Presentation on theme: "Thinking through the green economy at the local level Megan Euston-Brown City Energy Support Unit, Sustainable Energy Africa."— Presentation transcript:
Thinking through the green economy at the local level Megan Euston-Brown City Energy Support Unit, Sustainable Energy Africa
Service delivery on a sustainable (financial and environmental) basis Platform for wealth and resource transfer Become a driver of LED = GREEN ECONOMY Economic growth on a viable ecological base and social footing grow by decreasing resource consumption DEVELOPMENTAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT
In response to: Deepening unemployment, poverty and inequality Finite resources: water, energy, land Climate change and other resource degrading pollution GREEN ECONOMY
LOCAL GOVERNMENT PICTURE KZN: population 10,4 million eThekwini municipality: population 4.5 million (approx 40%); with Pietermartizburg, close on 50% population eThekwini carbon footprint around 7.7 tons/capita Remainder – smaller, rural local authorities,carbon footprint around 1 ton/capita Cities are strategically important (settings for the kind of changes envisaged and conditions – knowledge networks – for innovation), Rural areas are developmentally and politically important
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CHALLENGES Ongoing struggle to meet service backlogs Existing infrastructure inadequate to meet growing demand Power interruptions, electrification of households slowing down Urban infrastructure degrading – emphasis been on capital expenditure and not on operations and maintenance Poor quality housing delivered by contractors Growing informality – eThekwini 1,4million of 4,5 million (500 informal areas) Experiencing costs of finite resources – scarcity of water, rising energy costs Impact of pollution on water (COJ acid drainage)
Peak oil implications Peak Oil can result in significantly increased overall energy system costs to the city, which would be devastating to the economy.
City service delivery planning and budgeting will need to consider the fact that the informal, largely unelectrified household sector is currently growing fast, and will place increasing demands on the Citys ability to provide services and will contribute little to revenue.
LG GREEN ECONOMY MANDATES AND DEVELOPMENT PLANNING HORIZONS
SECTORAL STRATEGIES FOR GREENING MUNICIPALITIES TRANSIT ENERGY BUILDINGS SPATIAL PLAN WASTE WATER FOOD
A HIGH RENEWABLE ENERGY FUTURE RESULTS IN A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN JOBS CREATED Job creation (long-term)` Business as Usual Optimum Energy Future Municipal Waste0123,231 Solar Thermal Elec023,078 Wind280,397844,967 New Nuclear3201,667 New Fossil Base00 New mid and peak4,8583,873 Existing Hydro4,8914,451 Existing mid and peak Existing Base00 Existing Nuclear Total jobs from generation291,4181,001,981 SWHs 799,828 Energy Efficiency 11,329 TOTAL ALL291,4181,813,138 SOLAR WATER HEATERS: A solar water heater mass rollout programme to reach 50% of the Citys houses (approx 0.5 million systems) would create 10,200 job-years over the next 10 years and be economically beneficial to the citizens and the economy.
Urban sprawl… More denseLess dense
The need to Densify the City Densification of the city is expected to result in significant reductions in expenditure to service the population with adequate public transport. (and also other service infrastructure – storm water, water, electricity) ZAR 10 billion saved ZAR 40 billion saved
POVERTY AND INEQUALITY Improve access to electricity and energy (similarly water and sanitation) services – electrify informal; select long term cheapest energy source; lower costs through SWH and EE, appropriate interventions, new approaches Reduce energy consumption needs of household through EE (built env and appliances) Mobility: improve through investment in mass transit modes and spatial planning than in builds JOBs in SWH/EE implementation, fixing of leaks, local infrastruture development – storm water drainage, bridge building, local agricultural developments
CHALLENGES TO LOCAL GREEN ECONOMY APPROACHES CAPACITY Human resources: people to take on new tasks Integrated, cross sector collaboration Specific tools and skills – especially technical assistance Training amongst the community about the approach Shared, experiental learning amongst municipalities Financial resources and transforming existing frameworks Political commitments beyond short term horizons communication
SUPPORT: IDEAS AND EXAMPLES Gauteng Green Economy Study and 15 Year Strategy (Dept Econ Dev) and Provincial Energy Office
SUPPORT: IDEAS AND EXAMPLES WESTERN CAPE PROVINCE TECHNICAL SUPPORT THROUGH: Dept Economic Development – waste to energy technical support for municipalities (professional resource team) Dept Env Affairs and Dev Planning – working with municipalities and industry to support the handling of new zoning regulations for RE development Green Cape – Provincial Sector Agency under DED looking at how to reap the benefits of RE development for the province – jobs, new skills, etc. Lobbies for emphasis on localisation within the REBID process
SUPPORT: IDEAS AND EXAMPLES DEADP/DCOG/SALGA - developing toolkit to support integration of climate response into IDPs. resilient interventions all support the green economy approach SALGA, working with CESU knowledge sharing network..
ARE WE SHIFTING?
DEA SLIDE NPC PRESENTATION 2011:Putting it all together
CONCLUSION No one really has the answers Dont expect a miracle from local government the only way to approach such a period, in which uncertainty is very large and one cannot predict what the future holds, is not to predict, but to experiment and act inventively and exuberantly via diverse adventures in life Buzz Holling, Ecologist