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Presented by: Baiyun Chen, PhD John Raible Debbie L. Kirkley "Copyright Baiyun Chen, Debbie Kirkley, John Raible (2008). This work is the intellectual.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by: Baiyun Chen, PhD John Raible Debbie L. Kirkley "Copyright Baiyun Chen, Debbie Kirkley, John Raible (2008). This work is the intellectual."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by: Baiyun Chen, PhD John Raible Debbie L. Kirkley "Copyright Baiyun Chen, Debbie Kirkley, John Raible (2008). This work is the intellectual property of the author. Permission is granted for this material to be shared for non-commercial, educational purposes, provided that this copyright statement appears on the reproduced materials and notice is given that the copying is by permission ofthe author. To disseminate otherwise or to republish requires written permission from the author."

2 Agenda Introduction Social Constructivism Diffusion of Innovations Implementation at UCF Wiki Research Lessons Learned/Pilot Study

3 University of Central Florida Established, June 1963 One of Florida’s 11 public universities Fall 2007 Enrollment: 48,699 Metropolitan university with 11 regional campuses Located East of Orlando

4 University of Central Florida

5

6 Looking at Web 2.0 for pedagogical implications, we concluded that Web 2.0 embodies constructivism theory. “Knowledge is the result of social interaction and language usage, and thus is a shared, rather than an individual, experience.” (Dolittle, 1999) Theory Practice Social Constructivism

7 Wheeler, Kelly, & Gale(2005) suggest 'transparent technologies' let the user concentrate more on the learning task by 'seeing through' the technology with which they are interacting. The focus of these technologies is the user, especially in the aspects of content generation and usability.

8 Social Constructivism Constructivist learning should engage students in meaningful learning: Active and manipulative Constructive and Reflective Intentional Authentic, Challenging and Real World

9 Diffusion of Innovation Presented by Debbie L. Kirkley

10 Diffusion of Innovation Images created and permission granted by Ted Jalbert

11 -- Process by which an innovation -- is communicated through certain channels -- over time -- among members of a social system. Everett Rogers (1995) Diffusion

12 Diffusion of Innovation Model Knowledge PersuasionDecisionConfirmation Communication Channels AdoptionRejection Adopters Personality characteristics Social characteristics Perceived need for innovation Social System Social system norms Tolerance of deviancy Communication integration Characteristics of Innovations Relative advantage Compatibility Complexity Triability Observability Later Adoption Continued Rejection Continued Adoption Discontinuance Time

13 Diffusion of Innovation Model Knowledge PersuasionDecisionConfirmation Communication Channels AdoptionRejection Adopters Personality characteristics Social characteristics Perceived need for innovation Social System Social system norms Tolerance of deviancy Communication integration Characteristics of Innovations Relative advantage Compatibility Complexity Triability Observability Later Adoption Continued Rejection Continued Adoption Discontinuance Time

14 Diffusion of Innovation Model Knowledge PersuasionDecisionConfirmation Communication Channels AdoptionRejection Adopters Personality characteristics Social characteristics Perceived need for innovation Social System Social system norms Tolerance of deviancy Communication integration Characteristics of Innovations Relative advantage Compatibility Complexity Triability Observability Later Adoption Continued Rejection Continued Adoption Discontinuance Time

15 Diffusion of Innovation Time Diffusion Process Early Adopters Take Off Late Adopters Cumulative Adoption Source: Rogers, 1995

16 Diffusion of Innovation Model Knowledge PersuasionDecisionConfirmation Communication Channels AdoptionRejection Adopters Personality characteristics Social characteristics Perceived need for innovation Social System Social system norms Tolerance of deviancy Communication integration Characteristics of Innovations Relative advantage Compatibility Complexity Triability Observability Later Adoption Continued Rejection Continued Adoption Discontinuance Time

17 Innovators / Leading edge: Experiment frequently with emerging innovations Leaders Adoption Levels of Technology

18 Early adopters: Uses advanced features in generally adopted innovations Adoption Levels of Technology

19 Early Majority / Mainstream: Uses generally adopted innovations proficiently on a regular basis Not prone to experimentation Adoption Levels of Technology

20 Late Majority / Reluctant: Skeptics Try to use generally adopted innovations but have problems using basic features Will use innovations or products only when the majority are using it Adoption Levels of Technology

21 Laggards /Avoiders: Love to hang onto the old ways Critical of new ideas Use technology as little as possible Will accept innovation only if it has become mainstream over a period of time Adoption Levels of Technology

22 Where do you fall on the adoption curve? 1.Innovator 2.Early Adopter 3.Early Majority/ Mainstream user 4.Late Majority 5.Laggard/Avoider

23 Clip from “Reap The Wild Wind” (1942) Diffusion of Innovation

24 Ease of Use Pick-up fruit Low-hanging fruit Top-hanging fruit Implementation

25 Implementation Strategy Initial determination by the Instructional Innovations Incubator group Investigation of current research Development of possible strategies for use in higher education Initial testing (piloting)

26 Refinement of best practices Gathering of data Application on a programmatic level Ongoing evaluation Implementation Strategy cont.

27 Research Question How to implement wiki as an instructional strategy for higher education?

28 Research Method Case studies - multiple cases Political Science Education Health Information Data collection Review wiki assignments Interviews Survey

29 Pilot Group Provided them with Faculty Instructions Setting up group wikis Inviting students to the groups Included face to face training within our faculty development course Provided them with basic Student Instructions How to access and login How to edit and add pages Provided them with model activities Consulted with faculty for their class needs

30 Examples POS Dr. Annabelle Conroy EME Debbie L. Kirkley EME Dr. Judy Lee HSA Dr. Bernardo Ramirez POS Dr. Bob Bledsoe

31 Political Science Human Rights Policy Projects Wikis – Dr. Annabelle Conroy

32 Introduction to Educational Technology Module 4: Hardware Applications for Educators Wikis - Debbie L. Kirkley

33 Educational Media – Information Sources & Services Semester projects EME6807 Assignment - within the wiki Wikis – Dr. Judy Lee

34 Human Services Administration Projects HSA6112 Assignment Wikis – Dr. Bernardo Ramirez

35 Political Science Collaborative workspace for Group Debate Project Group Debate Discussion Wikis – Dr. Robert Bledsoe

36 Lessons Learned

37 Summary from Interviews Advantages of using a wiki Issues of using a wiki Advice for adopting a wiki

38 Advantages Ease of collaboration Ease of use A channel to the outside community Richer contents

39 Future Study Follow-up– Survey research Prior computer competency & wiki knowledge User Experience (rate) Advantages & Issue Demographics Implementation in Summer & Fall 2008

40 Questions? Baiyun Chen PhD John Raible Debbie L.


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