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Values of Rangelands.  Define multiple use  Identify and discuss the benefits and uses of rangeland Objectives.

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Presentation on theme: "Values of Rangelands.  Define multiple use  Identify and discuss the benefits and uses of rangeland Objectives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Values of Rangelands

2  Define multiple use  Identify and discuss the benefits and uses of rangeland Objectives

3 Multiple Use  Because rangelands have many important uses, most rangelands are managed under principles of multiple-use  Several uses or values of rangeland are managed simultaneously with care to avoid overuse or destruction of natural resources.

4           List 5 goods or services rangeland provides? Why are rangelands important? Many goods and services

5 Forage Recreation Livestock Production Open Space Native Plants Water Wildlife Habitat Why are rangelands important? Energy Minerals

6 Rangeland & pastureland in the 19 western states are home to 58% of all beef cattle in the US. Western rangelands also harbor 79% of sheep and 88% of goats in the US. Livestock production on rangeland is very important to supply meat for American and World populations and also for leather, wool, mohair, and other products that livestock yield. Livestock Production

7  Livestock grazing occurs on 65% of Idaho’s total land area and in every county throughout the state  Range livestock production is Idaho’s major agricultural activity in terms of land used and cash receipts Livestock Production

8 Wildlife Habitat  Rangelands provide habitat for countless mammals, birds, amphibians, fishes, and insects.  Of the total number of animal species found in the United States 84% of the mammals, 74% of the birds, 58% of the amphibians and 38% of the fishes are represented in rangeland ecosystems.

9 Range Wildlife Include:  Ruminants such as deer, elk, and moose that have specialized digestive systems to digest the cellulose in the cell walls of rangeland plants  Rodents and Rabbits also have digestive systems that allow them to get energy out of cellulose  Concentrate-selectors are animals such as birds & bears that find an adequate diet on rangeland by carefully selecting berries, seeds, or roots low in cellulose

10 Water  The Western United States has a much drier climate than the Eastern U.S.... water is doubly precious to the 30% of the U.S. population that lives in the West  Most of the water in the streams and river of Idaho fell initially on rangeland or forests. Therefore, proper management of rangeland requires careful attention to the amount & quality of water that flows off rangeland

11 Recreation Rangelands are increasingly important for recreational uses such as: Hiking Hunting Camping Mountain biking Cross-country skiing Snowmobiling Many national parks are located on rangelands

12 Renewable Energy  Sources are becoming increasingly important to society Wind Solar Geothermal Biomass and bioenergy USDI-BLM Photo

13 Minerals and Mining  Some of our most basic natural resources are mined from rangelands Sand, gravel, dirt, and rock are basic materials for construction and building  Coal and oil shale mining provides resources to heat and power our society USDI-BLM Photo

14 Minerals  Wide array of mineral resources Gold in north, central and southern Idaho Silver, lead and zinc in the north Molybdenum and cobalt in central Idaho Phosphate in southeast Idaho UI Special Collections BLM/Idaho

15 Native Plant Products  Eating Wild!  Natural medicines Echinacea St. Johnswort  A variety of wild foods Camas Huckleberries Pinenuts William & Wilma USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

16 Open Space  People in the west value open space  Livestock ranches are becoming “working wilderness” to maintain biodiversity and wildlife habitat quality  Environmentally concerned citizens have paid ranchers to maintain open space through scenic easements K. Launchbaugh

17 Western Heritage  Ranching is important to maintain the “Western Image”  Legacy and heritage for Native America Tribes  “Brand” of the west Expansion Settlement Tough western spirit S. McFarland

18 Who owns rangeland?

19  “Public land” is owned and managed by federal and state governments for the good of the public.  Most significant land management agencies are the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, and the Idaho Department of Lands.

20 Who owns rangeland?  Grazing on private lands is wholly integrated with public grazing lands. Livestock grazing occurs on:  95% of BLM land  58% of U.S. Forest Service lands 88% of all beef cows in Idaho graze at least part of each year on BLM or USFS lands.

21 Forage Recreation Livestock Production Open Space Native Plants Water Wildlife Habitat Why are rangelands important? Energy Minerals


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