13EDGAR DALE’S: THE CONE OF EXPERIENCE Verbal SymbolsVisual SymbolsRecordings, Radio, Still PicturesMotion PicturesEducational TelevisionExhibitsStudy TripsDemonstrationsDramatized ExperiencesContrived ExperiencesDirect Purposeful ExperiencesEDGAR DALE’S: THE CONE OF EXPERIENCE
14Direct Purposeful Experiences First hand experience that serve as the foundation of learning.Learning by doing.We build up our reservoir of meaningful information and ideas through seeing, hearing, touching, tasting and smelling.
15Contrived Experiences We make use of a representative models or mock ups of reality for practical reasons.So that we can make the reality accessible to the students’ perceptions and understanding. E.g. clock for elementary students.
16Dramatized Experiences By dramatization, we can participate in a reconstructed experience even though the original event is far removed from us in time.
17DemonstrationsA visualized explanation of an important fact, idea, or process by the use of photographs, drawings, films, displays, or guided motion.Showing how things are done.
18Study TripsExcursions or visits conducted to observe an event that is unavailable inside the classroom.
20Television & Motion Pictures Reconstruct reality of the past so effectively.
21Recordings, Radio, Still Pictures These are visual and auditory devices may be used by individual or group.
22Visual SymbolsNo longer realistic reproduction of physical things for these are highly abstract representation.Charts, graphs, maps, diagramWe build up our reservoir of meaningful information and ideas through seeing, hearing, touching, tasting and smelling.
23Verbal SymbolsThese are not like object or ideas for which they stand. They usually do not contain a visual clues to their meaning.
24What are the implications of the cone of experience in the teaching learning process?
25Do not use only one medium of communication. Do not proceed with the abstract without adequate foundation of the concrete.
26Don’t get stuck with the concrete Don’t get stuck with the concrete. Let us strive to bring our students to the symbolic abstract level to develop their higher thinking skills.
30How does the dictum in philosophy “there is nothing in mind that was not first in the senses” relate what you learned from the cone of experience?
31Alfred North Whitehead said: “In the Garden of Eden, Adam saw the animals before he named them. In the traditional system, children name the animals before they see them.” How would you relate this remark to the Cone of Experience?