Presentation on theme: "How to Give an Effective 2ar. 1. Think About the Big Picture Remember: focus on offense – defend your house Isolate 1 or 2 Impacts Decide on impacts."— Presentation transcript:
How to Give an Effective 2ar
1. Think About the Big Picture Remember: focus on offense – defend your house Isolate 1 or 2 Impacts Decide on impacts based on negative strategy – know what level of your argument you must win to access your impacts Know way you may frame the debate depending on 2nr strategy before the 1ar speaks Don’t immediately start writing your speech when 2nr ends – conceptualize the debate However, during the 2nr’s prep time, you can start writing your overview based on what you think they are going for
2. Strategy to Ordering Your Flows Should have a strategy for ordering your flows for every speech Keep in mind – 2ar tells a story…don’t let the judge write his or her own story Don’t put your best argument or the neg’s best argument on the bottom when possible Almost never want to put your entire case at the bottom Almost never put the counterplan on the bottom
3. Overviews – Your overview Sometimes a general overview, sometimes done on a specific argument Overview should not be a preview of what we are to hear - Instead, use it to frame the debate/start impact comparisons Should be less than a minute long, aim for seconds Don’t use the exact same overview for every debate – however, keep them and re-use parts…you can even write parts ahead of time for different scenarios Usually start with why you win it (recognizing negative’s best chance of winning) NO UNDERVIEWS ALLOWED IN POLICY DEBATE
Responding to the 2nr Overview… Don’t give your overview and then address everything in the 2nr overview - Your impact analysis should take in to account 2nr impact assessment - Only answer 2nr if arguments that you won’t answer in your overview or on the line
Scenario 1 - Overview The negative goes for the states CP and the federalism disad, with an Iraq instability/Middle East wars going nuclear impact. They also kick out of their topicality violation and spending tradeoff. There are 3 defensive on poverty and 3 defensive arguments on ethno-religious conflicts. Going in to your 2ar, you want to win that the counterplan does not solve the ethno-religious conflicts advantage and that outweighs. You also think it would help to win that federalism is not modeled. - What is the order of the flows in the 2ar? - Do you give a global overview or a specific overview? - How might you phrase your overview?
Scenario 2 - Overview The negative kicked politics, went for spending tradeoff and defense against both of your advantages, poverty and ethno-religious conflicts. You believe the negative kicked out of politics incorrectly, and the impact is extinction because of nuclear war. - What is the order of the flows in the 2ar? - Do you give a global overview or a specific overview? - How might you phrase your overview?
Scenario 3 – Overview The negative went for ASPEC for 2 minutes and then went for politics and case defense against your 1 advantage, poverty. - What is the order of the flows in the 2ar? - Do you give a global overview or a specific overview? - How might you phrase your overview?
Scenario 4 - Overview The negative goes for topicality – substantially means 20% for five minutes. - What is the order of the flows in the 2ar? - Do you give a global overview or a specific overview? - How might you phrase your overview?
4. Pick, Choose, and Use Detail Don’t have to extend every 1ar argument Be willing to devote significant time to an argument Don’t forget about the line-by-line Exploit the weakness of the negative strategy….
5. Take Advantage of 2nr Weaknesses EXAMPLES DA - was the disad kicked out of incorrectly? - Did the 2nr spend too much time on the link and not enough on the uniqueness? T/Theory - Frame based on dropped arguments or best arguments. Do a better job explaining your standards precede/outweigh/solve theirs *** The 2nr was NOT perfect – figure out the imperfections
6. Ask yourself “So What” Do not just extend 1ar arguments/develop Make sure judge knows why the argument matters – how it interacts with the rest of the debate
7. Comparison, and not just with debate jargon Impact comparison – more than just time-frame, magnitude, and probability - Reasons why - Also think about questions of inevitability/who controls uniqueness, if case solves the neg’s impact, etc Argument/Evidence Comparison * Evidence – reasons to prefer? Argument – How does yours trump the negatives? Argument – How does yours trump the negatives? These types of comparisons do not happen enough
8. Prove you’re an Expert on Your Aff Refer to evidence by cite (and argument) – know your authors Explain warrants in your evidence, not just tag lines (tricks – write on side of evidence, have pre-written explanations you can edit) * Don’t forget to extend 1ar evidence
9. Delivery Show confidence – before, during, and after the speech Use emphasis * slow down on key ideas * use catch-phrases * connect with your judge Start out especially strong – know your order, deliver the first 30 seconds perfectly, etc.
10. Role of the 1ar 1ar’s job is not done - get evidence in order - May need to help out by reading some evidence for the 2ar and help with comparison - Must flow! - Only interrupt partner if they are about to lose - Do not write out the majority of the speech for the 2ar * can help with small parts, but make sure you have taken time to make sure you understand the arguments/can read them
12. Tips Versus the CP When Going for Permutations When Going for Permutations - Make sure it is clear which perm you are going for - Repeat text and what it means - Explain why the permutation is better than the counterplan - Make sure you answer theory If you go for theory versus the counterplan If you go for theory versus the counterplan - make sure you do the link, internal link, and impact work - not enough to just respond to the neg, need to be sure you can win it When debating the solvency deficit When debating the solvency deficit - Make sure you are citing evidence, not just in generic terms – especially 1ac evidence
13. Tips Versus the Kritik You must continue the debate about the alternative – think of like a counterplan - easiest way for aff to lose the k debate is concede that the alternative solves all the case - easiest way for aff to lose the k debate is concede that the alternative solves all the case Same tips for permutations apply Same tips for permutations apply Remember, you must have your story – don’t just extend 1ar arguments Remember, you must have your story – don’t just extend 1ar arguments
14. Tips Versus Topicality/Theory Have a strategy! Have an overview! Frame your arguments offensively - example: literature checks Most likely will be a competing interpretations debate because you almost always want to extend a counter- interpretation in the 2ar: make sure you have arguments your interpretation is good and why theirs is bad Compare impacts for standards – ex. what is more important, fair limits versus more negative ground? Can argue against the 2nr’s framing of the debate being about competing interpretations
15. Tips for the Case Debate Don’t have to go for all your advantages – pick based on 2nr strategy If you are going for an advantage outweighs the neg, do not put it on the bottom Cites = key! Don’t get bogged down on bad arguments, but make sure you have an answer
Finals of the TOC – 2ar BSY BSY Did this 2ar follow all the guidelines? Now it is your turn to be in the finals of the TOC…. 2010!