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Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care Chapter Twelve Blood.

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care Chapter Twelve Blood."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care Chapter Twelve Blood

2 Objectives Describe the important components and major functions of blood Describe the important components and major functions of blood Discuss the composition and functions of plasma Discuss the composition and functions of plasma Describe the origin and production of the formed elements in blood Describe the origin and production of the formed elements in blood Discuss the characteristics and functions of red blood cells Discuss the characteristics and functions of red blood cells

3 Objectives Explain the factors that determine a persons blood type and why blood types are important Explain the factors that determine a persons blood type and why blood types are important Categorize the various white blood cells on the basis of their structures and functions Categorize the various white blood cells on the basis of their structures and functions Describe the mechanisms that reduce blood loss after an injury Describe the mechanisms that reduce blood loss after an injury

4 The Functions of Blood Transportation of dissolved gasses, nutrients, hormones, and metabolic waste Transportation of dissolved gasses, nutrients, hormones, and metabolic waste The regulation of pH and electrolyte composition of interstitial fluids throughout the body The regulation of pH and electrolyte composition of interstitial fluids throughout the body The restriction of fluid losses through damaged vessels or at other injury sites The restriction of fluid losses through damaged vessels or at other injury sites Defense against toxins and pathogens Defense against toxins and pathogens The stabilization of body temperature The stabilization of body temperature

5 The Composition of Blood Blood Collection Analysis Blood Collection Analysis

6 Plasma Differences between Plasma and Interstitial Fluid Differences between Plasma and Interstitial Fluid Plasma Proteins Plasma Proteins

7 Formed Elements Production of Formed Elements Production of Formed Elements

8 Sickling of Red Blood Cells

9 Formed Elements Red Blood Cells Red Blood Cells Structure of RBCs Structure of RBCs Hemoglobin Structure and Function Hemoglobin Structure and Function RBC Life Span and Circulation RBC Life Span and Circulation Hemoglobin Conservation and Recycling Hemoglobin Conservation and Recycling Red Blood Cell Formation Red Blood Cell Formation Stages of RBC Maturation Stages of RBC Maturation The Regulation of Erythropoiesis The Regulation of Erythropoiesis

10 Formed Elements Red Blood Cells Red Blood Cells Blood Types Blood Types Antibodies and Cross- Reactions Antibodies and Cross- Reactions

11 Formed Elements White Blood Cells White Blood Cells WBC Circulation and Movement WBC Circulation and Movement General Functions General Functions Neutrophils Neutrophils Eosinophils Eosinophils Basophils Basophils Monocytes Monocytes Lymphocytes Lymphocytes T cells T cells B cells B cells Natural killer (NK) Natural killer (NK) Differential count and Changes in WBC Profiles Differential count and Changes in WBC Profiles White Blood Cell Formation White Blood Cell Formation

12 White Blood Cells

13 Origins and Differentiation of Blood Cells

14 Formed Elements Platelets Platelets

15 Hemostasis The Clotting Phase The Clotting Phase Extrinsic, Intrinsic, and Common Pathways Extrinsic, Intrinsic, and Common Pathways

16 Hemostasis Clot Retraction and Removal Clot Retraction and Removal

17 Summary

18 Emergency Care Applications Chapter 12

19 Blood Banking and Transfusion Red Blood Cells Red Blood Cells Plasma Plasma Platelets Platelets White Blood Cells White Blood Cells Plasma Derivatives Plasma Derivatives

20 Blood Transfusion Reactions

21 Thrombolytic Therapy: The Era of Reperfusion Acute Coronary Syndrome Acute Coronary Syndrome Acute Ischemic Stroke Acute Ischemic Stroke Pulmonary Embolus Pulmonary Embolus Deep Vein Thrombosis Deep Vein Thrombosis Peripheral Arterial Occlusion Peripheral Arterial Occlusion

22 Summary


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