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. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter Thirteen Tobacco: The Smoking Challenge Tobacco: The Smoking Challenge
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 2 Patterns of Smoking Use 20.8% of the adult population in the United States are smokers. The decline of smoking since 1965 is largely because of public health campaigns about the hazards of smoking. Although smoking in the United States has declined, the rate of decline has slowed since 1990.
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 3 Gender and Age Group Differences Smoking is more prevalent among men than women. Rates of smoking is higher among young people than among older people. Most smokers get hooked in adolescence and think they can stop at any time. College students are more likely to smoke than the general population. © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Christopher Kerrigan
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 4 Smoking and Ethnicity Smoking is more prevalent among the White population than among African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. The highest rates of smoking occur among Native Americans and Alaska natives. The lowest smoking rates occur among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 5 Substances in Tobacco Tar is a thick, sticky residue formed when tobacco leaves burn, containing hundreds of chemical compounds and carcinogenic substances. Carbon Monoxide is an odorless gas that interferes with the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen to vital body organs. Nicotine is the primary addictive ingredient in tobacco; a poison and a psychoactive drug. © Royalty-Free/Corbis
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 6 Tobacco Products Cigarettes Clove cigarettes Herbal cigarettes Bidis (unprocessed, sun-dried Indian tobacco) Cigars Pipes Smokeless Tobacco Snuff Chewing tobacco
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 7 Why Do People Smoke? Nicotine addiction Behavioral dependence Weight control Tobacco marketing and advertising © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Lars A. Niki
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 8 Short-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Nicotine effects can reach the brain within seconds producing stimulation and sedation. Smoke quickly affects the heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. Tar and toxins damage cilia, the hair-like structures that prevent toxins and debris from reaching delicate lung tissue. The cardiovascular system cannot effectively deliver oxygen to muscle cells.
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 9 Short-Term Effects of Tobacco Use
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 10 Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use Cardiovascular Disease Cancer Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Emphysema Chronic Bronchitis Asthma Premature skin wrinkling Increased risk during surgery Infertility Sexual dysfunction Periodontal disease Duodenal Ulcers Osteoporosis Cataracts Reduced effects of some medications Compromised lung function
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 11 Special Health Risks for Women Lung Cancer Heart Disease Respiratory Disease Fertility Problems Menstrual disorders Early menopause Women who smoke during pregnancy are at increased risk for the following: Miscarriage Stillbirths Preterm delivery Low birth weight in infants Perinatal death High risk for SIDS
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 12 Special Health Risks for Men Greater use of other forms of tobacco (cigars, pipes, smokeless tobacco) places men at higher risk for cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach. Men who smoke also are risk for the following: Problems with sexual function (impotence) Fertility (motility and number of sperm)
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 13 Benefits of Quitting Risks for many health problems reduced when smokers quit. Health benefits begin immediately and are more significant over time. Within a year, the risk for heart attack and coronary artery disease is reduced in half. –Within 5 years, the risk approaches that of non- smokers. Quitting increases longevity. See Highlights on Health When you Quite Smoking: Health Benefits Timeline, page 265
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 14 Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Smoke from other peoples tobacco products is also known as second hand smoke or passive smoke. Sidestream smoke is ETS coming from the burning tobacco product. Mainstream smoke is ETS that has been inhaled and exhaled by the smoker. Significant evidence indicates that inhaling this form of smoke has serious health consequences. Infants and children are especially vulnerable to the effects of ETS.
© 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 15 Quitting and Treatment Options Treatment Programs –20-40% of smokers who enter good treatment programs are able to quit for at least a year Medications –Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) Transdermal patch, nicotine inhaler, nicotine patch, hand gel (Nicogel) –Prescription drug (Zyban, Wellbutrin, Chantix) –Experimental vaccine (NicVax) Quitting on your own –Behavior Change Plan Record and analyze your smoking patterns Establish goals Prepare to quit Implement your plan Prevent relapse
. © 2009 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 16 Chapter Thirteen Tobacco: The Smoking Challenge Tobacco: The Smoking Challenge
8 PowerPoint ® Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Alcohol and Tobacco.
Lesson 1 Why should you avoid cigarettes? Cigarettes contain 43 known carcinogens, including cyanide, formaldehyde, and arsenic. The Effects of Tobacco.
Slide 2 of 14 Health Stats This graph shows how the percentage of 10th graders and 12th graders who smoke has changed. What does this graph reveal about.
Effects & Hazards of Smoking. § Causes millions of deaths each year current § Is expected to cause the premature deaths of half of all current smokers.
Tobacco Unit “The Effects of Tobacco use” Lesson 1.
Why to Quit Smoking Dr Abhay Nigam MBBS MD (Medicine)Senior Specialist – Internal MedicineRAK HospitalRas Al Khaimah.
Smoking 1. All must be able to recall respiration describe lung structure 2. Most should be able explain gas exchange 3. Describe the effects of smoking.
3 harmful substances in tobacco 1. Nicotine – the addictive drug found in tobacco. 2. Carbon Monoxide – odorless, colorless, poisonous gas produced.
Adapted from Dangers of Smoking, Human Relations Media- Quitting Works Presenter: Dennis Lee, Tobacco Dependence Treatment Specialist.
TOBACCO Americas #1 Killer. The Smoking Roller Coaster nicotine goes into the bloodstream, the bodys defenses swing into action, heart beat increases,
Tobacco The Burning Issues Explained Dr. Leslie Rollock Ministry of Health.
1 What Are The Health Risks Of Second Hand Smoke? Second Hand Smoke Is A Leading Cause Of Disease, Including Lung Cancer And Coronary Heart Disease, In.
Lesson 3 How has public awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco helped? Promoting a Smoke-Free Environment As more and more people become aware.
10 Reasons NOT To Smoke Now Or Later. 1.To Prevent Nicotine Addiction Nicotine can cause an instant addiction. One puff of a cigarette/cigar/pipe/bidis.
Comprehensive Overview of North Carolina Tobacco Use and Evidence Based Cessation Methods and Resources June 2009 Tobacco Prevention & Control Branch Division.
Smoking Cessation Program Dr. Rasha Salama PhD Community Medicine Suez Canal University Egypt.
Lesson 1 Cardiovascular Diseases Why should you establish and maintain healthful habits to care for your heart?
Write a paragraph describing how you plan to spend the last 20 years of your life, or how you would like to live after you retire. Include things like:
Management of nicotine dependent inpatients An evidence-based treatment model Tobacco and Health Branch NSW Centre for Health Promotion July 2002.
Tobacco In North Dakota Eric L. Johnson, M.D. Assistant Professor Department of Family and Community Medicine University of North Dakota School of Medicine.
Facts for life Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Properties of Carbon Monoxide Carbon monoxide is an odourless, tasteless and colourless gas. It is toxic to.
Kids Involuntarily Inhaling Secondhand Smoke (KIISS) Creating Smoke-Free Homes and Cars for Kids.
Supported by an educational grant from Merck ROADMAP TO TEEN HEALTH This counseling tool has been developed by the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.
HARMFUL EFFECTS OF MEDICATION, ALCOHOL, DRUGS, AND ADDICTION.
Last updated February 2011 Demographics and Health Effects Revised 05/06.
Making no-smoking rules WORK in Affordable Housing.
Chapter 18: Physical Development in Late Adulthood McGraw-Hill © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Tobacco use and child health in Africa Dr. Joy de Beyer Africa Child Health Meeting, World Bank, July 2000.
Steve Babb, MPH CDC Office on Smoking and Health National Association of County and City Health Officials webcast January 24, 2007 The Health Consequences.
Lesson 38 Bellringer List the types of tobacco you have seen advertised or used. How do these products harm your health?
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