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© 2008 Porteon Electric Vehicles, Inc. Perspectives on the Future of Transportation and Sustainability Oregons Role in the Emerging Electric Vehicle (EV)

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Presentation on theme: "© 2008 Porteon Electric Vehicles, Inc. Perspectives on the Future of Transportation and Sustainability Oregons Role in the Emerging Electric Vehicle (EV)"— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2008 Porteon Electric Vehicles, Inc. Perspectives on the Future of Transportation and Sustainability Oregons Role in the Emerging Electric Vehicle (EV) Industry Perspectives on the Future of Transportation and Sustainability Oregons Role in the Emerging Electric Vehicle (EV) Industry John Thornton Vice President of Manufacturing & Supply Chain Porteon Electric Vehicles Oregon SAE Luncheon Meeting February 29, 2008 John Thornton Vice President of Manufacturing & Supply Chain Porteon Electric Vehicles Oregon SAE Luncheon Meeting February 29, 2008

2 Context: Why are electric vehicles (EVs) important? What are the benefits of an electric vehicle (EV)? What does it take to build a practical electric car for families? Will EVs require new infrastructure? Will EVs require new technology? Oregons prospects in the emerging EV market. Context: Why are electric vehicles (EVs) important? What are the benefits of an electric vehicle (EV)? What does it take to build a practical electric car for families? Will EVs require new infrastructure? Will EVs require new technology? Oregons prospects in the emerging EV market. Topics

3 Transportation Problems CONFIDENTIAL Air Quality Land Use Population Growth Congestion X X Fuel Prices

4 Transportation Problems CONFIDENTIAL Air Quality Land Use Population Growth Congestion X X Fuel Prices Climate Change Energy Supply Climate Change Energy Supply

5 Schafer A, Victor D. The future mobility of the world population. Transportation Research Part A 2000;34:171-205. Mobility: History & Projections

6 IEA Key world energy statistics 2005. IEA, Paris. See also: http://www.iea.org/dbtwwpd/Textbase/nppdf/free/2005/key2005.pdf Global Transportation Energy Consumption by Fuel

7 Electricity as the Ultimate Flexible Fuel Energy Carrier LiquidFuelsLiquidFuels ElectricityElectricity HydrogenHydrogen

8 Electricity as the Ultimate Flexible Fuel Energy ResourceConversionEnergy Carrier Oil(Conventional) Oil (Conventional) Oil(Non-conventional) Oil (Non-conventional) BiomassBiomass Natural Gas CoalCoal NuclearNuclear LiquidFuelsLiquidFuels ElectricityElectricity HydrogenHydrogen SyngasSyngas Renewables (Wave, Tidal, Geo, Solar, Wind)

9 Electricity as the Ultimate Flexible Fuel Energy ResourceConversionEnergy CarrierPropulsion System Oil(Conventional) Oil (Conventional) Oil(Non-conventional) Oil (Non-conventional) BiomassBiomass Natural Gas CoalCoal NuclearNuclear LiquidFuelsLiquidFuels ElectricityElectricity HydrogenHydrogen Conventional ICE: Gasoline/Diesel ICE Hybrid (HEV) Plug-in Hybrid ICE (PHEV–Parallel) Extended Range EV: (PHEV–Serial) (PHEV–Serial) Battery Electric (EV) (EV) Fuel Cell Electric (FCEV) BatteryBattery SyngasSyngas Renewables (Wave, Tidal, Geo, Solar, Wind) Electrification

10 Electricity as the Ultimate Flexible Fuel Energy ResourceConversionEnergy CarrierPropulsion System Oil(Conventional) Oil (Conventional) Oil(Non-conventional) Oil (Non-conventional) BiomassBiomass Natural Gas CoalCoal NuclearNuclear Conventional ICE: Gasoline/Diesel ICE Hybrid (HEV) Plug-in Hybrid ICE (PHEV–Parallel) Fuel Cell Electric (FCEV) BatteryBattery SyngasSyngas Electrification LiquidFuelsLiquidFuels ElectricityElectricity HydrogenHydrogen Extended Range EV: (PHEV–Serial) (PHEV–Serial) Battery Electric (EV) (EV) Renewables (Wave, Tidal, Geo, Solar, Wind) ElectricityElectricity Extended Range EV: (PHEV–Serial) (PHEV–Serial) Battery Electric (EV) (EV) Renewables (Wave, Tidal, Geo, Solar, Wind)

11 US annual CO2 output emission rate (lb/MWh) Electricity – Growing Greener

12 US annual CO2 output emission rate (lb/MWh) Electricity – Growing Greener

13 Source: Pew Center for Global Climate Change (September 2008) http://www.pewclimate.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_states/rps.cfm Electricity – Growing Greener: Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) Electricity – Growing Greener: Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) OR: 25% by 2025 WA: 15% by 2020 CA: 20% by 2010 NV: 20% by 2015 AZ: 15% by 2025 MT: 15% by 2015

14 Comparison of Energy Crops vs. Electricity

15 An average-sized soccer field is 0.75 ha 1 ha is equal to 100 x 100 m 10,000 m 2 Source: Photon International, April 2007

16 Comparison of Energy Crops vs. Electricity 0 *1 Average usage 16kWh/100 km *2 Average usage 7.4 I/100 km fuel equivalent *3 Average usage 6.5 I/100 km fuel equivalent 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000100,000 biodiesel* 3 21,500 km bioethanol (from wheat)* 2 22,500 km 60,000 km 67,000 km biomass to liquid* 3 biogas (from corn)* 2 An average-sized soccer field is 0.75 ha 1 ha is equal to 100 x 100 m 10,000 m 2 Source: Photon International, April 2007

17 Comparison of Energy Crops vs. Electricity 0 *1 Average usage 16kWh/100 km *2 Average usage 7.4 I/100 km fuel equivalent *3 Average usage 6.5 I/100 km fuel equivalent 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000100,000 biodiesel* 3 21,500 km bioethanol (from wheat)* 2 22,500 km 60,000 km 67,000 km biomass to liquid* 3 biogas (from corn)* 2 200,000 electricity (Plug-in Hybrid operation)* 1 3,250,000 km An average-sized soccer field is 0.75 ha 1 ha is equal to 100 x 100 m 10,000 m 2 Source: Photon International, April 2007

18 Comparison of Energy Crops vs. Electricity 0 *1 Average usage 16kWh/100 km *2 Average usage 7.4 I/100 km fuel equivalent *3 Average usage 6.5 I/100 km fuel equivalent 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000100,000 biodiesel* 3 21,500 km bioethanol (from wheat)* 2 22,500 km 60,000 km 67,000 km biomass to liquid* 3 biogas (from corn)* 2 200,000 electricity (Plug-in Hybrid operation)* 1 3,250,000 km An average-sized soccer field is 0.75 ha 1 ha is equal to 100 x 100 m 10,000 m 2 Source: Photon International, April 2007

19 IEA Key world energy statistics 2005. IEA, Paris. See also: http://www.iea.org/dbtwwpd/Textbase/nppdf/free/2005/key2005.pdf Transportation Energy Use by Transport Mode (US)

20 1. Aviation 8.4 % 2. Petrochemicals 3. Maritime shipping 4.5 % 4. Long haul trucks 19.1 % 5. Rail transport 0.7 % 6. Long trips by car 7. Commuting 61.4 % 8. Picking up the kids (local trips) 9. Driving a Hummer Petroleum: A Hierarchy of Requirements vs. Available Substitutes Petroleum: A Hierarchy of Requirements vs. Available Substitutes 8.4 % 4.5 % 19.1 % 0.7 % 61.4 %

21 Source: US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, 1990 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS), Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Cambridge, MA, 1991 National Personal Transportation Survey 1990 Personal Vehicle Miles Driven Daily % of Automobiles Miles 100% 75% 50% 25% 0% 30 6090120150>155 50% drive 25 miles a day or less 50% drive 25 miles a day or less Approximately 80% drive 50 miles a day or less Approximately 80% drive 50 miles a day or less Drivers in the United States average 25 miles or less per day. – U.S. Dept. of Transportation Data Drivers in the United States average 25 miles or less per day. – U.S. Dept. of Transportation Data

22 Propulsive Energy Requirements – Various Modes

23

24 Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule (UDDS)

25 Acceleration Consumes Energy

26 Regenerative Braking Recovers Energy

27 Mass Consumes Power (and Energy) Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), lbs. Power (kW) Assumptions: Gear train efficiency 90% Fixed transmission losses 1 ft-lb Cd.3 A = 22 sq ft Rf.8% Speed 35mph Grade 1.5%

28 Mass Efficiency AutomobilePassenger Aircraft Commercial RailUrban Bus High Speed Rail Freight Truck Freight Rail Cargo ShipBicycle Gross Moving Mass (Tonnes) Mass Efficiency

29 Increasing Mass Efficiency in Cars AutomobilePassenger Aircraft Commercial RailUrban Bus High Speed Rail Freight Truck Freight Rail Cargo ShipBicycle Gross Moving Mass (Tonnes) Mass Efficiency

30 Energy Efficient Mass reduction Lightweight materials – aluminum, advanced composites Smaller size, compact Electric power train Increased efficiency Regeneration Functional Operating range matched with actual use Right-size the vehicle for typical use profile (including energy system) Appealing (curb appeal) Distinctive design Fun / Performance Affordable Acquisition cost Operating cost Conclusion: EVs as a Practical Car For Families

31 Existing Infrastructure Infrastructure

32 Efficiency Light Weight Energy Storage Future Technologies

33 Vehicle to Grid (V 2 G), Grid to Vehicle (G 2 V) and V 2 H

34 www.porteon.net

35 Oregon – Early Adopters of Advanced Transportation Technology Metropolitan areas where hybrids are most popular

36 Suggested Reading A Thousand Barrels a Second: The Coming Oil Break Point and the Challenges Facing an Energy Dependent World – Peter Tertzakian Time for a Model Change: Re-engineering the Global Automotive Industry – Graeme P. Maxton and John Wormald The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail – Clayton M. Christensen ZOOM: The Global Race to Fuel the Car of the Future – Iain Carson and Vijay V. Vaitheeswaran Crossing the Chasm – Geoffrey A. Moore

37 Questions & Answers Contact: john.thornton@porteon.net john.a.thornton@gmail.com Phone:+001 – 503–806-1760


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