Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction Plans: Lincoln vs. Johnson"— Presentation transcript:
1Reconstruction Plans: Lincoln vs. Johnson September 5, 2013
2Lincoln’s 10 Percent Plan (1863) Amnesty if proclaim loyalty to Union & free slavesNEED: 10% voters to proclaim loyalty & allowed to form state gov’tNew state go v’t outlaw slaveryRe-enter Union with full state benefits & representation in CongressGOAL: End WarCongress feels 10% too lenientCongress passes Wade-Davis BillREQUIRES: 50% loyalty oathPLUS: Iron-Clad OathTestify never aided or abetted rebellionOath required to VOTE and serve in state gov’tGOAL: Ensure UNIONISTS in gov’t (not Confederates)Lincoln VETOES
3Andrew Johnson’s Plan: Limit Freedman’s Bureau (no 40 acres) Take loyalty oath to receive pardon for participation in rebellionAnd…Confederate leaders and wealthy farmers could appeal directly to Johnson for pardon13,000 pardonedRegain citizenship & all property (except slaves)Begin voting & form state gov’tNo concern for freed African AmericansGOAL: Wrap up Reconstruction quicklyWHO’S PLAN WOULD YOU CHOOSE? WHY OR WHY NOT?
4Southern State Governments Restore Confederate leaders to POWERBlack CodesModeled off of slave codes that existed before Civil WarLegalized marriage & allowed to own/ sell propertyNO (1) serve on jury (2) testify against white person in court (3) interracial marriageAnd special rules in some areas:1. No African American in Mississippi could own/ rent farmland2. African American criminals hired out as laborers to WHITE landownersConsequences of BLACK CODES???