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Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care"— Presentation transcript:

1 Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care
Chapter Twelve Blood

2 Objectives Describe the important components and major functions of blood Discuss the composition and functions of plasma Describe the origin and production of the formed elements in blood Discuss the characteristics and functions of red blood cells

3 Objectives Explain the factors that determine a person’s blood type and why blood types are important Categorize the various white blood cells on the basis of their structures and functions Describe the mechanisms that reduce blood loss after an injury

4 The Functions of Blood Transportation of dissolved gasses, nutrients, hormones, and metabolic waste The regulation of pH and electrolyte composition of interstitial fluids throughout the body The restriction of fluid losses through damaged vessels or at other injury sites Defense against toxins and pathogens The stabilization of body temperature

5 The Composition of Blood
Blood Collection Analysis

6 Plasma Differences between Plasma and Interstitial Fluid
Plasma Proteins

7 Formed Elements Production of Formed Elements

8 Sickling of Red Blood Cells

9 Formed Elements Red Blood Cells Structure of RBC’s
Hemoglobin Structure and Function RBC Life Span and Circulation Hemoglobin Conservation and Recycling Red Blood Cell Formation Stages of RBC Maturation The Regulation of Erythropoiesis

10 Formed Elements Red Blood Cells Blood Types
Antibodies and Cross-Reactions

11 Formed Elements White Blood Cells WBC Circulation and Movement
General Functions Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils Monocytes Lymphocytes T cells B cells Natural killer (NK) Differential count and Changes in WBC Profiles White Blood Cell Formation

12 White Blood Cells

13 Origins and Differentiation of Blood Cells

14 Formed Elements Platelets

15 Hemostasis The Clotting Phase
Extrinsic, Intrinsic, and Common Pathways

16 Hemostasis Clot Retraction and Removal

17 Summary

18 Emergency Care Applications
Chapter 12

19 Blood Banking and Transfusion
Red Blood Cells Plasma Platelets White Blood Cells Plasma Derivatives

20 Blood Transfusion Reactions

21 Thrombolytic Therapy: The Era of Reperfusion
Acute Coronary Syndrome Acute Ischemic Stroke Pulmonary Embolus Deep Vein Thrombosis Peripheral Arterial Occlusion

22 Summary

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