Presentation on theme: "FORMS of GOVERNMENT SS6CG4: The student will compare and contrast various forms of government."— Presentation transcript:
1FORMS of GOVERNMENTSS6CG4: The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
2FORMS of GOVERNMENT SS7CG4: a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federalESSENTIAL QUESTIONHow is power distributed in different forms of government (unitary, confederation, and federal)?
3Social Studies Theme: GOVERNANCE The student will understand that as society increases in complexity and interacts with other societies, the complexity of the government increases.
4Types of DistributionThere are three (3) basic types of ways in which power is distributed, or spread throughout a government: to spread power throughout governmentUnitaryConfederationFederalThese terms are just words to describe WHO has the power in the government, WHO is the decision maker.
5Types of Distribution UNITARY: a form of government in which power is held by one central authorityExamples of Unitary governments:Dictatorship, absolute monarchyCountries with Unitary governments:North Korea, Saudi Arabia
6Types of Distribution Confederation voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation.In simpler terms, it means that groups get together to voluntarily work together for each other’s benefit. It is not required that they work together. Each group may choose to leave the confederation at any time.
7Types of Distribution Confederation (continued) Usually created by a treaty, in today’s world, confederations are mostly created for common action towards other statesTypes of Leaders:Secretary-General (UN) United NationsExample: League of Arab States, OPEC
8Types of Distribution Federal: A form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authoritiesTypes of leaders:Presidents, Prime MinistersExample of Federal government in ME-Israel
9In a unitary government system, most of the power is in the hands of Individual votersKings and advisorsC. Local governmentsD. Central government
10Which of the following countries would be a good example of a unitary government? IsraelB. LebanonC. Saudi ArabiaD. United States
11In a confederation government, most of the power is in the hands of the LegislatureB. Individual votersC. Local governmentsD. Central government
12What is a weakness of a confederation government system? A confederation is very expensiveB. Confederations are too large to rule effectivelyC. A confederation does not share power with its members.D. The central government has only as much power as the local governments are willing to give.
13Which Middle Eastern country would be a good example of a federal system of government? IranB. IsraelC. KuwaitD. Saudi Arabia