Presentation on theme: "Building Essays: Building Essays: Using the Four Square Writing Method"— Presentation transcript:
1Building Essays: Building Essays: Using the Four Square Writing Method English Language Fellow, Taiwan
2Objectives Participants will…… Become familiar with the Four Square Writing Model.Examine examples of the Four Square Writing Model.? Create your own essay usingthe Four Square Model.
3Judith S. Gould and Evan Jay Gould Teaching and Learning Company 1204 Buchanan St., P.O.Box 10 Carthage, IL
4We know different languages have a different structures for writing. IntroductionWe know different languages have a different structures for writing.English(1) Introduction /Topic:(2-3/4) ReasonDetailExample(4) Conclusion – Summarize, Re-state ThesisMandarin(1) Introduction/Topic(2) Expand on Topic(3) Compare & Contrast(4) Conclusion
5Introduction When we teach math give you formulas teach science we give you a scientific methodteach reading give you decoding skills4 Square Method is a way to learn to write.(for any grade or any subject)
6What is the 4 Square Writing Model? Four-Square writing is a method of teaching basic writing skills that is applicable across grade levels and curriculum areas.
8What is the 4 Square Writing Model? Prewriting and organizational skills are taught through the use of a graphic organizer.This visual and kinesthetic aid is employed to focus writing, to provide detail and to enhance word choice.The visual organizers help students toconceptualize, understand, and structure a piece of written discourse successfully.
9Guidelines Four-Square instruction should be done weekly to bi-weekly. It should be accompanied by other writing activities. Ex. Journal Writing It is recommended to use the same prompt repeatedly when introducing the steps because the familiarity will aid instruction. It is important for students to understand the relationship of ideas as demonstrated in the four square format before moving on to paragraphs.
114-Square Primary Categorizing with Words Zoolionzebramonkeyelephant
124-Square Primary Examples with a Feeling Sentence ZoolionzebramonkeyI like going to the zoo to see the animals
134-Square Primary Using Complete Sentences School is a great place.Complete Sentence:Box 2Reason:We learn here.Box 3We meet friends.Box 4We do experiments.Box 5Feeling:I love school.
14Writing a Paragraph School School is a great place. Paragraphs are several sentences on the same topic (5 or more).Now we will transfer the sentences from the four blocks to lined paper for paragraph building.While class modeling it is best to teach this.SchoolSchool is a great place.We learn here. We meetfriends. We do experi-ments. I love school.
15Adding More DetailTo move from a 5 sentence paragraph to an 8 sentence paragraph; go back to the 4 Square.Add one additional detail sentence in each box.Elaboration: tell more about the topic or tell what is so great about it.School is a great place.Complete Sentence:Reason: We learn here.Detail: I like to learn science.Reason: We meet friends.Detail: My best friend is in my class.Reason: We do experiments.Detail: I built a volcano yesterday.Feeling Sentence:I love school.
16School School is a great place. I like to learn science. It is my favorite subject.We meet many friends here. My bestfriend is in my class. Her name is Elsa.We do many experiments in school.I built a volcano yesterday. I love school.
17Moving to a Multiple Paragraph Essay School is a great place.Reason: Learn1. Read (ex. letter/sounds)2. Math (ex. numbers/ add)3. Science (ex. world)Reason: Friends1. Share lunches (ex. diff. food)2. Invite over (ex. after studying)3. Do homework together(ex. have Qs)Reason: Play1. In centers (ex. edu. game)2. On playground (ex. Recess)3. Recess (ex. 10 min. break)School is a great place because we learn, meet friends, and play.
18School School is a great place. We learn here. We learn letters and sounds for reading. We study numbersand addition for math. We are also taught about the world around us in science.We meet many friends at school. I like to share my lunch with my friends, so Iget different foods. I like to invite my friends from school over to my house whenwe are done studying. Sometimes, I need to ask my friends how to do thehomework assigned by the teacher.There are many opportunities to play during school. I can play educationalgames during centers. I play with my friends on the playground during recess.I also play with my friends during our 10 minute breaks between classes.School is a great place because we learn, meet friends, and play.
19Adding Connecting Words to Provide Transition Between Ideas By now the thesis is developing into three reasons.These reasons should be different from each other and therefore necessitate the use of transitions & connecting words.Connecting words can be explained as the “little sticking out part” of the puzzleConnecting words hold the different parts of the puzzle together!!
21Color the border of this wall poster green. One reasonFirstFor exampleOne exampleTo begin withTo start with
22Color the border of this wall poster yellow. SecondThirdAnother reasonAnother exampleAlsoAs well asTooIn additionAdditionally
23Color the border of this wall poster red. LastFinallyIn conclusionIn summaryIn shortSo you can seeAs one can seeTo summarizeHence
24Adding Connecting Words to Provide Transitions Between Ideas School is a great place.First,Learn1. Read2. Math3. scienceAlso,Friends1. Share lunches2. Invite over3. Do homework togetherIn addition,Play1. In centers2. On playground3. RecessAs you can see,School is a great place because we learn, meet friends, and play.
25School School is a great place. First, we learn here. We learn letters and sounds for reading. We study numbersand addition for math. We are taught about the world around us in science.Also, we meet many friends at school. I like to share my lunch with my friends, so Iget to try different foods. I like to invite my friends from school over to my house whenwe are done studying. Sometimes, I need to ask my friends how to do the homeworkassigned by the teacher.In addition, there are many opportunities to play during school. I can play educationalduring centers. I play with my friends on the playground during recess. I also playwith my friends during our 10 minute breaks between classes.As you can see, school is a great place because we learn, meet friends, and play.
26Expanding the Introduction Use the Same Graphic Organizer!Topic Sentence(Center of 4 Square & Box 2)Prepare your Readers(Give them a little more information inboxes ¾)Wrap-Up Sentence(Without connecting word in box 5)
27Expanding the Introduction UltimatumQuestionProverbQuoteSchool is a great place.Hook:For students, this environment can be either a prison or a gateway for freedom, however;Prepares Readers:You can expand your mind and socialize with many new companions.Ideas are created and formed as you prepare for the future.Wrap-Up Sentence:School is a great place because we learn, meet friends, and play.
28Improving the Concluding Paragraph Wrap-Up Sentence with Connecting Word / WordsPersonal / Reflective Sentence, Question, or ExclamationExample:As you can see, school is a great place because we learn, meet friends, and play. I will always cherish the friendships and relationships I made while learning.
29ALWAYS MODEL!When moving from the information from the 4-Square to the multiple paragraph essay, model by:The whole class builds a 4-Square.Build the story one sentence at a timeAs the composition is built one sentence at a time, students copy it down.During this time, the teacher integrates rules of composition.
30Make Your Own 4-Square Template Connecting Word:_______________________________1.2.3.(4.)________________________________.Wrap-Up Sentence:________________________________________________________________________________________________
31Different Types of Essays Expository-Usually nouns in boxes 2-4Narrative-Boxes 2-4 are events or verbsDescriptive & Persuasive-Information in boxes 2-4
32Narrative In the beginning Cat food commercial came on Dancing cats Singing about foodI said “How cute”During the commercialMy cat got angryArched his backHis hair stood upHissed aloudJust thenHe spoke to meCalled the commercial foolishSaid the food was grossTold me never to buy it againSince that dayNever spoken againStopped buying foodMy cat is not allowed to watch TV.The day my pet spoke to me Who? My cat and I What? Relaxing Where? At home When? In the evening Why? It had been a long day
33One evening I was relaxing at home One evening I was relaxing at home. My cat and I were watching television. It had been a long day, and I needed some time to wind down. In the beginning of our favorite show, a commercial came on for a brand of cat food I usually buy. This commercial had adorable little dancing cats. The cats were singing about the cat food. I thought it was cute, and I laughed out loud. During this commercial my cat got angry. He stood up and arched his back. The hair on his back was standing up. He let out an ear-splitting scream. Just then, he started talking. He called the commercial foolish and snarled at the television. My cat told me that brand of cat food was gross. Then he told me never to buy it again. I had always thought that he liked the stuff! Since that day my cat has not spoken again. I did stop buying that brand of cat food. But because of his ill-mannered hissing and growling, my cat has had a limit placed on his television time.
34Yankee Stadium is a beautiful place. Descriptive EssayOne reasonThe grassGreenNeatNo weedsAlsoMemorial ParkPlaquesJerseysBaseballsTooThe electricityAlways thereShouting fansMemory of greatnessAs one can seeYankee Stadium is a beautiful place because of the grass, Memorial Park and the electricity in the air.Yankee Stadium is a beautiful place.
35Yankee Stadium is a beautiful place Yankee Stadium is a beautiful place. The beauty can be seen in the grass and Memorial Park, and it can be felt in the electricity in the air. I love to visit there. One reason it is so beautiful is the grass. It is always frog-green. The lawn is manicured and perfectly cut. Weeds are prohibited from entering. Also, Memorial Park is a special place. One can view the plaques that have so delicately engraved in remembrance. There are jerseys to view that were well-worn by the greats. They have tattered, old baseballs which have priceless signatures. The electricity in the air is beautiful, too. It is always there, and you can see it in the eyes of the children visiting. The shouting of the fans sounds like the Mormon Tabernacle Choir to the ears of a baseball lover. One can sense the memory of greatness because their spirits live in the air at Yankee Stadium. As one can see, Yankee Stadium is a beautiful place because of the grass, Memorial Park and the electricity in the air. You should catch a game today.
36My home is a special place. Expository EssayOne reasonBig KitchenRoom to cookLots of foodBig refrigeratorAlsoFireplaceWarmCracklingSmoky smellThirdMy PorchScreenedRelaxingCoolIn summaryMy home is a special place because it has a big kitchen, a fireplace and a porch.My home is a special place.
37My home is a special place My home is a special place. It is special because it has a fireplace, a big kitchen, and a porch. It is a wonderful place to live. One reason my home is special is because I love my big kitchen. It has plenty of room to cook. There is a lot of room for all the food I like to eat. I like my large refrigerator most of all. Also, my fireplace is wonderful. On chilly nights it keeps my warm as a mitten. I love to listen to the crackling. The smoky smell reminds me of the days when I go camping. Third, my home has a terrific porch. The porch is screened, which is lucky for me. I am a bug magnet! My porch is a great place for relaxing. Even on warm nights the porch is cool because you can enjoy the evening breezes. In summary, my home is special because it has a big kitchen, a fireplace and a porch. I couldn’t imagine living anywhere else.
38Kids should get bigger allowances. Persuasive EssayOne reasonChoresTrashWalk dogDo dishesAlsoStudy HardSpellingMathScienceIn additionUse MannersPleaseThank youCover mouth when I yawnHenceKids should get bigger allowances because we do chores, study hard and use our manners.Kids should get bigger allowances.
39Kids should get bigger allowances because we do chores Kids should get bigger allowances because we do chores. Kids are always studying hard. We even use manners! It isn’t easy being a kid, and we deserve a little reward. One reason for a larger allowance is all the chores we do. We take out stinky trash every night. Walking the dog is really not fun. And who likes doing dishes? Also, kids study hard, and that should be worth something. Spelling words take a long time to learn. For math we have to add and subtract. Science homework keeps us busy, too. In addition, kids use their manners, so they should get something in return. Why do you think we say “please”? “Thank you” is another way we are polite. Let’s face it, we don’t cover our mouths while yawning for nothing. Hence, kids should get bigger allowances because we do chores, study hard and use our manners. How can you disagree?
40Four Square in the Language Classroom Four square is a way to organize thoughts. It is not the writing program. However, four square exercises can be published by following the writing process.Brainstorming: Generating ideasOrganizing: Four square or other methodsDrafting: Rough or first draftRevising: Revision of content and styleEditing: Editing for surface features, punctuation, spelling, capitals, etc.Remember this is a slow process. Try not to over teach.
41Other UsesSpeeches: Use the format for organizing and giving a speech.Reading Comprehension:Have Ss create a 4-Square from a passage written by an author. Discuss the organization.Have students create a 4-Square using a paper written by another student.Cut apart a Ss composition by sentences. Have Ss draw a sentence at a time and reconstruct the composition, then reproduce it on char paper.
42Volcanoes are a powerful, natural force. Other UsesAn excellent way to review or summarize information learned about a specific process.VolcanoesWhat are they?Where are they?How do they operate?Volcanoes are a powerful, natural force.CommunityWorkersResourcesTransportationThe workers, resources, and transportation are important to a community.
44CHOICE! Select a person in one of the folders and describe their life. AthletesScientistsAuthorsMusiciansArtistsPolitical LeadersFilm Stars
45Directions to one place to another Letter to the editor Writing Bingo Try for one more BINGO this month. Be sure to use your writing goals and our class rubric to guide your work.RecipeThank- you NoteDirections to one place to anotherLetter to the editorRules for a gamerequest for InformationInvitationLetter to a pen pal, friend or relativeSkit or sceneInterviewFREEYOUR ChoiceNewspaper ArticleShort StorySchedule for your workGrocery or shopping listAdvertisementCartoon StripInstructionsGreeting CardPoemProposal to Improve SomethingLetter to Your TeacherJournal for a WeekDesign a web pageBook Think Aloud
46Let’s Try! Prepare the graphic organizer. Now fold your paper into 4 squares.
47Writing PromptsWriting Situation: Everyone has a fond memory of a special birthday.Think about a birthday that stood out among all the others.Directions for Writing: Write a paragraph/ essay telling about your favorite birthday.
48I will never forget my sixth birthday. Early in the day,After lunch,My grandmother threw me a surprise party.My parents gave me a wonderful gift.favorite caketons of presentsexciting gamesgolden retrievernamed Goldiebest friendI will never forget my sixth birthday.Later,My friends and I went to the zoo.Indeed,It was the best birthday ever.elephant ridewalked for milesrode train
49Getting a year older may be bad for some, but I will never forget my sixth birthday. The attention that I received from friends and family made me feel warm inside. It was a very special day for me.Early in the day, my grandmother threw me a surprise party. She baked my favorite chocolate fudge cake. I got tons of presents. We had such fun playing exciting games.After lunch, my parents gave me a wonderful gift. They surprised me with a golden retriever puppy. I named her Goldie. She is my best friend today.Later, my friends and I went to the zoo. We rode the elephants. The zoo was so large we walked for miles. Finally we gave up and rode the train.Indeed, it was the best birthday ever. The wonderful surprises from my family and friends will stay with me forever.
50____________________________________ ________________________________________________FeelingSentence:____________________________Directions: Complete the four square with three sentences and a feeling sentence. Then write the paragraph on the lines below.It’s great to have a pet.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
51Writing Assessment Scoring Rubric CriteriaScore 1DeficientScore 2FlawedScore 3LimitedScore 4 CompetentScore 5StrongScore 6 OutstandingOrganizationIncoherentWeak organizationInadequate organizationAdequately organizedGenerally well organizedWell organizedDevelopmentUndevelopedNo detailsNot developedLittle or no relevant detailsDoes not explain develop key ideasDevelopedExplains and illustrates some key ideasGenerally well developedExplains and illustrates most key ideasWell developedClearly explains and illustrates key ideasLanguage SyntaxLimited or inappropriate word choiceAdequate facility in the use of languageDemonstrates some syntactic varietyFacility in use of languageStrong Syntactic varietyMechanicsSerious and persistent writing errorsSerious errors in mechanics, usage, sentence structure, or word choiceAccumulation of errors in mechanics, usage, sentence structureSome errors in mechanics/ usageGenerally few errors in mechanics/usageFew errors in mechanics/ usage
52Resources to Help!Four Square Writing Method: A Unique Approach to Teaching Basic Writing Skills for Grades 1-3 by Judith S. Gould.Four Square Writing Method Grade 4-6 by Judith S. Gould.Four Square: The Total Writing Classroom for grades 5-9 by Judith S. Gould.Writing Workouts That Work: By the Authors of Four Square Writing by Judith Gould.