Presentation on theme: "Helping Groups to Work Effectively"— Presentation transcript:
1 Helping Groups to Work Effectively Group Dynamics:Helping Groups to Work EffectivelyCourtesy of Deborah Allen and Betsy Lieux
2 Session ObjectiveTo explore and discuss strategies an instructor can use to maintain functional groups in the classroomFunctional groups are ones in whichmembers work effectively to enhancetheir own and each other’s learning
3 WHY USE GROUPS? Committed to it based on research and observation Simulates the “real world” - use of teamsLearn better when actively involvedPeer instruction, teaching each otherLearn more fully and with less effortLearn in contextJohnson, Johnson and Smith. ERIC ASHEHigher Education Report No. 4
4 The Top Five Ways to Wreck a Group List 5 behaviors or actions thatcan undermine good groupFunction.Report out in 5 minutes.
8 Questions to Consider What if anything is wrong with this group? What could be done to help this group work better?Could this situation have been prevented?
9 Videotape Credits Authors: “I Want To Be in My Professor’s Group” – Jessica Horvath“Dawn’s Eight O’Clock” – Harold WhiteDirector: Nancy KingProducers: Deborah Allen & Harold WhiteStudent Actors: Melissa Reddish, John Dueber,Michelle Lyons, Eric Moskal, Crystal Mack,Amanda Simons
10 Suggestions for Using Groups Set the stage early.Select heterogeneous groups.Use permanent groups of about 4-6.Rotate roles of responsibility.Construct group-selected ground rules.Use periodic peer evaluation.
11 Using Groups in Larger Classes Strategies that can work:Well-defined activitiesBring the class together for discussion and/or clarification at about15 min. intervalsGroup productsLook for signs of behaviors that undermine group functionUse undergraduate (peer) group facilitators
12 nce upon a time...A team of students had four members called Everybody, Somebody, Anybody, and Nobody. There was an important job to be done. Everybody was sure that Somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it. Somebody got angry about that because it was Everybody’s job. Everybody thought Anybody could do it but Nobody realized that Everybody wouldn’t do it. It ended up that Everybody blamed Somebody when Nobody did what Anybody could have done.- Graham Gibbs, “Learning in Teams”
13 Exploration of PBL Course Syllabus Functional groups are ones in whichmembers work effectively to enhancetheir own and each other’s learning