ N.Y. Photography: Alfred Stieglitz Photography: Alfred Stieglitz Painter: Georgia OKeeffe Painter: Georgia OKeeffe The Harlem Renaissance: Countee Cullen Langston Hughes Zora Neale Hurston The Harlem Renaissance: Countee Cullen Langston Hughes Zora Neale Hurston

23 U.S.A/Other Artists Edward Hopper Nighthawks Edward Hopper Nighthawks Willa Cather Willa Cather William Faulkner: Absalom, Absalom! William Faulkner: Absalom, Absalom!

24 American Dance Modern Dance: freedom from classical ballet Isadora Duncan Modern Dance: freedom from classical ballet Isadora Duncan Modern Ballet: classical training/freer expression George Ballanchine Martha Graham Modern Ballet: classical training/freer expression George Ballanchine Martha Graham

25 American Music Aaron Coplands Appalachian Spring Aaron Coplands Appalachian Spring Charles Ives Three Pieces in New England Charles Ives Three Pieces in New England

26 Architecture Frank Lloyd Wright: incorporate nature Frank Lloyd Wright: incorporate nature Fallingwater Fallingwater

27 Jazz! Improvised melodies, swing rhythm Improvised melodies, swing rhythm African-American origins African-American origins George Gershwins Porgy and Bess, Rhapsody in Blue: concert music George Gershwins Porgy and Bess, Rhapsody in Blue: concert music Large dance bands Large dance bands Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie Bird Parker, John Coltrane, Miles Davis Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Charlie Bird Parker, John Coltrane, Miles Davis


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