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Quality Improvement Processes A Rose By Any Other Name…

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Presentation on theme: "Quality Improvement Processes A Rose By Any Other Name…"— Presentation transcript:

1 Quality Improvement Processes A Rose By Any Other Name…

2 Basic Concept Quality Improvement ProcessesQuality Improvement Processes come in many shapes and sizescome in many shapes and sizes go by many different namesgo by many different names are marketed by many different sourcesare marketed by many different sources With a common goal…With a common goal… To improve and assure the safety, quality, and cost efficiency of health careTo improve and assure the safety, quality, and cost efficiency of health care

3 Today’s Goal Our goal today is to lay the groundwork for future training sessions regarding quality improvementOur goal today is to lay the groundwork for future training sessions regarding quality improvement We will get a taste of numerous methodologies and approached to quality improvementWe will get a taste of numerous methodologies and approached to quality improvement One size does not fit allOne size does not fit all Quality improvement is a journey taken in baby steps – not giant leapsQuality improvement is a journey taken in baby steps – not giant leaps

4 Common Quality Improvement Processes Model for ImprovementModel for Improvement Rapid Cycle Quality ImprovementRapid Cycle Quality Improvement PDSAPDSA Human FactorsHuman Factors Lean MethodologyLean Methodology 5S5S Failure Modes and Effects AnalysisFailure Modes and Effects Analysis Root Cause AnalysisRoot Cause Analysis

5 Exercise Let’s make the perfect peanut butter and jelly sandwich!Let’s make the perfect peanut butter and jelly sandwich!

6 Learning Do we all define the process in the same way?Do we all define the process in the same way? Did we assume steps without spelling them out?Did we assume steps without spelling them out? Did we all address the problem in the same way, or were there variations in our processes?Did we all address the problem in the same way, or were there variations in our processes?

7 Rapid Cycle Process Improvement A process improvement approach to evaluate changeA process improvement approach to evaluate change This model allows for integration of new and existing systems.This model allows for integration of new and existing systems. This model promotes small scale rapid cycle change over short periods of time.This model promotes small scale rapid cycle change over short periods of time.

8 WHAT is the PDSA Cycle? A process improvement approach to evaluate changeA process improvement approach to evaluate change This model allows for integration of new and existing systems.This model allows for integration of new and existing systems. This model promotes small scale rapid cycle change over short periods of time.This model promotes small scale rapid cycle change over short periods of time.

9 The PDSA Cycle for Learning and Improvement

10 Plan - Objective - Questions and predictions (Why?) - Plan to carry out the cycle (who, what, where, when)

11 What Do We Mean by Rapid Cycle Improvement? Let’s PLAN The Perfect Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwich!!!!Let’s PLAN The Perfect Peanut Butter and Jelly Sandwich!!!! What do we want to improve?What do we want to improve? What change should we test?What change should we test? What is our anticipated outcome?What is our anticipated outcome? TheorizeTheorize

12 The PDSA Cycle for Learning and Improvement Do - Carry out the plan - Document problems and unexpected observations - Begin analysis of the data

13 What Do We Mean by Rapid Cycle Improvement? Let’s DO The Perfect PB & J Sandwich!!!Let’s DO The Perfect PB & J Sandwich!!! Put the theory into practicePut the theory into practice Map the new planMap the new plan Carry out the change on a small scale or pilot basisCarry out the change on a small scale or pilot basis Evaluate change with qualitative and quantitative dataEvaluate change with qualitative and quantitative data

14 The PDSA Cycle for Learning and Improvement Study - - Complete the analysis of the data - Compare data to predictions - Summarize what was learned

15 What Do We Mean by Rapid Cycle Improvement? Let’s STUDY The Perfect PB & J Sandwich!!!Let’s STUDY The Perfect PB & J Sandwich!!! Evaluate and determine the degree of success.Evaluate and determine the degree of success. Determine what, if any, modifications are required.Determine what, if any, modifications are required.

16 What Do We Mean by Rapid Cycle Improvement?  Let’s ACT ON The Perfect PB & J Sandwich!!!  Adopt  by testing on a larger scale in a new cycle  Adapt  based on lessons learned from the test  Abandon  By trying something different

17 The PDSA Cycle for Learning and Improvement

18 Repeated Use of the Cycle Hunches Theories Ideas Changes That Result in Improvement AP SD A P S D AP SD D S P A DATA

19 PDSA Allows you to test your theory on a few patientsAllows you to test your theory on a few patients It may take several PDSA cycles and several months to get your process manageable.It may take several PDSA cycles and several months to get your process manageable. That’s OK!That’s OK!

20 Use the PDSA Cycle for: 1.Testing or adapting a change 2.Implementing an improvement 3. Spreading the improvements to the rest of your organization

21 PDSA Cycles Must Be: ActiveActive Quickly plan and make process changesQuickly plan and make process changes IterativeIterative Cycle after cycleCycle after cycle LearningLearning Take time to study effects of your actionsTake time to study effects of your actions

22 Human Factors Human Factors is about how features of our tools, tasks, and work environments continually influence what we do and how we do it.

23 In Other Words… Human Factors is about how the design of things impacts how well we do any task.Human Factors is about how the design of things impacts how well we do any task. Design of our workplaceDesign of our workplace Design of the tools we useDesign of the tools we use Design of processes (how we do things around here)Design of processes (how we do things around here)

24 Is This the Same Old Thing? No!No! Human Factors is complementary to what you are already doing to improve health careHuman Factors is complementary to what you are already doing to improve health care Human Factors will make your improvement efforts more efficient and effectiveHuman Factors will make your improvement efforts more efficient and effective There is a Human Factors concept behind every successful improvement effortThere is a Human Factors concept behind every successful improvement effort

25 Each line represents the RN’s movement from one location to another. For example, RN moves between patients 14A and 14B twice. Talk About Human Factors!!!

26 Human Factors and the Model for Improvement Plan StudyDo Act What are we trying to accomplish? How do we know that a change is an improvement? What changes can we make that result in an improvement? Human factors can help answer this question!

27 Lean Methodology It’s all about:It’s all about: Waste and ValueWaste and Value Always challenging processes toAlways challenging processes to Produce better outcomes for customersProduce better outcomes for customers Create more value with less wasted time, effort, and resourcesCreate more value with less wasted time, effort, and resources Speed delivery while reducing costSpeed delivery while reducing cost Lay less burden on the people doing the work.Lay less burden on the people doing the work.

28 5S 5S is a philosophy and a way of organizing and managing the workspace.5S is a philosophy and a way of organizing and managing the workspace. The key impacts of 5S is upon workplace morale and efficiency.The key impacts of 5S is upon workplace morale and efficiency. By ensuring everything has a place and everything is in its place then time is not wasted looking for things and it can be made immediately obvious when something is missing.By ensuring everything has a place and everything is in its place then time is not wasted looking for things and it can be made immediately obvious when something is missing. The real power of this methodology is in deciding what should be kept and where and how it should be storedThe real power of this methodology is in deciding what should be kept and where and how it should be stored

29 5S Seiri Seiton Seiso Seiketsu Shitsuke Sort Set In Order ShineStandards Sustain Based on Japanese words that begin with ‘S’, the 5S Philosophy focuses on effective work place organization and standardized work procedures. 5S simplifies your work environment, reduces waste and non-value activity while improving quality efficiency and safety.

30 Failure Mode Analysis Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a systematic, proactive method for evaluating a process to identify where and how it might fail, and to assess the relative impact of different failures in order to identify the parts of the process that are most in need of change.

31 Failure Mode Analysis FMEA includes review of the following: Steps in the process Failure modes (What could go wrong?)Failure modes (What could go wrong?) Failure causes (Why would the failure happen?)Failure causes (Why would the failure happen?) Failure effects (What would be the consequences of each failure?)Failure effects (What would be the consequences of each failure?) Continued

32 Root Cause Analysis A way of looking at unexpected events and outcomes to determine all of the underlying causes of the event and recommend changes that are likely to improve them. A way of looking at unexpected events and outcomes to determine all of the underlying causes of the event and recommend changes that are likely to improve them.

33 RCA Tools The 5 Whys?The 5 Whys? AppreciationAppreciation Drill DownsDrill Downs Cause and Effect Diagrams (Fishbone Diagrams)Cause and Effect Diagrams (Fishbone Diagrams)

34 Success “There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work, and learning from failure.” General Colin L. Powell

35 Quality Improvement is a Process, not an Event Anonymous


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