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2 Jerzy M Langer Academia Europaea, London, Inst Phys, Polish Acad Sci, Warsaw Municipality of Wroclaw, Wroclaw Smart Investment for Smart Specialization, Jachranka, Poland,27/8 June 2012

3 Phd grad ths EU US 52 In S&E Patents/mln inh EU US 106 Publications 38% 31% but  The EU contributes less than the US to high-impact publications  The EU is not specialised in the most dynamic research disciplines  Most Nobel Prize winners come from the USA (expats and emigrants)  Highest impact technologies come from the USA  Highest ranked universities are in the USA and  Largest growth in HE and S&T is in Asia and Brasil !!!

4 USAEUROPE population researchers1.461,58 (2,43) Total deficit-0,85 GDP13,114,1 USAEUROPE HE +RTO0,350,91 (0,6) business1,130,67 (1,88) Deficit in business-1,2

5 How to address the young generation of talented Europeans to regain their trust, confidence and the will to build their personal future HERE - in Europe ? Polish problem vis a vis Europe is the same as Europe vis a vis the USA

6 EU -2718,8 mln USA19,1 mln JAPAN3,8 mln 5 mln students in EU -10 (NMS )

7 7 Europe cries for the huge outflow of young educated Europeans to the USA, but MC fellows net flow shows the same but inside Europe Internal European brain drain

8 8

9 The NMS (EU-12) today are subsidising EU-15, In the H2020 it will be worse

10 10 A huge and so far unused potential lies dormant in the new EU states The EU should seek to redress the imbalance by establishing research infrastructures in struggling countries. Miroslav Topolanek – Czech Prime Minister, 2009 In a time of crisis, it is necessary to develop a more inclusive programme that without compromising the excellence will equally recognize talent all over Europe. EU-12 Science Ministers, 23 May 2012

11 Source: P.Godin, DG REG, Eureka Acad, Brussels, 18 Jan, 2012 ERDF Total 255 bln €

12 Source: P.Godin, DG REG, Eureka Acad, Brussels, 18 Jan, bln € 92 bln €

13  SF is the EU –”Marshall Plan”  NMS must invest and not just spend.  Building a pro-innovative capacity is a must  National policy must be backed by regional &metropolitan S 3 approach  Countries to follow: Finland, Israel, Korea, Norway Caring for talent is a priority

14 The talent is there !

15 Every 10th student in the EU is Polish

16 Number of S&T students ; average annual chang e

17 Malta (47.1%) and Poland (44.3%) had the highest national shares and Germany the lowest (around 22%) of young people employed in S&T (aged 25-34) among the total labour force in the age group. Southern Polish region had the highest share in the EU, with nearly 50% of its S&T workforce aged 25-34, whereas Germany's Thüringen had the lowest (14.7%) EUROSTAT May, 2008

18 USAEUROPEPoland population researchers1.461,58 (2,43),065 (,185,120) Total deficit-0,85-0,12 GDP13,114,1,4 USAEUROPEPoland HE +RTO0,350,91 (0,6),054 (,044,069) business1,130,71 (1,88),011 (,143,054) Deficit in business-1,2-0,13 (x12)

19 Yes, but before 1.Analysis of human capital and its perspective 2.Analysis of comparative advantages (no need to copy Silicon Valley) – ex ante analysis 3.Local strategy collectively (region, municipality, academics, business) 4.Agreement and determination to change old thinking (education !!!) Smart Specialisation Strategy


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