Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction Plans: Lincoln vs. Johnson"— Presentation transcript:
1 Reconstruction Plans: Lincoln vs. Johnson September 5, 2013
2 Lincoln’s 10 Percent Plan (1863) Amnesty if proclaim loyalty to Union & free slavesNEED: 10% voters to proclaim loyalty & allowed to form state gov’tNew state go v’t outlaw slaveryRe-enter Union with full state benefits & representation in CongressGOAL: End WarCongress feels 10% too lenientCongress passes Wade-Davis BillREQUIRES: 50% loyalty oathPLUS: Iron-Clad OathTestify never aided or abetted rebellionOath required to VOTE and serve in state gov’tGOAL: Ensure UNIONISTS in gov’t (not Confederates)Lincoln VETOES
3 Andrew Johnson’s Plan: Limit Freedman’s Bureau (no 40 acres) Take loyalty oath to receive pardon for participation in rebellionAnd…Confederate leaders and wealthy farmers could appeal directly to Johnson for pardon13,000 pardonedRegain citizenship & all property (except slaves)Begin voting & form state gov’tNo concern for freed African AmericansGOAL: Wrap up Reconstruction quicklyWHO’S PLAN WOULD YOU CHOOSE? WHY OR WHY NOT?
4 Southern State Governments Restore Confederate leaders to POWERBlack CodesModeled off of slave codes that existed before Civil WarLegalized marriage & allowed to own/ sell propertyNO (1) serve on jury (2) testify against white person in court (3) interracial marriageAnd special rules in some areas:1. No African American in Mississippi could own/ rent farmland2. African American criminals hired out as laborers to WHITE landownersConsequences of BLACK CODES???