Presentation on theme: "The 4 Goals of Misbehavior"— Presentation transcript:
1The 4 Goals of Misbehavior Tamarah L. Gehlen MA LMFT LADC CCTP
2Where did the 4 goals come from? Rudolph Dreikurs – Book: Children the Challenge, 1968Helped family workers and parents see purpose behind actions & to work with the issue, rather than against.
3What are the 4 Goals of Misbehavior? AttentionPowerRevengeAvoidance
4EVERY BEHAVIOR HAS A PURPOSE!!! Why are They Important?EVERY BEHAVIOR HAS A PURPOSE!!!By using these principles and observing clients from this perspective, we can:Better align with themReduce resistanceUse our own emotions to gauge the situationHelp create movement & improveclient awareness
5Remember:The more discouraged an individual is – the more they act out until they get to avoidance.
6So, What Can We Take From This? By maintaining a positive stance, seeking opportunity to give encouragement, it becomes easier for us to help clients come back from the stage of misbehavior that they are in, and find different ways to get their needs met in relationships in healthy, positive ways.
7What happens if we lose sight of this? In being overworked, stressed or dealing with difficult clients ongoing, we can begin to lack the empathy and creativity needed to fully facilitate change with those that we serve. That is why an understanding of encouragement & discouragement is vital – as well as a constant reminder that every behavior has a purpose!What happens if we lose sight of this?
10Discouragement & Mistaken Beliefs: People become discouraged when their way of interacting in the world does not produce the same, consistent results, or when they cannot link a cohesive connection from the world to their personal beliefs.
11Where mistaken beliefs come from: By asking our clients to change, we are asking them to question what they know, & make changes in their most deeply held beliefs –or to change actions that have contributed to their survival.
12What’s in your client’s toolbox? Do they have a variety of tools?Do they understand how to use the tools that they have?Are they willing to learn new tools?
13Getting Organized Having some flexibility Remembering that you are your most valuable tool – how are you taking care of yourself?Having a sense of humorHaving “go-to” activities
14Mistaken Beliefs Are Categorized By: THE WORLD IS…WOMEN ARE…MEN ARE…PEOPLE ARE…I AM…
19AttentionWhat they Feel“I count only when I am being noticed or served.”How You Feel/ReactAnnoyed; May want to remind, or coax them to change behavior pattern
20Attention How to Correct How They RespondTemporarily stops disturbing action when given attention but soon continues; may begin new behavior to gain attention.How to CorrectIgnore when possible; give attention in unexpected ways; give attention for positive behavior; never give attention on demand.
21What are some real-life ways to help get over the attention seeking? EYE contact. Get on the client’s level, listen to the request and answer with focus.TRUST that they can do it & then teach them this! Watch- as the attention seeking energy is channeled into self-sufficiency.OFFER ACCEPTANCE. When a kid is being bad to get you to stop what you’re doing, ignore the “bad” and reach out to accept the child in a different context. block out the whining and continuing on, inviting the child to participate outside of the behavior.INVITE PARTICIPATION.
22If Attention doesn’t work – The next step is typically POWER
23The motivating factor… POWERThe motivating factor…I count only when I am dominating, when you do what I want you to do, when I can do whatever I want.
25When you feel: Provoked, angry or challenged- "l'll make them do it” POWERPower can be done in overt & covert ways.Think: Classic Power StruggleWhen you feel: Provoked, angry or challenged- "l'll make them do it”
26How to progress past the power struggle When those who seek power don’t get their way they will:-Intensifies action when reprimanded-Want to win/ be boss- Increase defiance.How to make change:- Withdraw from conflict- Act, rather than talk- Be friendly Establish equality- Redirect their efforts into constructive channels.
27Taking Power out of the Therapeutic Relationship OFFER TRUST If clients can get opportunities for small amounts of power, the power struggles aren’t necessary to gain empowerment.PROVIDE CHOICES – give clients choices on what needs to be addressed from pre-selected items YOU want to accomplish. Something even as simple as asking “ What do you most want to talk about today?” Is a great opener.ACCEPT MISTAKES - It’s so tempting to step in and try to “fix” their lives, but remember - power comes from the ability to be in charge of ones own life- even the mistakes!
28Revenge typically follows … When power fails….Revenge typically follows …
29REVENGEI can't be liked. I don't have power but I'll count if I can hurt others as I feel hurt by life.
30Revenge Ever find yourself feeling like "How can he/she do this to me?“ Hurt? Wanting to retaliate, or try to get even?Then you’ve experienced revenge…
31The Purpose Behind Revenge: A client who feels slighted , ignored, or unaccepted for who they are as a person – even if we convey the message unintentionally- will want to find a way to feel significant
32Ways to avoid or get out of the revenge trap: CONNECTING with our clients.LISTENING to their likes / dislike.ACCEPTING who they are as people (even if they are different from us)ALLOWING for their interpretation of their own world.
33Getting out of the revenge trap Maintain order with minimum restraint; -avoid retaliation or punishment. -Take time and effort to help client. -Build trusting relationship - Have a good sense of humor!!!
34Every Behavior Has a Purpose! Remember:Keep in mind the escalating scale of discouragement…By truly achieving revenge-type behavior, the client gets to feel significant, powerful and also gets attention.Every Behavior Has a Purpose!
35Things to Consider…Many get frustrated with this type of client as it may appear that they are trying to actively seek ways to get the therapeutic process off-task.By simply continuing our relationship with them and encouraging any positives we see – we help them begin to question the mistaken belief.
36I’ve failed – you’re going to fail - so why even go there? AVOIDANCEI’ve failed – you’re going to fail - so why even go there?
37*Also referred to as display of inadequacy… Avoidance*Also referred to as display of inadequacy…Avoidance says:I can't do anything right so I won't try to do anything at all; I am no good
38Avoidance can look like a lot of different things…. `Avoidance can look like a lot of different things….
39ALERT! ALERT!!!Avoidance and clients that are withdrawn have exhausted all other attempts to be noticed and find significance in the world They are the most difficult to re-engage, and while they appear not as needy as other clients, they are at high risk for suicide, drug & alcohol abuse and other forms of abuse.
40How to Identify Avoidance: Clients who are in avoidance mode often feel despair, hopeless, discouraged; "I give up" may be their motto.Be aware that this may not present as depression, they may be disinterested, can be energetic, but automatically “know” that nothing you suggest or try will actually “work” for them.
41How to Overcome Avoidance: Connect with them at their levelAccept authentic efforts at success because failing now build character laterKeep their interests in mind and allow for them to make decisions
42Mistaken Beliefs…. Mistaken beliefs are what drive misbehavior. When clients have negative experiences based on their own negative perception, they get confirmation that they are “less than”
43Helping educate clients on the 4 goals and finding ways to encourage them for who they are – NOT what they do is the way to change in the client, and change in the therapeutic relationship.
44The 4 Goals of Misbehavior can be used with clients or any other relationship – we can even use them to help ourselves in overcoming some of our mistaken beliefs!