Presentation on theme: "Marriage and Family Interaction"— Presentation transcript:
1 Marriage and Family Interaction Stress and the FamilyMarriage and Family InteractionHPER F258Kathleen R. Gilbert, Ph.D.Indiana University
2 For next classWrite a letter assignment atWe will discuss this at the beginning of class on April 17.
3 Functional and Dysfunctional Family Coping (Figley & McCubbin) Developed from 4,000 studies of stress and coping in familiesBoth normative and non-normative stressorsFamily focused, not individual (in fact, some things that are functional for family may or may not be functional for individuals (and vice versa)
4 Identification of the stressor F = clear and acceptance, D = unclear and denialThey know what is causing the stress in the family and, at minimum, do not deny its seriousness or its reality.Denial may be functional coping for individuals but is not for family as a system.
5 Locus of the problem/solution F = family centered, D = individual centered“Ours” vs. “yours”Work together as a team
6 Approach to the problem/solution F = solution oriented, D = blame orientedLooking for ways to solve problem, resolve differences vs. getting “stuck” in looking for who to blameFuture orientation instead of pastMore positive view
7 Tolerance of others F = high, D = low This is tolerance of differences within the familyAgree to disagree
8 Commitment to and affection for family members F = clear and direct, D = unclear and indirectFamily is seen as of prime importanceSometimes willing to treat family as more important than selfAffection = “Doing out of caring”
9 Communication F = open and supportive, D = unclear and indirect No mixed messagesClear and focused on the issueNot intended to manipulate
10 Family cohesion F = high, D = low The closer the family is, the better Facilitates family working as a team to solve a problem or resolve an issue
11 Family roles F = flexible and shifting, D = rigid The more flexible the role assignments, the greater the likelihood that the family can adapt to deal with stress or disruption to the family system
12 Resource utilization F = balanced to high, D = low to none Availability AND willingness to use resourcesBoth internal and external resource are relevant, but if external not use, will deplete internal.(Also possible that is a problem if resources used so that they do not take back control/responsibilities)
13 Use of violence F = absent, D = present This includes all forms of the use of physical pain for controlIncludes corporal punishment of children
14 Use of drugs F = infrequent to none, D = frequent Seems obvious, but is not restricted to illegal drugs, also includes tobacco products and alcoholIncludes OTC (over-the-counter) and certain prescription drugs(as possible indicators of problems elsewhere)
15 Overall -- Movement toward recovery this is in addition to F&McC's listF = dynamic, D = static, regressiveThe general view of the family is that they are not “stuck” at some point in the resolution of the stress, but are moving forward with it.
16 Small group discussion -- How your family manages stress In your small group, discuss:How does your family deal with stress in conflicts? Consider the following:When is my family most 'vulnerable' to stress overload?When is conflict most likely to occur?How do I know tension is building?Words or phrases that usually "set people in my family off?Topics that we avoid to avoid conflict?Things I say to myself when tension is building in my family?How does my family respond in stressful situations
17 Final Thoughts on Lecture Material Identify one point in the lecture that you could use to deal with stress you might experience in any current relationship (romantic or otherwise).