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47th General Assembly of a.v.e.c. 17-20 September 2004 Ghent, Belgium Dr. Stefania Marrone European Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "47th General Assembly of a.v.e.c. 17-20 September 2004 Ghent, Belgium Dr. Stefania Marrone European Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 47th General Assembly of a.v.e.c September 2004 Ghent, Belgium Dr. Stefania Marrone European Commission

2 Dr. Stefania Marrone2 Contents EU-RUSSIA EU-RUSSIA Veterinary and sanitary situation: EU/World Veterinary and sanitary situation: EU/World Water retention agents in poultrymeat Water retention agents in poultrymeat

3 Dr. Stefania Marrone3 EU-RUSSIA EU 25s meat exports of 1.3 billion to Russia will continue uninterrupted. EU 25s meat exports of 1.3 billion to Russia will continue uninterrupted. Transitional period established for three months, from 1st October 2004 to 1st January 2005, to gradually substitute the old documents with the new ones. Transitional period established for three months, from 1st October 2004 to 1st January 2005, to gradually substitute the old documents with the new ones. The old meat safety certificate for EU exports will be accepted until 31st December The old meat safety certificate for EU exports will be accepted until 31st December Russia is expected to accept the principle of regionalisation policy in cases of disease outbreaks limiting an import ban to areas where the disease is present instead of banning imports from a whole country. Russia is expected to accept the principle of regionalisation policy in cases of disease outbreaks limiting an import ban to areas where the disease is present instead of banning imports from a whole country.

4 Dr. Stefania Marrone4 EU-RUSSIA The EU Presidency set up two working groups, under the framework of the Council's Potsdam-group, to deal with : The EU Presidency set up two working groups, under the framework of the Council's Potsdam-group, to deal with : -- regionalisation, first meeting the 22 September -- fraud prevention, to provide Russia with a paper, first meeting on Monday 13th September. Agreement improvement on veterinary certificates : strict food safety standards and single veterinary certificate for EU export to Russia. Agreement improvement on veterinary certificates : strict food safety standards and single veterinary certificate for EU export to Russia. Cooperation improvement, in particular regarding prevention of fraud, control of transits intended towards Russia, concept of sanitary regionalisation. Russia accepts the parallel use of new and former certificates until the end of this year, but with the requirements and conditions agreed upon (i.e. only from establishments authorised for export by Russia). Russia wants to have models of official MSs stamps and registers, and to start discussions on the Phytosanitary field. Cooperation improvement, in particular regarding prevention of fraud, control of transits intended towards Russia, concept of sanitary regionalisation. Russia accepts the parallel use of new and former certificates until the end of this year, but with the requirements and conditions agreed upon (i.e. only from establishments authorised for export by Russia). Russia wants to have models of official MSs stamps and registers, and to start discussions on the Phytosanitary field.

5 Dr. Stefania Marrone5 EU-RUSSIA Steps to be done by the EU before 1st January 2005: Steps to be done by the EU before 1st January 2005: 1.Create a common veterinary certificate for each animal species : Draft certificate for live animals (not yet in the final format)Draft certificate for live animals (not yet in the final format) Draft certificate for animal products (final format)Draft certificate for animal products (final format) 2.Adjust national procedures, in order to harmonise the system between the Member States before the new common certificates would apply. The certificates shall be signed by the veterinary national authorities of each Member State.

6 Dr. Stefania Marrone6 EU-RUSSIA : Market situation Russian wholesale poultry prices plunged by a fifth this year as illegal imports surged and Brazil cut prices while it increased exports to Russia. Russian wholesale poultry prices plunged by a fifth this year as illegal imports surged and Brazil cut prices while it increased exports to Russia. Wholesale prices have declined to about 40 rubles ($1.37) per kilogram from about 50 rubles at the beginning of the year, said Naum Babayev, chairman of the board at Mikhailovsky, one of Russia's three largest poultry producers. Wholesale prices have declined to about 40 rubles ($1.37) per kilogram from about 50 rubles at the beginning of the year, said Naum Babayev, chairman of the board at Mikhailovsky, one of Russia's three largest poultry producers. At the same time, costs rose for Russian producers as prices for energy and equipment increased. At the same time, costs rose for Russian producers as prices for energy and equipment increased. "Prices can't fluctuate like that. We have planned for a 5 percent gain, and it fell by 20 percent," Babayev said. "We need to find a mechanism for a fair setting of market prices." "Prices can't fluctuate like that. We have planned for a 5 percent gain, and it fell by 20 percent," Babayev said. "We need to find a mechanism for a fair setting of market prices." Russian poultry consumption will reach 3.2 million tons by 2010, up from 2.04 million tons in 2003, said Zoya Zemlyanaya, chief of economic forecasts at the Russian Poultry Union. Russian poultry consumption will reach 3.2 million tons by 2010, up from 2.04 million tons in 2003, said Zoya Zemlyanaya, chief of economic forecasts at the Russian Poultry Union.

7 Dr. Stefania Marrone7 Veterinary and sanitary situation: EU/World EU : EU : 1.Outbreaks of Newcastle disease in Sweden and Finland successfully eradicated in August 2004 and the protection and surveillance zone around the outbreaks lifted. 2.Vaccination against AI in certain regions of Italy.

8 Dr. Stefania Marrone8 Veterinary and sanitary situation: EU 3.Two Commission Decisions on the surveillance of avian influenza have been published: Decision 2004/615/EC of 23 July 2004 amending Decision 2004/111/EC on the implementation of survey for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds in the Member States to be carried out during 2004, published the and Decision 2004/615/EC of 23 July 2004 amending Decision 2004/111/EC on the implementation of survey for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds in the Member States to be carried out during 2004, published the and 3.Decision 2004/630/EC of 27 July 2004 approving the programmes for the implementation of Member States survey for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds during 2004 and laying down reporting and eligibility rules for the financial contribution from the Community to the implementation costs of those programmes, published the

9 Dr. Stefania Marrone9 Veterinary and sanitary situation: World WORLD WORLD ASIA : outbreak of HPAI in Malaysia ASIA : outbreak of HPAI in Malaysia Decision 2004/122/EC amended for third timeDecision 2004/122/EC amended for third time Prolongation of measures from 15 December 2004 to 31 March 2005 and ban extended to imports of table eggs from MalaysiaProlongation of measures from 15 December 2004 to 31 March 2005 and ban extended to imports of table eggs from Malaysia

10 Dr. Stefania Marrone10 Veterinary and sanitary situation: World: ASIA The measures apply to Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Pakistan, the Peoples Republic of China including the territory of Hong Kong, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand and VietnamThe measures apply to Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Pakistan, the Peoples Republic of China including the territory of Hong Kong, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam At present avian influenza is present in Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, the Peoples Republic of China and IndonesiaAt present avian influenza is present in Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, the Peoples Republic of China and Indonesia

11 Dr. Stefania Marrone11 Veterinary and sanitary situation: World: CHINA Commission Decision 2002/994/EC suspended all imports of food products from China following detected shortcomings regarding veterinary medicines regulation and the residues control system in live animals and animal products. Commission Decision 2002/994/EC suspended all imports of food products from China following detected shortcomings regarding veterinary medicines regulation and the residues control system in live animals and animal products. Certain imports (fish, honey, royal jelly, rabbit meat, beef meat and pig meat) have been resumed, by mean of Commission Decision 2004/621/EC amending Decision 2002/994 Certain imports (fish, honey, royal jelly, rabbit meat, beef meat and pig meat) have been resumed, by mean of Commission Decision 2004/621/EC amending Decision 2002/994 Poultrymeat and poultry products are still suspended for shortcomings detected in the slaughterhouses by the inspectors of the FVO. Poultrymeat and poultry products are still suspended for shortcomings detected in the slaughterhouses by the inspectors of the FVO. An inspection for the rabbit slaughterhouses has been asked to the FVO and obtained. An inspection for the rabbit slaughterhouses has been asked to the FVO and obtained.

12 Dr. Stefania Marrone12 EU-ASIA : Market situation Asia has 7 billion chickens (40% of global total) and accounts for 25% of world poultry trade. EU imported recently only poultry from Thailand. Asia has 7 billion chickens (40% of global total) and accounts for 25% of world poultry trade. EU imported recently only poultry from Thailand. The EU imported 120,000 tonnes of poultry meat and poultry products from Thailand in 2002 and 151,000 tonnes in 2003 and 51,000 tonnes in the first trimester of EU is Thailands second largest export market for poultry after Japan, worth ca 240 mio. However, Thailand has been increasingly exporting processed product (cooked) which has significantly lower import duties: cooked product used to represent +/- 40% of chicken imports from Thailand and is not subject to the ban at present. Frozen chicken meat and uncooked preparations are banned. The EU imported 120,000 tonnes of poultry meat and poultry products from Thailand in 2002 and 151,000 tonnes in 2003 and 51,000 tonnes in the first trimester of EU is Thailands second largest export market for poultry after Japan, worth ca 240 mio. However, Thailand has been increasingly exporting processed product (cooked) which has significantly lower import duties: cooked product used to represent +/- 40% of chicken imports from Thailand and is not subject to the ban at present. Frozen chicken meat and uncooked preparations are banned.

13 Dr. Stefania Marrone13 Veterinary and sanitary situation: World: South Africa Commission has suspended imports of ostriches from South Africa following the confirmation on 6th August of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreaks in two ratite (ostriches) farms in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, by adopting a decision suspending the import of live ratites and their eggs, meat and products of ratites and pet birds from this country into the European Union (EU) until 1 January The detected AI virus strain (H5N2) is different from the strain that has caused the epidemic in Asia and probably poses inferior public health risk that the Asian one. Commission has suspended imports of ostriches from South Africa following the confirmation on 6th August of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreaks in two ratite (ostriches) farms in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, by adopting a decision suspending the import of live ratites and their eggs, meat and products of ratites and pet birds from this country into the European Union (EU) until 1 January The detected AI virus strain (H5N2) is different from the strain that has caused the epidemic in Asia and probably poses inferior public health risk that the Asian one. The South African authorities have immediately suspended all exports of live poultry, pigeons, ratites (ostriches) and other birds and meat and eggs from those species from the whole Republic of South Africa to all their trading partners The South African authorities have immediately suspended all exports of live poultry, pigeons, ratites (ostriches) and other birds and meat and eggs from those species from the whole Republic of South Africa to all their trading partners

14 Dr. Stefania Marrone14 Water retention agents in poultrymeat Commission staff working paper concerning the ban on the use of water retention agents in poultrymeat has been sent to the European Parliament and Council (Brussels, Commission staff working paper concerning the ban on the use of water retention agents in poultrymeat has been sent to the European Parliament and Council (Brussels, SEC 2004 – 1130) SEC 2004 – 1130) The Commission position is that adding water and water retention agents to poultrymeat is fraudulent on several levels, The Commission position is that adding water and water retention agents to poultrymeat is fraudulent on several levels, as follow :

15 Dr. Stefania Marrone15 Water retention agents in poultrymeat 1.Article 5(1)(b) of Council Directive 1971/118/EEC, as amended by Dir. 1992/116/EEC, on health problems affecting the production and placing on the market of fresh poultrymeat, prohibits the use of water retention agents at any stage of the food chain The Commission takes the view that this prohibition applies to all fresh poultrymeat, chilled or frozen, placed on the market in its natural state or used as raw material for the production of meat preparations and meat products The Commission takes the view that this prohibition applies to all fresh poultrymeat, chilled or frozen, placed on the market in its natural state or used as raw material for the production of meat preparations and meat products

16 Dr. Stefania Marrone16 Water retention agents in poultrymeat Practice of injection, tumbling or any other technique for distributing water within the meat mass with the aid of water retention agents is therefore prohibited for edible and non-processed poultrymeat covered by Directive 1971/118/EEC; Practice of injection, tumbling or any other technique for distributing water within the meat mass with the aid of water retention agents is therefore prohibited for edible and non-processed poultrymeat covered by Directive 1971/118/EEC; Production of poultrymeat preparations and poultrymeat products obtained from meat thus treated is therefore prohibited ; Production of poultrymeat preparations and poultrymeat products obtained from meat thus treated is therefore prohibited ; Use of water retention agents is permitted in the production of poultrymeat preparations and products under codes of good practice approved by National Authorities and transmitted to EC. Use of water retention agents is permitted in the production of poultrymeat preparations and products under codes of good practice approved by National Authorities and transmitted to EC.

17 Dr. Stefania Marrone17 Water retention agents in poultrymeat Under Article 6 of labelling Directive 2000/13/EC, any ingredient used in meat preparations and products must be mentioned in the list of ingredients Under Article 6 of labelling Directive 2000/13/EC, any ingredient used in meat preparations and products must be mentioned in the list of ingredients Directives 1994/65/EEC and 1977/99/EEC oblige Member States to ensure that the production conditions for meat preparations and meat products are respectively consistent with the requirements and do not mislead the consumer. Directives 1994/65/EEC and 1977/99/EEC oblige Member States to ensure that the production conditions for meat preparations and meat products are respectively consistent with the requirements and do not mislead the consumer.

18 Dr. Stefania Marrone18 Water retention agents in poultrymeat Regulation 1538/91 on marketing standards for fresh poultrymeat establishes maximum extraneous water contents depending on the chilling methods listed in its article 9: Regulation 1538/91 on marketing standards for fresh poultrymeat establishes maximum extraneous water contents depending on the chilling methods listed in its article 9: 1.Between 2% and 6% for cuts 2.Between 1.5% and 7% for whole carcasses 3.If checks carried out by National Authorities show that these limits are exceeded, the products may not be placed on th emarket unless the label indicates water content exceeds EC limits. The FVO will carry out inspections to check the situation in the different MSs and a report containing appropriate proposals will be presented in The FVO will carry out inspections to check the situation in the different MSs and a report containing appropriate proposals will be presented in 2005.

19 Dr. Stefania Marrone19 Animal welfare Broilers : Broilers : 1.The Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal welfare adopted a scientific opinion concerning the welfare of chickens kept for meat production in March The Commission is preparing a draft proposal to address the welfare problems identified in the report Preparatory work on this proposal included consultations with industry representatives, animal welfare organisations and experts from MSs Preparatory work on this proposal included consultations with industry representatives, animal welfare organisations and experts from MSs A Commission communication should be prepared soon A Commission communication should be prepared soon 3.The main targets to be addressed are : High grow rate due to genetic selection and associated leg disorders High grow rate due to genetic selection and associated leg disorders High stocking densities High stocking densities Restricted feeding of breeding stocks Restricted feeding of breeding stocks Training of persons in charge of animals Training of persons in charge of animals Harmonisation of production conditions at European level Harmonisation of production conditions at European level

20 Dr. Stefania Marrone20 Animal welfare Transport : Transport : 1.The European Food Safety Authoritys (EFSA) Scientific Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW Panel) published an opinion relating to the welfare of animals during transport on 07 May The conclusions and recommendations of the AHAW Panel can be summarised as follows: Food, exposure to humans, loading and unloading conditions, space, bad driving..... constitute sources of stress for transported animals therefore persons involved with animal transport should be trained and their remuneration should encourage good practice Food, exposure to humans, loading and unloading conditions, space, bad driving..... constitute sources of stress for transported animals therefore persons involved with animal transport should be trained and their remuneration should encourage good practice

21 Dr. Stefania Marrone21 Animal welfare only those animals fit for transport should be selected and the practice of sending animals through markets on the way to slaughterhouses should be discouraged as this increases the length of the journey and possible exposure to infectious agents only those animals fit for transport should be selected and the practice of sending animals through markets on the way to slaughterhouses should be discouraged as this increases the length of the journey and possible exposure to infectious agents Animals which are unfit for transport, including female birds likely to produce an egg during the transport period and mammals during the last days of gestation should not be transported at al Animals which are unfit for transport, including female birds likely to produce an egg during the transport period and mammals during the last days of gestation should not be transported at al Although mortality is often used as an indicator of transport conditions, notably for poultry species, this is a very poor measure of welfare and provides no information as to the possible pain and distress suffered by animals. Although mortality is often used as an indicator of transport conditions, notably for poultry species, this is a very poor measure of welfare and provides no information as to the possible pain and distress suffered by animals.

22 Dr. Stefania Marrone22 Animal welfare Finally, the Panel strongly recommends that the routine use of behaviour-modifying drugs during transport should never be utilised as a substitute for good practice. Finally, the Panel strongly recommends that the routine use of behaviour-modifying drugs during transport should never be utilised as a substitute for good practice. 3.The full text of the opinion and the Panels Scientific Assessment report are available on the EFSA web site at: /ahaw_opinions/424_en.html /ahaw_opinions/424_en.html /ahaw_opinions/424_en.html


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