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1 Background EEA A European Union institution Established by EU Regulation Staff: about 80 Budget: ca. 20 Meuro Seat: Copenhagen EEA home page:

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Presentation on theme: "1 Background EEA A European Union institution Established by EU Regulation Staff: about 80 Budget: ca. 20 Meuro Seat: Copenhagen EEA home page:"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Background EEA A European Union institution Established by EU Regulation Staff: about 80 Budget: ca. 20 Meuro Seat: Copenhagen EEA home page:

2 2 The EEA mission “Through the provision of timely, targeted, relevant and reliable information to policy making agents and the public, the EEA aims to help achieve significant and measurable improvement in Europe’s environment”

3 3..serve the countries and the Commission… Countries Commission Information from EEA Policy development Implementation, compliance

4 4 EEA member and partner countries EU Member States + Norway Iceland Liechtenstein +East Europe, Malta, Cyprus (members in 2001) NIS

5 5 Main EEA reports 1999 : Environment in the EU at the turn of the century (State and Outlook/Scenarios) 2000 and 2001 : Environmental signals and Transport and environment report (indicator based reports) 2002 : Europe's Environment : third Assessment (Kiev report) 2004 : next State and Outlook report

6 EIONET E uropean Environmental Information and Observation Network National Focal Points National Reference Centres European Topic Centres (Air and climate change; Water; Waste; Nature and Biodiversity; Terrestrial Environment) Other institutes

7 7 The European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC) Established March 2001 for three years A truly European consortium Lead organization: RIVM, the Netherlands (co- lead UBA Germany) Around 8 manyear/year

8 8 ETC Air and Climate Change consortium Institute of public health and environment (RIVM)Netherlands (Lead) Umweltbundesamt (UBA Berlin) Germany Umweltbundesamt (UBA Vienna)Austria Norwegian Air Research Centre (NILU)Norway EMEP Centres (CIAM/IIASA and MSCW/DNMI)Austria/Norway(Int) Technical University Athens (NTUA)Greece Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUT) TNO-MEPNetherlands AEA TechnologyUnited Kingdom Oeko-instituteGermany Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMU)Slovakia Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI)Czech Republic

9 9 Main objectives for ETC Air and Climate Change 1.To contribute to EEA main reports through assessments on climate change and air pollution (past trends, current state and outlooks); 2.To implement data collection and information systems to deliver indicators for EEA reports and policy support (EUROAIRNET, AIRBASE, CORINAIR) and to work with countries, Commission and international organisations to further streamline information gathering and reporting procedures; 3.To provide support to the EU policy and legislative frameworks CAFE (and AQ Framework Dir) and ECCP (and GHG monitoring Mechanism) and international conventions (CLRTAP and UNFCCC/IPCC); 4.To support countries in their reporting to the Commission and international organisations, and for inclusion in the ETC databases, by providing guidance/guidebooks, tools and by organising workshops.

10 10 Main policy support activities TAP = Transboundary Air Pollution EU LegislationTheme EU European Climate Change ProgrammeCC EU GHG Monitoring MechanismCC CAFE programmeAQ,TAP AQ Framework DirectiveAQ Daughter Directives, Ozone DirectiveAQ National Emission Ceilings (NEC) DirectiveAQ, TAP AQ Exchange of Information DecisionAQ Large Combustion Plant (LCP) Directive and Solvents Dir.AQ Directive on ozone deleting substances and revisionsStrat. O 3 IPPC Directive and EPER DecisionAll International conventions UNFCCCCC UNECE CLRTAPTAP TAP = Transboundary Air Pollution

11 11 ETC/ACC main products and services (1) Integrated assessment air pollution/climate change and contribute to main EEA reports (Kiev Report/Signals 2002, Energy and Environment 2001, EU 2004 State and Outlook) Core set of indicators AP/CC, including policy response indicators; study on CC impact indicators EIONET priority data flow progress reports, updates of databases and data exchange modules/tools (AIRBASE, CORINAIR, DEM AQ/AE)

12 12 ETC/ACC main products and services (2) Support to EU Monitoring Mechanism (including Kyoto requirements) Reports ‘EU and MS greenhouse gas emission trends 1990-1999’ and 'Analysis and comparison of national and EU projections of greenhouse emissions’ EU UNFCC Greenhouse Gas Inventory (also input to the EU Third UNFCCC Communication)

13 13 ETC/ACC main products and services (3) Support to the CAFE and related EU legislation Reports ‘Air Quality in Europe’ and 'Air Emission Trends 1980-1999 in Europe' EU CLRTAP/NECD annual emission inventory Report on ozone in EU summer 2001 Support to EU Pollutant Emission Register (IPPC)

14 14 ETC/ACC main products and services (4) Joint UNECE Task Force and EIONET Workshop on Emission Inventories and Projections (May 9-11) UNECE Task Force on Modelling/Measurement and EIONET Workshop on Air Quality Management/Assessment (29-30 May-1 June) Regular meetings Working Groups under EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism ('inventories' and 'policies/projections')

15 15 EEA/ETC Contributions to CAFE Support data flow and data access Produce air state and outlook reports and develop indicators Review sectoral emission projections Explore air-CC cross-benefits Link urban air quality to wider assessment framework Contribute to health impact studies

16 16

17 17 Emissions of acidifying gases

18 18 Spillover effects of climate change policies; acidification and tropospheric ozone policies and primary PM 10 measures in the accelerated policy scenario. Source: RIVM (2000)

19 19 O 3 : Average number of exceedance days in urban areas (8h >110 ug/m3) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1990199119921993199419951996199719981999 Average number of exceedance days Exceedance of the EU human health threshold value for ozone in urban areas in EEA18

20 20 Integrated Assessment energytransportindustryagriculturetourism Economy & population D P S CO2GHGSO2NHxVOCPM10NOx PM10O3NO2SO2PM10O3NO2SO2 Emissions Air quality regionalurban

21 21 Essential conditions for success Cooperation with other international organizations Close interaction with stakeholders Well connected to sectors Involving accession countries

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