4 Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) Survey of Registered Manufacturing Units Continuing Since 1960Coverage:Sections 2(m)(i) and 2(m)(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948.Bidi and Cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act 1966.OTHER THAN Government UnitsData are collected under The Collection of Statistics Act, 1953/2008Around 2,60,000 units in the Frame
5 ASI"Manufacturing Process“ has been defined [vide section 2(k)] in the Factories Act, 1948 as:"Any process for-(i) making, altering, ornamenting, finishing, packing, oiling, washing, cleaning, breaking up, demolishing or otherwise treating or adapting any article or substance with a view to its use , sale , transport , delivery or disposal; or,(ii) pumping oil, water or sewage ; or,(iii) generating, transforming or transmitting power; or,(iv) composing types for printing by letter press, lithography, photogravure or other similar process or book binding; or,(v) constructing, reconstructing, repairing, refitting, finishing or breaking up ships or vessels.(vi) preserving or storing any article in cold storage"
6 Cont… Geographical Coverage: The ASI extends to the entire country. Reference Period: The reference period (year) for ASI is the financial year (April-March) for all items.Reference period for ASI is the financial year April – March 2012.Survey Period: The actual survey period for ASI is generally September to April every year.Industrial Classification: NIC 2008 developed on the basis of UN ISIC Rev. 4 is being adopted from ASI onwards.Product Classification: NPCMS, 2011 developed based on Sections 0 to 4 of CPC, Ver. 2.0 has been used from ASI onwards.
7 ASIAt present, the Standing Committee on Industrial Statistics (SCIS) is the advisory committee for conducting the Annual Survey of Industries, headed by a renowned academics .Follows major guidelines of IRIS, 2008Follows ISIC and CPC in classification
8 IRIS-2008 and its Implementation Sr.noIRIS-2008Action Taken1ISIC Rev 4 (R. 4c)NIC 20082CPC Ver. 2 (R. 4c)NPCMS 20113Scope of Industrial Statistics (R. 5)As per ISIC, Rev. 4Sect. B: Mining & quarryingSect. C: ManufacturingSect. D: Elect., gas etc.Sect. E: Water supply etc.4Short-term business statistics in the form of indices (R.10)IIP with base[base year under revision]5Unregistered units (R. 11)NSS enterprise survey
9 Sampling Design in ASI List Frame: Chief Inspector of Factories Sampling Design : Stratified Circular SystematicStrata : Census and SampleCensus Sector:a) All industrial units belonging to the six less industriallydeveloped states/ UT’s.,b) Units having 100 or more workers, andc) After excluding the Census Sector units as defined above,d) All units belonging to the strata (State by 4-digit of NIC-2008)having less than or equal to 4 units are also considered asCensus Sector units.
10 Cont…Sample Sector: Remaining units are arranged in order of their number of workers and samples are then drawn circular systematically considering sampling fraction of 18% within each stratum (State X Sector X 4-digit NIC) for all the states with a view to cover max. 60,000 units per year.Residual Frame: After selecting the central sample in the way mentioned above, the remaining units in the sample sector are treated as residual frame for selection of sample units for the States/UTs.
11 Cont… ASI 2011-12 Census (27,058) Central Sample: 61,866 Stratum: State X NIC 4-dResidual Frame: 1,56,572State Sample (37,521)Stratum : District X NIC 3-d
12 Estimation of Sampling Error in ASI ,For the sample sector units only.For all-India, the estimated variances of the estimates will be as follows:For ratio : at all-India,where= estimate of population total X, Y for the characteristics x, y
14 Control of Non-Sampling Error Record based surveyExperienced field investigatorsTraining to the field investigatorsClose monitoring of field workData validation and scrutinization
15 ASI Schedule Structure Part I Structured in 14 blocksPart II Structured in 2 blocks
16 ASI Schedule Structure (Part I) BLOCK A&B : Identification particularsBLOCK C : Fixed AssetBLOCK D : Working CapitalBLOCK E : EmploymentBLOCK F : Other ExpensesBlock G : Other Output/ReceiptsBLOCK H : Indigenous InputBLOCK I : Imported InputBlock J: Products & By-productsBlock K: ICT indicatorsBlock L: Energy conservation measuresBlock M&N: Particulars of field operation & Comments of Scrutinizing Officer.
17 New Initiatives & Future Plan Modern system of Collection of ASI Datae-scheduleASI on pilot basisASI , and complete e-scheduleASI Web-portal (www.csoisw.gov.in)ASI (first time)Frame updationData CollectionData ProcessingData DisseminationPooling of Central and State level ASI dataDistrict (sub-state) level estimatesSelected ASI Results.docxEstimate of structural ratios and technical co.docx
18 Issues Suggestions Concordance in classification In Division 11, Manufacturing of low alcoholic drinks (below 8%) like Breezer may be separated out fromIn Division 13, sub-classification of Khadi industries is required at 5-digit level under 1312, 1313, in NIC 2008.In Division 20, Manufacturing of Caustic Soda, Caustic Potash, main input items of all soap and detergent industries needs a separate sub-class classification.In Division 26, Manufacture of Surveillance equipment should be included in a sub-class under class 2630.Under Division 27, a new upcoming industry with big domestic market Manufacture of Kitchen Chimney may be included in class 2750.Under Division 31: Manufacture of Furniture, another activity Manufacture of decorative and ornamental articles ( non-precious) may be included.Non-availability of separate classification of a major polluting activity like Manufacture of chlor-alkali ( caustic soda, caustic potash).
19 Issues for UNSDNon availability of proper classificatory environmental indicators related activity and product. An indicator can be prefixed with the existing ISIC code.Problem on concordance at ultimate digit to prepare time-series data. Defining ‘P’ is a problem.Mixed ActivityExamples of industries red,orange,green category.docxIssue of Concordance.docxEstimate of RSE for few basic parameters at 2.docx
20 CSO (IS Wing) Publications Annual Survey of Industries- Vol. - I (in e-media from )Annual Survey of Industries – Vol. – II (In CD)National Product Classification for Manufacturing Sector (NPCMS) – 2011National Industrial Classification – 2008The Journal of Industrial Statistics (bi-annual in March and September since 2012)The Time Series data of ASI over last 25 years or more.
21 Data DisseminationASI Data are disseminated both in printed and electronic forms according to the National Data Dissemination Policy of the Govt. of India.The printed publications are available at Sales Counters of Controller of Publication, New Delhi.ASI data, published tables and customised special tables are now available in electronic media on request on chargeable basis.The unit level data and customised tables are available at O/o the Deputy Director General, Computer Centre, Ministry of Statistics. & P. I. , East Block-10, R. K. Puram, New DelhiEnquiries relating to procurement of data can be made at : Telephone : ( Mr. D. R. Dagar, Deputy Director).
22 Top Five Industries in China based on GVA for the year 2007-08 ISIC-Rev 3DescriptionValue Added at Producers' prices(in billion USD)Wages and salaries(in billion USD)No. of employees(in Thousand No.)No. of enterprises(in Number).GFCF271Basic Iron and Steel122.2612.4230447161171.63242Other Chemicals73.7510.5830371795465.10241Basic Chemicals60.096.76221211042105.98272Basic Precious and Non-Ferrous Metal58.725.301487611756.96269Non-metallic Mineral Products n.e.c55.758.8337742125869.09Sources: UNIDO, 2011
23 Top Five Industries in India based on GVA for the year 2007-2008 ISIC-Rev 3DescriptionValue Added at Producers' prices(in billion USD)Wages and salaries(in billion USD)No. of employees(in Thousand No.)No. of enterprises(in Number)GFCF271Basic Iron and Steel20.532.51562.840987.44232Refined Petroleum Products17.340.4876.15241.66242Other Chemicals10.571.99665.482093.12269Non-metallic Mineral Products n.e.c8.681.05613152343.28241Basic Chemicals7.651.02207.629212.19Sources: UNIDO, 2011
24 Value added per employee (in USD) in China and India for the year 2007-2008 Sources: UNIDO, 2011
25 Wage and Salary per employee (in USD) in China and India for the year 2007-2008 Sources: UNIDO, 2011
26 Value added per enterprise (in USD) in China and India for the year 2007-2008 Sources: UNIDO, 2011
30 Business Register The initiatives have already been taken. State DES are involved in preparation of business register.On pilot basis States are updating the 5th EC Directory of Establishments for the preparation of Business Register.On completion of 6th EC, State DES would update the Business Register at District level.
32 Service Sector Non agricultural and non-manufacturing It includes construction, wholesale or retail trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, storage & warehousing, communication, financing, insurance, real estate and business services, community, social and personal services, schools, hospitals, recreation and cultural services, community services such as temples, etc.Government units are excluded.All over IndiaPilot survey was conducted during5th EC data used as frameFull Survey is proposed after 6th EC Frame
34 Objective..To get estimates of various economic and operational characteristics of unorganised enterprises in different sectors viz manufacturing, trade, servicesMainly two types of enterprises were considered- own account enterprises and establishments
35 Genesis..Economic Censuses (EC)- the frame for the follow-up surveys on non-agricultural enterprises including the non-household based units in the service sector
36 Enterprise SurveyThe latest NSS enterprise survey was conducted during its 67th round of operation ( )The enterprises covered in NSS 67th round were divided into three broad industry groups, viz. (i) manufacturing, (ii) trade and (iii) other service sector enterprisesThis is the first time when NSS conducts integrated enterprise survey
37 Sampling Design..Generally stratified multi-stage design had been used by NSS for enterprise surveysThe first stage units (FSU) were the census villages (Panchayat wards in case of Kerala) in the rural sector and Urban Frame Survey (UFS) blocks in the urban sector. The ultimate stage units (USU) were enterprises in both the sectors. In case of large FSUs, one intermediate stage of sampling was the selection of three hamlet- groups (hgs)/ sub-blocks (sbs) from each large rural/ urban FSU
38 Frame.. Census 2001 villages- Area Frame EC-2005 list of enterprises – List FrameUrban Frame Survey Blocks- Area Frame
39 Survey Period, Stratification, Allocation.. The survey period ( round) was of 1 yearThe survey period was divided in to 4 equally spaced sub- roundsA sample of 16,000 FSUs for central sample and 18,248 FSUs for state sample have been allocated at all-India level stratumOut of FSUs for central survey, FSUs were actually surveyed
40 Some facts.. Schedule designed based on SNA concepts NIC 2008 based on ISIC Rev. 4.0 was usedWhile calculating the value addition, ‘taxes on production’ was not used considered as an ‘input’ (operating expenses) , although the same was collectedSimilarly while calculating the value addition, ‘production subsidy/interest subsidy ’ was not used considered as an ‘output’ (receipts) , although the same was collectedInformation on NPISH was collectedInformation on type of agreement of the enterprise with other units were collectedCompensation of workers were collected to arrive at total emolumentsUse of ICT by enterprisesValuation were made by using both production approach and factor income approach
41 Survey Errors.. Non sampling errors are controlled by: Exhaustive training to the enumeratorsExhaustive training to the data processing officialsPre data entry scrutinyScrutiny at the data entry stageOutlier diagnosticsSampling errors are computed and reported through ‘relative standard error’ on some important characteristics of the enterprise