Presentation on theme: "TExES 191 Generalist EC-6 Test Background Information"— Presentation transcript:
1TExES 191 Generalist EC-6 Test Background Information Dion J. Dubois, Ed.D.A National Board Certified Teacher5th Grade TeacherStevens Park Elementary
2Training Dates 9:00 – 5:00 Friday, May 31st Fine Arts, Health, PE ScienceSaturday, June 1st ELARSunday, June 2nd Math & Social StudiesPractice Test: 5:00 – Friday and Saturday (Same Test)
3EC-6 Generalist Test Content English, Language Arts, & Reading32%Math19%Social StudiesScience18%Fine Arts, Health and Physical Education12%
4What you’re being tested on! TExESThe TExES exam will test you on three big areas: your knowledge of the content, your knowledge of children as learners (cognitive characteristics) and your knowledge of effective learning strategies that are tied to the content and the characteristics of those children that you are teaching.ContentCognitive CharacteristicsLearningStrategies
5Learner Centered Instruction As opposed toTeacher Directed InstructionNot Even Dallas ISD!
7Brain-Based Learning Theory The brain is a complex adaptive systemThe brain is socialThe search for meaning in innateWe use patterns to learn more effectivelyEmotions are crucial to developing patternsEach brain perceives and creates parts and whole simultaneously.
8Brain-Based Learning Theory Learning involves focused and peripheral attentionLearning involves conscious and unconscious processes.We have at least two ways to organizing memoryLearning is developmentalComplex learning is enhanced by challengesEvery brain is unique
9Constructivist Learning Theory The learner creates knowledgeThe learner constructs and makes meaningful new knowledge from existing knowledgeThe learner shapes and constructs knowledge by life experiences and social interactionsThe student, teacher and classmates establish knowledge cooperatively on a daily basis.
10Metacognition Learning Theory The study of how to help the learner gain understanding about how knowledge is constructed and about the conscious tools for constructing that knowledge. Teach students to process his or her learning and mastery of skills to provide the greatest learning and retention opportunities. Students are taught to teach themselves skills in problem solving and critical thinking.
11Associations Associations are connections of bits of knowledge. Associating is relating what we know to what we are trying to learn.It is using what are already know to make sense out of what we are trying to learning
12Sample Questions What does this remind you of? Where else have you heard something like this?Has anything like this every happened to you?What might his be an example of?Have you ever been in this situation?
13BrainstormingMake your lessons really fun by encouraging student to use their prior knowledge in creative ways.Challenge them to identify, associate and describe things they already know that are similar to the lesson’s new concepts.For example, in a science lesson, have the students list all the words they might associate with the topic “energy”.
17PredictionsEncouraging student to integrate their prior knowledge, construct inferences, propose alternative solutions, and specify outcomes are creative ways to get students actively involved in thinking.For example, in a reading lesson, ask the students to: Read the title. What do you think this story is about? What do you think would happen?
18AnalogiesHelping students structure and organize new learning through analogies.For example, in a social studies lesson, ask students to consider the dangers and struggles encountered by the early pioneer settlers to learning how to ride a bike or to space exploration
19Concept FormationA concept is a mental construct commonly symbolized by a word – it could be an object, event, idea, or process.Students learn new concept through a process of differentiating between examples and non-examples of essential characteristics of concepts.
20Higher Order Thinking Skills KnowledgeComprehensionApplicationAnalysisSynthesisEvaluation
22Knowledge Who was the first person to set foot on the moon? What is the key word in the problem?What was the name of the main character in the story?What is the Bill of Rights?What part of speech is the word “picture”?
23Comprehension Explain why astronauts had to wear space suits What operation does the key word signify?During what part of the country did the story take place?What does the Bill of Rights guarantee?Could the word picture be also used as a verb?
24Application Compute how much you would weigh on the moon Write and solve the problem.Give me an example of the selfishness of the grandmother.How have you exercised your rights under the Bill of Rights?Write two sentences using the word as a different part of speech.
25AnalysisCompare the type of food taken on this journey to the type of food that you would take if you were going mountain climbing for a weekWill the answer in these types of problems always be larger, smaller, or it depends?Which of the characters displayed more aggression?To which group of people do certain rights apply?Of the eight parts of speeches, which ones would more than likely have words that could be used as another part of speech.
26SynthesisPretend you were the first person on the moon. What would your famous words be?Give me an example where this type of problem may yield a different type of answer?If you would have been the main character, how would you have dealt with the grandmother?Which “unspoken” rights do a married couple have as part of their marriage contract?Can you think of a word that has come out in the last ten years that is used as a different part of speech?
27EvaluationIn your opinion, has the money that has been spent on the space program been worthwhile? Defend your answer.Would this problem be more precise if you use fractions instead of decimals?Do you think there is a relationship between a person’s level of aggression and their quality of life?Do you think that a person who has committed a federal crime should retain the same rights as everyone else?Should a word be used as an adverb and an adjective in the same sentence? Why or why not?
28Effective Teaching Strategies Learner CenteredActive InvolvementHOTSCreative ThinkingLearning CentersResource PeopleCooperative LearningSimulationsInquiry ApproachSee Pages for a description of these strategies
29Test-Taking SkillsForget about your district, your school, your students and instructional practice in your school.On the other hand, whole-group instruction, dictionary work, memorization, worksheets, and workbooks are not effective teaching practices.Focus on Phonics and teaching alphabetic knowledge of letters and combination of letters and the sound they make in the early grades.Authentic practices in reading and writing in upper gradesRespect and incorporate cultural diversityIncorporate technology