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Governance, institutional structures and sustainable livelihoods 1.Introduction 2.Current response to institutional problems 3.What are institutions? 4.What.

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Presentation on theme: "Governance, institutional structures and sustainable livelihoods 1.Introduction 2.Current response to institutional problems 3.What are institutions? 4.What."— Presentation transcript:

1 Governance, institutional structures and sustainable livelihoods 1.Introduction 2.Current response to institutional problems 3.What are institutions? 4.What is governance? 5.Focus on relationships 6.Requirements for governance model 7.Related structural issues 8.Links to sustainable livelihoods principles 9.Conclusions Slide 1 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

2 1) Introduction Institutional structures are sometimes seen as ‘fixed’ – a ‘given’, not a variable. We work around them, not with them. Concerns: Accountability Responsiveness Voice / choice Joined-up action is needed Slide 2 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

3 2) Current responses to institutional problems We tend to focus on: oThe agencies rather than the ‘rules’ oCapacity-building rather than institutional reform Common: oProjects oReform or economic management Less common: oInstitutional structures and new governance arrangements Slide 3 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

4 3) What are institutions? They consist of rules and agencies Need to distinguish between: oInstitutional reform oOrganisational development oProcess change Slide 4 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

5 4) What is governance? A political concept Measures that involve setting the rules for the exercise of power, and settling of conflicts over these rules To understand governance we need: oto separate functions, and ofocus on relationships Slide 5 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

6 5) Focus on relationships Participation and negotiation Contract: oImprove accountability oIntroduce measurement oIncrease clarity, but oIncrease costs and some staff resistance Impact assessment concerns: oMeasurement definitions oProjections oCausality and attribution oValuation Slide 6 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

7 6) Requirements for governance model We need to think differently about: a.Funding b.Representation c.Accessing information d.Legal redress Slide 7 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

8 a) Funding Funding must change to reinforce the new functions, structures and systems Institutional effects of centralised mechanisms Separation of funding from planning Community transfers/ vouchers systems Slide 8 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

9 b) Representation Such as: Focus groups Citizen juries Local governance Lobbying and advocacy groups Slide 9 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

10 c) Public access to information Consultative documents and processes Publication of standards User and citizen charters Slide 10 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

11 d) Access to legal redress Especially important when relationships are: Explicit Rule-based Slide 11 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

12 7) Related structural issues Decentralisation oAdministrative oFiscal oPolitical Partnerships oCo-operation oCo-ordination oCollaboration Watch out! Partnerships can fuzz the separation of functions and sour the relationship Slide 12 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

13 8) Link to sustainable livelihood principles See notes Slide 13 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

14 9) Conclusions 6 of the best ! Examine relationships – cleavage Power = voice + choice Need new structures for enablers to understand citizens / users Standards, rules and rights matter Balance in relationships helps The poor can (Do!) govern themselves well Slide 14 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL

15 Review Institutional structures are not a ‘given’ Institutions = rules and agencies Governors manage the rules of power Consider function and relationship Issues to consider changing: oFunding oRepresentation oAccessing information oLegal redress There are links to the sustainable livelihoods principles Conclusions: lots of think about and act on! Slide 15 IFAD SL Workshop Institutions and SL


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