2MONARCHY * A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress. * The ruling position can be passed on to the ruler’s heirs (passed down to their children).* In some traditional monarchies, the monarch has absolute power.* A constitutional monarchy, like the UK and Australia, also have a democratic government that limits the monarch's control
3DEMOCRACY * In a democracy, the government is elected by the people. * Everyone who is eligible to vote has a chance to have their say over who runs the country.* A democracy is determined either directly or through elected representatives.
4ARISTOCRACY * A form of government in which a few elite citizens rule. * In earlier times it was usually rich land owners that ruled, however in more modern times the rulers are usually from the highest social class.* Power to rule is inherited or passed down from parents to their children.
5OLIGARCHY* A few people or a small group, generally those who are richer and more powerful than the others rule the country.* Women or the wives of the men rulers often tell their husbands what shouldhappen.* Sometimes they may beelected by the citizens, orthey are born into their position,or they have a certain amountof money or land in order to bein the ruling group.
6DICTATORSHIP*This is a country ruled by a single leader. Often a strong individual who seizes power and rules alone.*The leader has not been elected and may useforce to keep control.* In a military dictatorship, the army is in control.
7ANARCHY * A situation where there is no government. * This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.ANARCHY
8REPUBLIC * A republic is a country that has no monarch. * Citizens elect who they want to represent them.* The head of the country isusually an elected president.