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By DR OSMUND D. ANSA-ASARE, PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST, HEAD, ENVIRONMETAL CHEMISTRY DIVISION CSIR WATER RESEARCH INSTITUTE. 17 th July 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "By DR OSMUND D. ANSA-ASARE, PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST, HEAD, ENVIRONMETAL CHEMISTRY DIVISION CSIR WATER RESEARCH INSTITUTE. 17 th July 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 By DR OSMUND D. ANSA-ASARE, PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST, HEAD, ENVIRONMETAL CHEMISTRY DIVISION CSIR WATER RESEARCH INSTITUTE. 17 th July 2014

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3 CSIR-WRI-ECD – MANDATE FUNCTIONS ECD LABORATORY SPECIALISED EQUIPMENT LABORATORY SERVICES DIVISIONAL PROJECTS PUBLICATIONS CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

4  CSIR Water Research Institute is one of the 13 Institutes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)  It was formed in 1996 from a merger of the erstwhile Institute of Aquatic Biology and Water Resources Research Institute, both of the CSIR.

5  To research into water and related resources to generate and provide information, strategies and services on water quality.  To manage Ghana’s water resources through water quality assessments towards the rational development, utilization and in support of socio-economic advancement.

6 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY & HEALTH GROUNDWATER FISHERY SURFACE WATER COMMERCIALISATION & INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION FINANCE

7 ECD is one of the 5 Technical Divisions of Water Research Institute (WRI) with the following functions: Generation, processing and dissemination of water and wastewater quality information to end users. Undertakes environmental baseline studies. Provision of laboratory analytical services for drinking water producers, industries, fish farmers, hotels, individuals, etc. Monitor pollution in inland, coastal and marine waters and recommend pollution control strategies Environmental Impact Assessments Undertakes analysis in PAHs, Pesticides and PCBs from Cocoa and vegetable growing areas

8  Assist students from Universities and Polytechnics in analyzing their samples for their Project works.  Collaborates with MDAs and other Research Organization in undertaking studies.  The only laboratory that carries out analysis for certification of drinking water quality for sachet and bottled water in Ghana.  Currently, we are about to analyze for POPs in vegetables, fruits ( for non-traditional exports)  Undertakes contract research in the areas of water quality and pollution management.  Finally, undertakes research into the use of pesticides in urban agriculture.

9 Nine (9) Research Officers Nineteen (19) Technical Officers Three (3) Technologists and Sixteen (16) Technical Officers; ECD HAS FOUR MAIN LABORATORIES: a. Potable Laboratory b. Metal Laboratory c. Organic Laboratory d. Waste Water Laboratory

10  ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROPHOTOMETERS (AAS) (THERMO AND VARIAN/AGILENT)  ION CHROMATOGRAPH (DIONEX)  CARBON/SULPHUR ANALYSER  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH (GC)-µECD/FID  GAS CHROMATOGRAPH/MASS SPECTROMETER GC/MS)  UV SPECTROPHOTOMETER  FLAME PHOTOMETER (2)

11 GC-MSGC attached to PC & printer

12 Mineral Oil Analysis

13 UV/Visible Spectrophotometer

14 AASFlame Photometer

15 Ion ChromatographCarbon/Sulfur Analyser

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19 General Water Analysis pHPotassium Orthophosphate ConductivityNutrientsColour TDSCalciumAmmonia TSSMagnesiumTemperature TurbididyChlorideChlorine DONitrate &Nitrite,Oil & Grease BODSulphate & SilicaTotal Phosphorus Total HardnessChlorophyll-aOthers SodiumFluoride

20 Metals (Dissolve &Total) Organic Analysis Bacteriological Analysis: Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pd, Hg, Cr, Ni, Cd, As, Co, B, Sr, Be, Ba, Sn, Sb, Se, Mo, V, Si, Ag, Au, Al. TPH, PAHs, PCBs, Pesticides Total Coliform, Faecal coliform, Total Heterotrophic Bacteria, Staphylococcus spp, Enterococcus spp, Pseudomonas aerogenosa

21 1. Assessment of human health risk associated with informal recycling of e-waste at Agbogbloshie scrap yard - Accra, Ghana. Researchers: Dr. Osmund D. Ansa–Asare (Project Coordinator), Mr. Samuel Obiri (Principal Investigator) Ms. Saada Mohammed (Co – Investigator). Technical staff: Serapis Asiedu Appiah, Daniel Amoah & Michael Dorleku

22 2. Phytoremediation of toxic chemicals from contaminated mine lands in Ghana. Project Team: Dr. Osmund D, Ansa-Asare, Mr. Samuel Obiri, Ms. Saada Mohammed and Mr. Michael Dorleku. 3. Determination of Bisphenol A and other toxic contaminants in bottled water in Ghana. Project Team: Dr. Osmund D. Ansa-Asare, Mr. Samuel Obiri, Ms. Saada Mohammed and Ms. Grace A. Dartey. 4. Pesticides residue analysisi of vegetables from selected markets in Greater Accra Region, Ghana, Project Team: Dr. Osmund D. Ansa-Asare, Ms. Saada Mohammed and Ms. Grace A. Dartey.

23 5. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in irrigated soils and some selected irrigated Vegetables. Researchers: Dr. Osmund D. Ansa–Asare (Project Coordinator) Ms. Saada Mohammed (Principal Investigator) Technical staff: Ms. Grace Dartey, 6. Suitability of the Nima Creek for Urban Agriculture. Project Team: Dr. Isaac O. A. Hodgson, Ms. Saada Mohammed and Mr. Serapis Appiah Asiedu.

24 7. Environmental Quality Monitoring- Assessment of surface, ground, sediment and pond water quality at AngloGold Ashanti Ghana Ltd., Obuasi mine.   START DATE: March, 2014  ESTIMATED DURATION: One year  SPONSORS: AngloGold Ashanti Ghana Ltd.   PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Dr. Kwadwo Ansong Asante  PARTICIPATING SCIENTISTS: Mr. A. Y. Karikari, Mr. Mark Akrong, Dr. O. D. Ansa-Asare

25 9. Industrial Wastewater Studies Project Team: Dr. I.O.A Hodgson Humphrey Darko, A.Y.Karikari, Dr. Ansa-Asare, Daniel Amoah, Martha Agyemang (Mrs.), Esther Sowah (Begun in 2007) 10. Independent Investigation of Drinking Water Quality in Various Districts for the Public Utilities Regulatory Commission (PURC) Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Mark Akrong, Dr. Ansa-Asare., A.Y. Karikari. Murijinatu Abdul-Hamid, Jude Quansah (Begun in 2012)

26  11. Physico-chemical assessment of raw and treated water for the 3-District Water Supply Project in the Dangme East, Dangme West and North Tongu Districts. Project Team: Humphrey Darko  Dr. Ansa-Asare, Dr. I. O. A Hodgson, Dr. K. A. Asante, Dr, J.A. Ampofo ( Director), Murijinatu Abdul-Hamid, Michael Afram, Mohammed Bello  (Begun in 2008)   12. Water Quality Studies of the Weija Dam. Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Dr. Ansa-Asare  Murijinatu Abdul-Hamid  Michael Afram  (Begun in 2012)

27 13. Water Quality Monitoring and Capacity Building Programme : Water Quality Assessment of the Southwestern, Coastal and Volta Rivers Systems Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Dr.Ansa-Asare, Victor Mantey. 14. Assessment of Effluent Quality for Pioneer Food Cannery Limited, Tema Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Dr.Ansa-Asare, Daniel Amoah 15. Assessment of Effluent Quality for GIHOC Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Accra Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Dr.Ansa-Asare, Daniel Amoah and Serapis Asiedu-Appiah

28 16. Potable Water Quality Assessment for Pioneer Food Cannery Limited, Tema Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Dr.Ansa-Asare, Jude Quansah, Michael Afram. 17. Independent Investigation of Drinking Water Quality in various Districts for the Public Utilities Regulatory Commission (PURC) – To be Presentated Project Team: Humphrey Darko, Mark Akrong, Dr. Ansa-Asare, Murijinatu Abdul- Hamid, Jude Quansah, Hawa Ahmed.

29 18. A plan for sustainable cage aquaculture in Lake Volta Team Members: Ruby Asmah (Ghana Principal Investigator),Anthony Y. Karikari, Dr. J. K. Ofori, Dr. Hederick Dankwa, Dr. Osmund Ansa-Asare 19. Climate Change Effects on Volta Lake Resources Team Members: Dr. Ruby Asmah (Coordinator), Dr. Hederick Dankwa, Dr. Emmanuel Obuobie, Ms Deborah Ofori, Mr. Emmanuel T, Mensah-Doku.

30 20. Newmont Apensu Pit Monitoring Project Team: Dr. Ruby Asmah (Project Coordinator), Dr. K Asante, Dr. Felix Akpabey 21. Newmont Golden Ridge Ecological study Project Team: Dr. Ruby Asmah (Project Coordinator), Dr. Kwadwo A. Asante, Mr. Theodore Quarcoopome, Dr. Mike Osei Atweneboana, Dr. Felix Akpabey, Dr. Gloria Addico, Dr. Ebenezer Ansa. 22. Newmont Ecological study (Final report is being reviewed by Client) Project Team: Dr. Ruby Asmah (Project Coordinator), Dr. Hederick Dankwa, Mr. Mark Akrong, Dr. Alex Opoku, Dr. Felix Akpabey, Mr. George Mensah

31 23. Thesis Project: Collins Tay Title: Origin of major dissolved ions in groundwater within the Lower Pra Basin using groundwater geochemistry, major ions relationship and stable isotopes of O 18 and H 2

32 GOVERNMENT AGENCIES  Ministry of Water Resources and Works and Housing (MWRWH)  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)  Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI)  Ministry of Trade and Industries (MoTI)  Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA)  Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development (MoFAD)  Water Resources Commission (WRC)  Government Universities  Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA)

33 COMPANIES/COMMUNITIES/INDIVIDUALS  Private industries  Mining companies  Communities  Private individuals DONORS/FOREIGN ENTITIES  DANIDA  EU  CIDA  OPCW  DFID

34 1. Karikari, A. Y. (2013). Systematic implementation and maintenance of a quality system in environmental laboratories. Basic Res. J. Soil Environ. Sci. Vol. 2 (3): CSIR/WRI/RJP/AYK/2013/3 2. Karikari, A. Y., Akpabey, F. and Abban, E.K. (2013). Assessment of water quality and primary productivity characteristics of Volta Lake in Ghana. Academia Journal of Environmental Sciences 1(5): CSIR/WRI/RJP/AYK/2013/2 3. Karikari, A. Y. and Ampofo, J. A. (2013). Chlorine treatment effectiveness and physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of treated water supplies in distribution networks of Accra-Tema Metropolis, Ghana. Appl Water Sci 3: CSIR/WRI/RJP/AYK/2013/1 4. Amoako, J., Karikari, A. Y. and Ansa-Asare, O. D. (2011). Physico-chemical quality of boreholes in Densu Basin of Ghana. Appl Water Sci. 1: CSIR/WRI/RJP/JA/2011/1

35 5. Asmah R. and Biney C. A. (2014) Distribution of heavy metals in tissues of tuna from Ghana. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. Inyernational Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 1(6) Asmah R., Karikari A. Y., Ofori J. K., Abban E.K. and Awity L.A.K. (2014) Cage Fish Farming in Lake Volta: Practices and Potential Environmental Impacts. Ghana Journal of Science, Vol 54. In press. 7. Asmah, R. (2013). Aquaculture Site Selection and Carrying Capacity Estimates for Inland and Coastal Water bodies in West Africa. In: Ross, L.G., Telfer, T.C., Soto, D. And Aguilar-Manjarrez, J.A. (Eds) Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. Pp FAO, Rome. 8. Asmah R., Muir J.F. and Ross L. G. (2013) Development Potential of fish farming in Ghana. In Meaden, G.J. & Aguilar-Manjarrez, J., eds Advances in Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing for Fisheries and Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No Rome, FAO. 98 pp. Includes a CD-ROM containing the full document (425 pp) 9. Asmah R. and Biney C. A. (2014) Distribution of heavy metals in tissues of tuna from Ghana. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. Inyernational Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 1(6)

36 10. Asmah R., Karikari A. Y., Ofori J. K., Abban E.K. and Awity L.A.K. (2014) Cage Fish Farming in Lake Volta: Practices and Potential Environmental Impacts. Ghana Journal of Science, Vol 54. In press. 11. Tay, C., and Biney, C.A (2012). Levels and Sources of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in selected irrigated urban agricultural soils in Accra, Ghana. Environmental Earth Sciences, Number 6, Vol. 68: Tay, C. (2012). Hydrochemistry of groundwater in the Savelugu- Nanton District, Northern Ghana. Environmental Earth Sciences, Number 7, Vol. 67: Tay, C.K., Kortatsi, B., Hayford, E., and Hodgson I. ( 2013). Origin of Major Dissolved Ions in Groundwater within the Lower Pra Basin Using Groundwater Geochemistry, Source-Rock Deduction and Stable Isotopes of H 2 and O 18. Environmental Earth Science, DOI /S Z. ISSN Itai, T., Otsuka, M., Asante, K. A., Muto, M., Opoku-Ankomah, Y., Ansa-Asare, O. D. and Tanabe, S. (2014)- Variation and distribution of metals and metalloids in soil/ash mixtures from Agbogbloshie e-waste recycling site in Accra, Ghana. Science of the Total Environment, ,

37 15. Gioia, R., Akindele, A. J., Adebusoye, S. A., Asante, K. A., Tanabe, S., Buekens, A. and Sasco, A. (2014)- Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Africa: a review of environmental levels. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21, pp. 16. Asante, K. A., Takahashi, S., Itai, T., Isobe, T., Devanathan, G., Muto, M., Agyakwah, S. K., Adu-Kumi, S., Subramanian, A. and Tanabe, S. (2013)- Occurrence of halogenated contaminants in inland and coastal fish from Ghana: Levels, dietary exposure assessment and human health implications. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 94, pp. 17. Asante, K. A., Agusa, T., Biney, C. A., Agyekum, W. A., Bello, M., Otsuka, M., Itai, T., Takahashi, S. and Tanabe, S. (2012)- Multi-trace element levels and arsenic speciation in urine of e-waste recycling workers from Agbogbloshie, Accra in Ghana. Science of the Total Environment, 424, pp. 18. Asante, K. A., Adu-Kumi, S., Nakahiro, K., Takahashi, S., Isobe, T., Sudaryanto, A., Devanathan, G., Clarke, E., Ansa-Asare, O.D., Dapaah- Siakwan, S. and Tanabe, S. (2011)- Human exposure to PCBs, PBDEs and HBCDs in Ghana: temporal variation, sources of exposure and estimation of daily intakes by infants. Environment International, 37, pp.

38 19. Ansa – Asare, O. D., Darko, H. F. and Obiri, S. (2014): Assessment of Carcinogenic Risk and Non–Carcinogenic Health Hazard from Exposure to Toxicants in Water from the Southwestern Coastal River System in Ghana (Accepted for Publication). Journal of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 20. Hodgson, I. O. A., Obiri, S., Cobbina, S. J. and Quarcoo, G. (2014): Multivariate statistical techniques for assessing the geochemical processes influencing groundwater quality in the Ho Municipality, Ghana. (Accepted for Publication). Journal of Environmental Statistics 21. Obiri, S., Ansa – Asare, O. D., M.ohammed, S., Darko, H. F. and Dartey, A.G. (2014) Human health risk assessment of informal e- waste workers from expose to toxicants in soil and bottom ash deposits from opening of e – waste at Agbogbloshie scrap yard, Ghana. (In Press). Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 22. Mohammed. S., Ansa – Asare, O. D. and Dartey, A. G. (2014): Pesticide residue in vegetables from selected markets in Accra, Ghana. (In Press). Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

39 23. Darko, H.F., Ansa-Asare, O., Paintsil, A., A Number Description of Ghanaian Water Quality—A Case Study of the Southwestern and Coastal Rivers Systems of Ghana. Journal of Environmental Protection, 2013, 4, Ansa-Asare, O.D., Darko, H.F., (2013). Assessment of carcinogenic and non – carcinogenic health risk from exposure to heavy metals via oral ingestion of water from Southernwestern River Systems in Ghana (In press, Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology) 25. Ansa-Asare, O.D. and Gordon, C. (2012) Water Quality Assessment of Densu, Birim and Ayensu Rivers in the Okyeman Area. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 20 (3), Pp CSIR/WRI/RJP/ODA/2012/ Gordon, C., Linstead, C., Moss, B., Ansa-Asare, O.D., Annang, T., Leah, R., Kyeremateng, R. Owusu, E.H. Maltby, E., Bissaw, M. and Ampomah, B. (2012) Tool kits for the Sustainable Management of Ghana’s Riverine Biodiversity: an Overview. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 20 (3) Pp CSIR/WRI/RJP/CG/2012/1.

40 The CSIR-WRI Laboratory undertakes analyses of pesticides, PAHs and Petroleum Hydrocarbons from all Projects on cost recovery basis. Trace Metals can also be analysed in our laboratory. The CSIR-WRI ECD helps in sourcing funds from various agencies in the analysis process. Donor agencies like OPCW, DANIDA, CIDA, DFID and Other Mining Companies. ECD Laboratory trains scientist on their specialized water analysis. The CSIR-WRI is resolved and committed to sustain the inter-laboratory calibration undertaken at both NIVA and IAEA to ensure sustainable quality assurance in our laboratories.

41  Both the Organic & Physico-Chemical Laboratory of CSIR-WRI-ECD would like to be accredited in terms of organic (Pesticides, PAHs, TPH and PCBs) Physico- Chemical analysis – we need funds for that!  National or Regional Laboratory for both Physico- Chemical and Organic Analysis should be put up at CSIR- WRI (We have the space and the land).  Further training will be needed in setting up the calibration curves for pesticides, PAHs and PCBs. Further training on the GC-MS will be needed in order to put the instrument to its maximum use.

42  Training will be needed for all new ECD staff in the laboratory on our QA/QC to ensure continuity and sustainability.  Additional Technical Staff will be needed immediately in the laboratories to help meet the demands.  We would like to recommend a notice board in the reception for the display of our publications.

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