Presentation on theme: "Author Study by Sondra Keckley"— Presentation transcript:
1Author Study by Sondra Keckley E.B. WhiteAuthor Studyby Sondra Keckley
2Biographical Information Born on July 11, 1899, as Elwyn Brooks White in Mount Vernon, New YorkSon of Jessie Hart and Samuel Tilly White, a prominent piano manufacturerHis family was comfortably well off, but not wealthyYoungest child, with two brothers & three sistersAttended local public schools in Mount Vernon, New YorkAttended Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, graduating in 1921, with a Bachelor of Arts degreeMarried New Yorker editor Katharine Sergeant Angell in 1929, and they had one son, Joel WhiteDied of Alzheimer's disease on October 1, 1985, in North Brooklin, Maine
3Career Timeline Offered a teaching position at the University of Minnesota, but turned it downbecause his goal was to become a writerWorked for the United Press Internationaland the American Legion News Service fromReporter for the Seattle Times fromWorked for two years with the Frank Seamanadvertising agency as a production assistant andcopywriterHad poems published in "The Conning Tower" byFranklin P. Adams
4Career Timeline Turning Point Published the article "Defense of the Bronx River" in 1925, in the New Yorker magazine.This was his first piece in the New Yorker, which led to his being named a contributing editor in 1927—an association which continued until his death in 1985.
5Career Timeline Continued 1929: published a collection of poetry, The Lady Is ColdAlso that year, partnered with James Thurber to write a parody of the current trend of Freudian psychology books of the 1920s, titled Is Sex Necessary?E.B. White with James Thurber
6Career Timeline Continued 1931: published Ho Hum1932: published Another Ho Hum1934: published Every Day is Saturday1936: under the pseudonym Lee Strout White, published the essay "Farewell My Lovely!“, in the New Yorker1938: poetry collection The Fox of PeapackAlso that year, began monthly column with Harper’s magazine, called “One Man’s Meat”
7White Makes a Move1938: Moved to the country, to a farm in North Brooklin, MaineContinued his writing career without the responsibilities of a regular jobThe barn near his home was the inspiration for many of his characters he will soon write about in his children’s books
8Career Timeline Continued 1939: published an essay collection, titled Quo Vadimus?1941: edited with his wife the book The Subtreasury of American Humor1942: published the collection ofhis Harper’s magazinecolumns inOne Man’s Meat
9White’s Career Enters a New Field: Children’s Literature Began writing Stuart Little in hopes of amusing his 6-year-old niece, Janice Hart White, but before he finished it she had grown up and was reading Hemingway.Only published 3 children’s books:1945: Stuart Little1952: Charlotte’s Web1970: The Trumpet of the Swan
10Career Timeline Continued 1946: Published The Wild Flag1949: Published Here Is New York, in which he eerily wrote:“A single flight of planes no bigger than a wedge of geese can quickly end this island fantasy, burn the towers, crumble the bridges, turn the underground passages into lethal chambers, cremate millions... Of all targets New York has a certain clear priority. In the mind of whatever perverted dreamer might loose the lightning, New York must hold a steady, irresistible charm."
11Career Timeline Continued 1959: Revised & updated, adding a chapter titled “An Approach to Style”, his Cornell professor, William Strunk, Jr.’s, book The Elements of Style, originally written in This handbook to grammar & style has been republished numerous times, as recent as 2005, and is still being used in colleges & high schools today.
12Career Timeline Finalized 1962: Published The Points of My Compass1976: Letters of E.B. White, edited by D.L. Guth1977: Published Essays of E.B. White1981: Published Poems and Sketches of E.B. White
13In the Words of White “Writing is hard work and bad for the health.” ~E.B. White“Mr. White finds writing difficult and bad for one’s health, but he keeps at it even so. He would like, more than anything, to be a poet. The poets, he thinks, are the great ones.”~back cover of Stuart Little
14Awards and AccoladesGold Medal for Essays and Criticism from the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1960Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal for his children's books in 1970National Medal for Literature in 1971Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1973Sequoyah Award from Oklahoma in 1973William Allen White Award from Kansas in 1973Honorary Pulitzer Prize for his work as a whole in 1978Honorary degrees from seven American colleges and universities
15White’s Insights and Humor “I get up every morning determined to both change the world and have one hell of a good time. Sometimes this makes planning my day difficult.”“I would feel more optimistic about a bright future for man if he spent less time proving that he can outwit Nature and more time tasting her sweetness and respecting her seniority.”“People are, if anything, more touchy about being thought silly than they are about being thought unjust.”~E.B. White
16The E.B. White Read Aloud Award Established in 2004 by the Association of Booksellers for ChildrenStore members nominate books that are their favorite to suggest when asked “Can you suggest something that my family and I can read together?”Books should be “terrific” to read aloudCriteria for nominations include “dynamic writing, engaging themes, and universal appeal. In the case of picture books, the relationship between writing and illustration should be strong, and the structure of the book should build an enjoyable sense of anticipation.”In 2006, “in recognition of the fact that reading aloud is a pleasure at any age, the award was expanded into two categories: Picture Books, and Older Readers”.
17Why I Chose E.B. WhiteI own original copies of White’s three children’s books, and remember reading them as a kid.I have read Charlotte’s Web to my oldest daughter at least 5 or 6 times, and since the summer we have read The Trumpet of the Swan and Stuart Little.Being a science person, I have always loved the scientific details White infused into Charlotte’s Web and The Trumpet of the Swan. I have learned a lot about spiders and trumpeter swans reading those books. I think kids should learn about their world while enjoying a fun story.I have always loved White’s sense of humor and writing style. His books were just as enjoyable to me as an adult, and my kids would crack up, too.I learned a lot doing this study, too. I didn’t realize those were his only children’s books, I just thought they were the only books of his I owned. I learned just how diverse of a writer White was, and that most of his career was for adults.I find it interesting that although White only wrote the 3 children’s books, there is a Read Aloud Award in his honor.
18I Must Criticize Stuart Little White’s first attempt at writing a children’s novel was clearly just that.I felt this book was too episodic in nature, yet the chapters started becoming a little more related at the end. This gave a choppy and confusing feeling to the story.The ending was too abrupt and Stuart just left home to travel the world without telling his parents.Much of the story line had no point and the story wasn’t very cohesive. White also didn’t explain much.There were grammatical errors, and much of the language or phrases were dated or phrased differently than how we would say it today.I did not approve of White’s attitude toward school when Stuart subbed at a school. Children shouldn’t be given such a negative view of school and learning. My daughter and I had to laugh it off, knowing that was not the proper way a teacher should behave.
19Let’s End on the Note of a Quote “Old age is a special problem for me because I've never been able to shed the mental image I have of myself - a lad of about 19.”“It is not often that someone comes along who is a true friend and a good writer.”“English usage is sometimes more than mere taste, judgment and education - sometimes it's sheer luck, like getting across the street.”~E.B. White
20Works Cited“E.B. White”. Encyclopedia of World Biography. 28 Nov <http://www.notablebiographies.com/We-Z/White-E-B.html>.“E.B. White”. Fantastic Fiction. 28 Nov <http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/w/e-b-white/>.“E.B. White”. Wikipedia. 28 Nov <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._B._White>.“E.B. White (American Writer)”. Britannica Online Encyclopedia. 28 Nov <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/642023/E-B-White>.E.B. White Infosite. 28 Nov <http://ebwhite.net/index.html>.“E.B. White Quotes”. Brainy Quote. 28 Nov <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/e/e_b_white_2.html>.“E.B. White Quotes”. The Quotations Page. 28 Nov <http://www.quotationspage.com/quotes/E._B._White/>.
21Works Cited ContinuedLiukkonen, Petri. “E(lwyn) B(rooks) White ( )”. Books and Writers. 28 Nov <http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ebwhite.htm>.“Search Results for E.B. White”. Google Images. 24 Nov <http://images.google.com/images?q=EB+White&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:enUS:official&client=firefoxa&um=1&ie=UTF-8&ei=xlYRS_bbJo2mMI-sDM&sa=X&oi=image_result_group&ct=title&resnum=4&ved=0CCcQsAQwAw>.“The E.B. White Read-Aloud Awards”. The Association of Booksellers for Children. 29 Nov <http://theabfc.wordpress.com/the-eb-white-read-aloud-awards/>.White, E. B. Stuart Little. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1945.