Presentation on theme: "l."— Presentation transcript:
Jerzy M Langer Academia Europaea, London, Inst Phys, Polish Acad Sci, Warsaw Municipality of Wroclaw, Wroclaw Smart Investment for Smart Specialization, Jachranka, Poland,27/8 June 2012
Phd grad ths EU US 52 In S&E Patents/mln inh EU US 106 Publications 38% 31% but The EU contributes less than the US to high-impact publications The EU is not specialised in the most dynamic research disciplines Most Nobel Prize winners come from the USA (expats and emigrants) Highest impact technologies come from the USA Highest ranked universities are in the USA and Largest growth in HE and S&T is in Asia and Brasil !!!
USAEUROPE population researchers1.461,58 (2,43) Total deficit-0,85 GDP13,114,1 USAEUROPE HE +RTO0,350,91 (0,6) business1,130,67 (1,88) Deficit in business-1,2
How to address the young generation of talented Europeans to regain their trust, confidence and the will to build their personal future HERE - in Europe ? Polish problem vis a vis Europe is the same as Europe vis a vis the USA
EU -2718,8 mln USA19,1 mln JAPAN3,8 mln 5 mln students in EU -10 (NMS )
7 Europe cries for the huge outflow of young educated Europeans to the USA, but MC fellows net flow shows the same but inside Europe Internal European brain drain
The NMS (EU-12) today are subsidising EU-15, In the H2020 it will be worse
10 A huge and so far unused potential lies dormant in the new EU states The EU should seek to redress the imbalance by establishing research infrastructures in struggling countries. Miroslav Topolanek – Czech Prime Minister, 2009 In a time of crisis, it is necessary to develop a more inclusive programme that without compromising the excellence will equally recognize talent all over Europe. EU-12 Science Ministers, 23 May 2012
SF is the EU –”Marshall Plan” NMS must invest and not just spend. Building a pro-innovative capacity is a must National policy must be backed by regional &metropolitan S 3 approach Countries to follow: Finland, Israel, Korea, Norway Caring for talent is a priority
The talent is there !
Every 10th student in the EU is Polish
Number of S&T students ; average annual chang e
Malta (47.1%) and Poland (44.3%) had the highest national shares and Germany the lowest (around 22%) of young people employed in S&T (aged 25-34) among the total labour force in the age group. Southern Polish region had the highest share in the EU, with nearly 50% of its S&T workforce aged 25-34, whereas Germany's Thüringen had the lowest (14.7%) EUROSTAT May, 2008
USAEUROPEPoland population researchers1.461,58 (2,43),065 (,185,120) Total deficit-0,85-0,12 GDP13,114,1,4 USAEUROPEPoland HE +RTO0,350,91 (0,6),054 (,044,069) business1,130,71 (1,88),011 (,143,054) Deficit in business-1,2-0,13 (x12)
Yes, but before 1.Analysis of human capital and its perspective 2.Analysis of comparative advantages (no need to copy Silicon Valley) – ex ante analysis 3.Local strategy collectively (region, municipality, academics, business) 4.Agreement and determination to change old thinking (education !!!) Smart Specialisation Strategy