Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Your Name Your Institution.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Your Name Your Institution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Your Name Your Institution Date Research and Assessment Techniques: Focus Groups

2 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Overview

3 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Outcomes 1. Compare focus group approach with other approaches 2. Plan a focus group session 3. Develop a focus group discussion guide 4. Facilitate a focus group 5. Analyze focus group results

4 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Icebreaker Using the “When and When Not to Use Focus Group Interviews” checklist, select in which items a focus group should be used.

5 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Purpose and Use A focus group is used to: U nderstand the range of opinions, feelings, ideas, thoughts or behaviors among a group of people with similar characteristics or interests. A focus group is not used to: Build consensus, resolve conflict or understand what people with divergent experiences believe on a wide range of topics.

6 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Other Qualitative Approaches Delphi Method Brainstorming Survey Research Interactive Qualitative Analysis (IQA) Nominal Group Technique (NGT)

7 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Focus Group Characteristics

8 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Primary Characteristics Moderator’s Role Non-directive; facilitates discussion, probes to understand details and nuances of comments Size and Composition 3-6 sessions of 5-12 participants each Homogeneous groups Focused Discussions Questions are open-ended and sequenced Guided questions with spontaneous probing

9 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Focus Group Components 1. Determine the purpose 2. Formulate the research question 3. Identify the participant characteristics 4. Identify who and how the information will be used 5. Develop the discussion guide 6. Schedule sessions and recruit participants

10 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges The Planning Guide Action Research What is the question the research will help answer? What is the research assumption or hypothesis? What specific traits or characteristics are needed in the population? Who will use the information? How will the information be used? SLO Assessment What is the SLO you want to assess? What is the SLO criteria? Which segment of the population is the SLO targeting? Will the information be shared with your colleagues? How will the information be used?

11 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Interactive Activity Develop a Guide: Use the “Focus Group Planning” template to develop a Planning Guide for your focus group research or assessment.

12 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges The Discussion Guide Question Routing Easy beginning Sequencing General before specific Positive before negative Uncued before cued Categories of Questions Opening questions Introductory questions Transition questions Key questions Closing questions

13 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Question Categories Opening Purpose of the focus group and ground rules Tell us your name and how many semesters you’ve attended the college Introduction How did you learn about this class or service? How often or when do you go to class or use this service? Transition Think back to when you took your first class or first used the service. What was your impression?

14 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Question Categories Key Questions What was particularly helpful? What was particularly frustrating or not helpful? How has your learning experience changed as a result of this class or service? Closing What advice would you give to improve this class or service? Is there anything I missed that you would like to add?

15 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Writing Good Questions Be conversational and informal Avoid jargon; use language participants will know Be clear and concise; eliminate questions with multiple questions in one (barreling) Ask open-ended questions but avoid “why” so as not to appear judgmental or disapproving Phrase questions to allow participants to respond based on experience: “think back”

16 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Interactive Activity Develop a discussion guide using one of the sample research or SLO topics in the Planning Guide, or one you’ve created. Follow the general routing and category of questions: 1. Opening 2. Introduction 3. Transition 4. Key Questions 5. Closing

17 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Activities to Engage Participants Listing items Rating items Picture/card sorting Drawing pictures Imagining/visualizing Developing a campaign

18 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Facilitating the Focus Group Necessary Skills and Preparation Have a friendly, inviting, non-judgmental attitude Practice active listening; resist personal views Know the subject matter, the environment and the discussion guide Essential Techniques Pause Probe Acknowledge verbally and non-verbally

19 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Interactive Activity Ask the person next to you a focused question and use the following three techniques to practice interviewing: 1.Five second pause 2.Probe for further explanation, examples or details 3.Acknowledge without agreement or disagreement either verbally or non-verbally

20 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Analyzing the Results Review the Purpose Content Analysis Process 1.Review the comments/transcripts 2.Extract the major themes or concepts 3.Group comments by major themes 4.Identify key descriptors within themes 5.Summarize the themes using the descriptors 6.Add your conclusions and recommendations

21 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Content Analysis Sample Themes Quality of Instructor Descriptors Helpful instructors Available when I need them Knowledgeable Concerned with my success

22 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Interactive Activity Conduct a content analysis by extracting themes and descriptors from the sample focus group interview results and summarize the results.

23 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges References Focus Groups, Krueger and Casey Interactive Qualitative Analysis, Northcutt and McCoy

24 Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges The BRIC Initiative BRIC: The RP Group: Contact: Rob Johnstone Project Director, Priyadarshini Chaplot Project Coordinator,


Download ppt "Bridging Research, Information and Culture An Initiative of the Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges Your Name Your Institution."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google