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EC Strategy Implementation Coping with Transformation ------------------- Dick Scudder.

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Presentation on theme: "EC Strategy Implementation Coping with Transformation ------------------- Dick Scudder."— Presentation transcript:

1 EC Strategy Implementation Coping with Transformation Dick Scudder

2 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 2 Shifting Economics Value of products and the value of information breaking apart Grocery retailing – product value low, selection information value low Book selling – product value high, selection information high Allows for electronic search as a tool to be more valuable to book business than the grocery business

3 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 3 Implications Every business is an information business. Information is the glue that holds value chains and organizations together. The glue is melting.

4 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 4 Imbedded Information With most businesses and products there is a trade-off between richness and reach. Disconnect the information from the product and you find opportunities

5 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 5 Richness vs Reach Richness: Quality of information Amount of information Accuracy, bandwidth, interactivity, security Reach How many people can share the information Evans and Worster. 2000

6 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 6 Sharing Information Rich information tends to be shared with a small number of people Information reach tends to dilute the richness of the information Traditional Trade-off Richness Reach Evans and Wurster, HBR, 1997.

7 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 7 Positioning Richness Reach GM - EDI SPAM

8 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 8 Future Mix Reach Enablers: Explosion of Connectivity Universal Standards Richness

9 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 9 Standards Many lower level, technical standards already in place IP, HTML, XML Higher level standards will continue to be built on lower standards EDI, MRO, and other standards add richness to reach

10 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 10 Standards The richness of the use the standards will continue to increase. Reach is constrained only by the number of people using the standards. Watch for opportunities: OFX (Microsoft, Intuit) financial standard for personal finance ?

11 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 11 Moores Law Revisited Centralized Decentralized Data Simple Complex Networks Accounting Internet Next: Richness or Reach BOTH

12 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 12 Deconstruction Separation of the economics of information Blow-up of the trade-off between richness and reach

13 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 13 The Newspaper Business Bundle of Services Writing Economies of Scale for printing News Advertising Vertical and horizontal value chains

14 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 14 The Newspaper Business Not just replacement by screens, but Deconstruction of the business - - Content no longer bound by printing press On-line journalism Tailored news systems On-line advertising – classifieds are 40% of profit

15 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 15 Automotive Industry Another bundle of services: Information on models and options Test drives Finance brokering Maintenance Used car market

16 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 16 Automotive Industry Based on the logic of one-stop shopping Fewer problems getting rid of an old car Lack of information Manufacturer warranty Immediate delivery Profit is not in cars but in other products and services

17 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 17 Opportunities Less efficient distribution mechanism than centralized auto plazas Product information value is negative Exploits fear and ignorance

18 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 18 Opportunities Websites from manufacturers, consumer reports Financing via Quicken, other web sites Independent maintenance facilities Test drives by Hertz

19 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 19 Implications Competition is unbundled. Competition escalates Different opportunities for the physical value chain Many wholesalers, retailers and distributors are being disintermediated Navigators emerge

20 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 20 Implications Information businesses increase in value Information businesses follow different rules: Standards control Preemptive critical mass Alliances Adapting to order of magnitude shifts in technology Shifting business boundaries

21 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 21 Assessing Risk How do information economics shape your organization? How can new technologies shift existing structures? How will new economic forces rebalance? Are there physical pieces as well as information pieces? Where is the value? Is there a place for critical mass?

22 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 22 Thinking it Through How do we do business with our customers? How do our vendors do business with us? How do we market to our customers? How do our suppliers market to us? How do we sell to our customers – catalogs, toll- free, on-line? How do our suppliers sell to us? What services do we offer our customers? What services do our vendors offer?

23 Dr. Scudder Electronic Commerce Implementation Slide 23 Thinking it Through How should we do business with our customers? How should our vendors do business with us? How should we market to our customers? How should our suppliers market to us? How should we sell to our customers – catalogs, toll- free, on-line? How should our suppliers sell to us? What services should we offer our customers? What services should our vendors offer?


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