Presentation on theme: "Social Studies and Science Integration into the Guided Reading Program Department of Curriculum & Accountability Dr. Andre Crafford, Elementary Education."— Presentation transcript:
Social Studies and Science Integration into the Guided Reading Program Department of Curriculum & Accountability Dr. Andre Crafford, Elementary Education Specialist Shelby County Schools
What is it and WHY? The Definition of Curriculum Integration An integration is a philosophy of teaching in which content is drawn from several subject areas to focus on a particular topic or theme, rather than studying math, language, science, or social studies in isolation. The Purpose of Curriculum Integration Integration connects subject areas in ways that reflect the real world. When we set curriculum in the context of human experience, it begins to assume a new relevance. Higher-order thinking skills become a necessity as students begin to grapple with real issues and problems that transcend the boundaries of disciplines. We live in a global world characterized by ever-accelerating change, technological advances, a knowledge explosion, changing economic and social realities, and, perhaps, impending environmental disaster. The educational system seems to be constantly under attack. Critics claim that students are dropping out at an alarming rate. Those who stay in school are not doing well enough to be able to compete in a global economy and maintain a high standard of living.
Educational Theorists Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Students can examine and study academic and social criteria through experimentation and discovery. They can access prior knowledge and experiences to increase their cognitive processes. John Dewey A connection must be established between the student's knowledge and the material to be learned. A child's developmental progress depends on the stimuli which surrounds him or her-it must be that which helps them gain new experience. Must make sure that this knowledge is "experienced" by students instead of merely "learned."
“In the integrative curriculum, the planned learning experiences not only provide the learners with a unified view of commonly held knowledge (by learning the models, systems, and structures of the culture) but also motivate and develop learners' power to perceive new relationships and thus to create new models, systems, and structures.” (Dressel, 1958) Dressel, P. "The Meaning and Significance of Integration." In The Integration of Educational Experiences, 57th Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, edited by Nelson B. Henry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958, 3-25.
Integrated Curriculum Components A combination of subjects An emphasis on projects Sources that go beyond textbooks Relationships among concepts Thematic units as organizing principles Flexible schedules Flexible student groupings
Results of Research Research findings support the positive effects of curriculum integration. Results include: Integrated curriculum helps students apply skills. An integrated knowledge base leads to faster retrieval of information. Multiple perspectives lead to a more integrated knowledge base. Integrated curriculum encourages depth and breadth in learning. Integrated curriculum promotes positive attitudes in students. Integrated curriculum provides for more quality time for curriculum exploration.
Curriculum Diagrams FRAGMENTED CURRICULUM INTEGRATED CURRICULUM Priorities that overlap multiple disciplines Separate and distinct disciplines are examined for common skills & concepts Connections are not made clear for students Encourages students to see connections & Less transfer of Learning interrelationships among disciplines Students are self-motivated
We teach what....? By rule and by law, the elementary grades lay the foundations for: History Geography Economics Government Citizenship Culture Science, Technology, and Society Social Studies Skills
FIRST STEP-SCS Curriculum Guides http://www.scsk12.org/SCS/curriculum_guides/Reading_Street/index.html
MAGAZINES Utilize magazine web links for enrichment activities! Have parents buy a subscription for your class! Use magazines in centers or discussion boxes! Zoobooks $23.95 http://www.zoobooks.com Ranger Rick $19.95 http://www.nwf.org/kidzone/kzPage.cfm?siteId=3 National Geographic Kids $19.95 http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/
Sample TCAP question Diagram from Zoobooks magazine
Technology Have on laptops in center for listening! Brainpop Jr. http://www.brainpopjr.com username: shelbycpassword: shelbyc http://www.brainpopjr.com PowerMedia Plus http://www.powermediaplus.com (TN curriculum correlations—SPIs) http://www.powermediaplus.com
Children’s Literature CHOOSE Fiction or Nonfiction! USE your level readers! CHOOSE from many different reading levels! USE your school library and recommend titles for the collection!
References Dressel, P. "The Meaning and Significance of Integration." In The Integration of Educational Experiences, 57th Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, edited by Nelson B. Henry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958, 3-25. Lake, K. “Integrated Curriculum.” School Improvement Research Series. 2001. Markus, M. "Education 2000 Integrated Curriculum.” Phi Delta Kappan 72/10 (1991): 797.