Presentation on theme: "Graduate School Check out undergraduate advising :"— Presentation transcript:
1 Graduate School Check out undergraduate advising : Larry Pruitt: address:Call Ext 0 to set up an appointmentHow to applyHow to apply to graduate school (Hayes & Hayes)Why go into graduate school?BA/BS in psychology is a foundationBroad introduction to psychology as a scienceEntry-level jobs in human services & business/industryAdvanced trainingWhat are the next steps after undergraduate training?Identify your interestsWork opportunitiesGraduate training
2 MANY AREAS OF GRADUATE STUDY: Behavior Analysis/ TherapyBehavioral MedicineBehavioral NeuroscienceBehavioral PharmacologyClinical PsychologyCognitive PsychologyCommunity PsychologyCounseling PsychologyDevelopmental PsychologyEducational PsychologyExperimental PsychologyIndustrial/ Organizational PsychologyMarriage & Family TherapyMental RetardationPsychiatry (Medical School)PsychobiologyRehabilitationSchool PsychologySensation & PerceptionSocial PsychologySocial Work (clinical)Sports PsychologyVisit the APA Divisions website atTake a look at the book Graduate Study in Psychology published by the American Psychological Association.
3 APA AccreditationAn accredited graduate program has been judged as having met minimum standards of quality for education in psychology.The APA only accredits doctoral programs in four specialty areas: clinical, counseling, school psychology, and combined professional-scientific psychology.The APA book Graduate Study in Psychology will tell you if a program is approved or not.It is much more difficult to get into these programs.Masters programs are not accredited by the APA.
4 APA AccreditationA degree from an institute that isn't accredited may not recognized by licensing boards, certifying organizations, or insurance companies.Students from APA-accredited programs are generally more competitive in the marketplace.Internships in clinical and counseling psychology also will be APA approved or not.Usually APA approved internships prefer students from APA approved graduate programs.Jobs in the mental health field sometimes require that a person have an APA approved internship.
5 AccreditationOther professional organizations, such as the Association for Behavior Analysis (ABA) may also accredit graduate programs in Psychology, including masters programs.At graduation undergraduates will have completed the necessary coursework to apply to take the Board Certified Associate Behavior Analyst (BCABA) examStudents will also need to supply additional documentation regarding supervised applied experience and proof of BS degree.
6 What are the graduate degrees? Masters Program (terminal)Usually require 2 years to complete (36 credits or so)Admission standards generally lower than PhD programsPeople with masters degrees usually work in group counseling practices, clinics, program for specific populations (developmental disabilities, drug abusers, battered wives, chronic psychiatric patients, etc.), and employee assistance programs, etc.In many states people with masters degrees CANNOT have their own private practice.You can sometimes get a masters degree and then transfer to a Ph.D program. You might lose credits.
7 Doctoral program (PhD): A PhD is a Doctor of PhilosophyPhD programs encompass many areas - from neuroscience to counseling. As a PhD student, you typically complete your Masters and PhD in the same program.The average length of a doctoral program is 5 to 6 years and require the completion of a thesis, prelim, and dissertation.Weight is placed upon the development of research competencies and expanding the science.Application (clinical work can also be stressed)PhD programs are almost exclusively located in graduate programs of universities.
8 PsyD A PsyD is a Doctor of Psychology. PsyD programs are almost exclusively clinically oriented with little of the research and quantitative training that is characteristic of clinical PhD programsMay be within a psychology department, or within an independent psychology schoolOften PsyD programs are easier to gain admissions to but are more expensive.People with PsyDs typically find themselves working in clinics, private practice and hospitals.With a PsyD you will not be qualified for a professorship at a university.
9 Main requirements of a Ph.D. Course workHow challenging?ResearchMA thesisDoctoral dissertationExamination (Prelims)Applied work (clinical practice)
10 What are schools looking for? Academic/research potentialAnalytical skillsCreativityOrganizational skillsCommunication skills (oral & written)Interest, enthusiasm, commitmentAbility to fit with their learning community
11 Graduate Schools are unique.. For example, some departments:Offer expert training in many areas of psychology & provide breadth of opportunitiesOthers are more niche schools offering depth in a few areas but less breadthAll have some similarities but also important differences. Look for the best fit for you…
12 What is grad school like? Hard workExposure to new and challenging ideasInteresting & varied colleaguesDetailed & honest feedback from expert mentorsProductive community of high achieversCan be competitive & stressfulVery stimulatingYour introduction to a professional career in psychology
13 What is their review process? Who reviews application files?Individual faculty look at applicantsPotential fit to research programFaculty confer with their colleaguesPotential fit to program specialty (e.g., I/O, clinical, etc.)Admissions often made by collective approval of all members of the departmentFit to Department and University standards
14 WHAT IS IN APPLICATIONS TO GRAD SCHOOL? 1. GPAGraduate schools take GPA seriouslyCompetitive programs may look for GPAs at 3.5 or higher.Maintain a good GPA, including retaking courses (particularly courses in psychology that you may have earned a low grade in).Methodology courses (300, 330) are important
15 2. Letters of Recommendation Graduate schools weigh letters very highlyStrong letters of recommendation can compensate for weak GPAs and GREsTalk to the faculty. The better they know you, the more likely they can write a good letter.Only ask for letters from people who will write a positive letter.Usually need 3 letters.Give professors at least 1 month before the deadline to complete the letterFollow up one week before each deadline with a thank-you note (a "friendly" reminder to ensure that your information has been sent).
16 2. Letters of Recommendation Create a table that statesthe name of the schoolwhen the letters are dueif they are suppose to mail the letter to you or to the schoolif the professor is required to use the provided formProvide the each professor with a copy of your vita and your statement of purposeType your name and other required information on each formMake sure you have envelopes with postage for each letter that needs to be mailed separatelyEnclose postcards (with postage) addressed to you in each of the envelopes.
17 2. Letters of Recommendation Provide your letter writer with useful information.What classes you took from them and the grade(s) you earnedyour overall GPAa list of PSY courses you have taken and grades earnedyour minor if you have onethe titles/abstracts of any research papers you have writtenhonor societies to which you belongawards that you have wonactivities in which you have participated (and any offices held)work experience and volunteer workyour professional goals
18 3. Research With FacultyResearch experience will score big points with admission committeesIf you have less than stellar grades and/or GRE scores, make sure your research experience is strongAt UNR, you have the unique opportunity to work closely with professors on research projects. Take advantage of this!Ask professors about research opportunities & teaching assistantships.Find out if there are faculty who will be your advisor on an Independent Research and Study project.In the past students have presented papers at conferences or published articles with the faculty based on such projects. Many graduate programs will be impressed by this!
19 GREsMost graduate schools will require you to take the Graduate Record Exam.The GREs consist of three sections: verbal, math (quantitative), and analytic (which measures abstract thinking).Some schools will also require you to take the “subject" portion of the test (psychology).A new numerical/scoring system will be implemented as of Fall 2007The verbal and the quantitative tests each yield a separate score betweenIt is essential that you do well--at least 550 on each test (600+ is even better)--to get into most doctoral programs.
20 GREsMaster's programs are less competitive, so lower scores ( on each of the tests) are less of a problem.You will probably have trouble being admitted into any program with scores less than 450 on one of the tests.Usually programs will use a cut off. If you don't get above a certain score, they may not even look at your application.Prepare for the GRE!!BooksCourses
21 5. Your Personal Statement Answer: Why did you initially pursue psychology. Address any shortcomings - low GPA, low GRE scoresIf you received poor grades for the first couple semesters/years emphasize the recent work you've doneExplain what you did to remedy the situationIf you have a high GPA for your last two years or for your psychology classes, be sure to mention thisUnless you're applying to a PsyD program the review committee will want to see research, research, researchDescribe your computer experienceInclude something in each statement regarding the faculty that you are interested in working with
22 5. Your Personal Statement Prepare a well thought out letter that articulates your interestsAvoid general statements like "I'm really interested in psychology“, “I’m a people-person”…Keep it professionalTAILOR your letter for each program you apply to.In many ways, you are applying to work in individual labs – know what the faculty members are researching.Keep the letter short - maybe two pages, TYPED.Proof read & fix all typosAsk professors for comments on what you have written.
23 Currriculum vitaAn academic resume – it summarizes your academic and employment history as it pertains to your career in psychologyTopics included:educational historyrelevant courseworkresearch & teaching experiencehonors and awardsmemberships in professional organizations, publications & presentationsClinical experiences, such as practicum experience and volunteer experienceGPA or GRE scoresMake it looks professionalInclude this with your applications
24 Going for a Visit and Interviewing Many programs may also ask you for a pre-admission interview.Here you both get a chance to look each other over.Ask them about their programHow do faculty support students? How many students make it through? What special benefits do students gain (mentoring, research opportunities, publications, presentations, internships, funding, etc.) during their stay? What is the intellectual community like?Talk with current students.They will ask about:Your interests, experiences, influencesYour research interestsYour goals
25 $$ MONEY$$ Many programs may offer you some financial support Some programs will support students with "stipends."Others may offer a "Research Assistantship"For a "Teaching Assistantship" you would help a professor teach a course, or perhaps teach a section yourselfSome universities may waive tuitionFind out as much as you can before you decide to go to a program.
26 TIME-TABLE Freshman and Sophomore years Learn about research projects with faculty in your department.Attend psychology-related seminars and colloquiumsConsider joining Psi ChiJoin professional psychological organizationsFind out what psychology meetings are held in your regionTalk to graduate studentsKeep your grades up: Maintain a grade of "B" or better in all psychology coursesBecome computer literateRead textbooks
27 Junior Year Become involved in research & attend conferences Explore particular requirements of schools that you are interested inPrepare a curriculum vitaInvestigate summer jobs, volunteer work, or educational/research opportunities related to psychology.Find out the research interests of faculty at the schools you would like to attend.Start reviewing for the GRESave money for graduate school application fees, resumes, and transcript costsRead original source material
28 Summer between junior and senior years Prepare for your GREs and the application processSend out requests for applications to those programs you are interested in applying toWork on your vita and statement of purposeSign up to take the GREs.Conduct literature searches (e.g., PsycInfo) on the faculty members at each of the schools you'll be applying toRead research publications/journals
29 Fall semester of your senior year Ask your advisor/faculty members about the graduate programs of interest to youMake your final list of schools you will apply toTake the GRE (Aug/Sept)Sign up for the General GRERequest the GRE scores be sent to all schoolsRequest that transcripts be mailed to all schools - allow ample time.Near the end of the semester, ask professors to write letters of recommendationCheck before Christmas to be certain all materials, especially recommendations, have been sent.
30 Spring semester of your Senior Year: Send your application. Includea vita, transcripts and test scores, and names of those sending recommendations.Deadlines may be in Jan, Feb, or MarchIf possible, visit the schoolsObtain info on fellowships, scholarships, assistantships, loansCheck with all schools before the deadline to make sure your file is complete.Expect first choice offers to be made by April 1Visit institutions that accept you.Notify other colleges that you will not be attending so they may admit students on their waiting list.Send thank-you notes to people who wrote your recommendation letters
31 TIPSStart early!Get involved in research, read & pursue your interests.Do your own research to find the programs & professors that are right for youApply to at least several programs – be selectiveTalk with the UNR faculty & advisors about your interests and consider their suggestionsTry to make contact with potential professors you are interested in working with as a graduate student.Request more information about their research and if they will be taking graduate students in the upcoming year.Attend a professional conference in which they are presenting and introduce yourself
32 Shaping your future Follow your curiosity & interests Discuss your ideas with othersSet short & long-term goals & high standards for yourselfBe realistic & flexibleSeek opportunitiesRead and think criticallyActively engage with learning opportunitiesKnow your own reinforcers and seek environments that offer them.Celebrate your accomplishments.