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Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock Eduardo Riedel Vice-president Green Economy: Challenges and opportunities for Brazil.

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Presentation on theme: "Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock Eduardo Riedel Vice-president Green Economy: Challenges and opportunities for Brazil."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock Eduardo Riedel Vice-president Green Economy: Challenges and opportunities for Brazil

2 What is a green economy? UNEP’s Working Definition of a Green Economy A system of economic activities related to the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services that result in improved human wellbeing over the long term, while not exposing future generations to significant environmental risks and ecological scarcities. From the Zero Draft of the Rio +20 The green economy must contribute to achieving key targets, particularly poverty eradication, food security, water resources management, universal access to modern energy, sustainable cities, oceans management and improving disaster vigilance and endurance, as well as public health, development of human resources and sustained growth, inclusive and equitable, that generate jobs, including for young people.

3 Source: CEPEA/USP, CNA, BACEN, MAPA US$ 1 = R$ 1,674, avarage BACEN 2011  Brazil: 2400  Argentina: 580  Colombia: 480  Venezuela: 440  Peru: 370  Chile: 340  Equador: 112  Bolivia: 48 GDPs in South America in billion US$

4 Land use in Brazil Area preserved: 519,7 million hectars (61%) 425,7 95,8 236,0 94,0 Source: IBGE, Censo Agropecuário 2006 Country area: 851,5 million hectars

5 Source: CEPEA/USP, CNA, BACEN, MAPA US$ 1 = R$ 1,674, avarage BACEN 2011  20% of the US$ 2,4 trillion Brazilian GDP in 2011 Brazilian agribusiness  37% of the jobs in Brazil  37% of the US$ 256 billion Brazilian exports in 2011

6 Brazilian agribusiness  Sugar-cane (1 st exporter )  Soybeans and maize (1 st and 2 nd exporter )  Beef (2 nd exporter )  Afforestation (40 m 3 /ha/year) Global player for:

7  Lower rates of deforestation  Better use of areas already cultivated, (replacing poor pastures)  Compliance with environmental regulations ( Permanent Preservation Area and Legal Reserve )  Yields improvement with better carbon balance Brazilian agribusiness

8 Technology: basis for development of Brazilian agriculture Productivity kg/hectars In million tons 1976/ /11Growth % 46,9162,9247,13 37,349,933, , kg/hectars Brazil: evolution of the grain and fiber harvests Agricultural Savings 35 years Production (tons) Planted area (ha) Productivity

9 Strategic technologies No-till systems

10  Most of soybeans and maize cultivation (24 million ha)  Soil and water conservation  Allows two crops per year in certain regions  350 to 480 kg/ha Carbon sequestration on stabilized systems (60% of the area) Strategic technologies

11 Two crops a year (soybeans+maize )  7 million ha  Higher food and fiber production at lower costs  Very efficient land use  More efficient use of infrastructure, capital and labour  Market risk reduction Strategic technologies

12 Integrated agropastoral and agrosilvopastoral systems

13 Strategic technologies Integrated agropastoral and agrosilvopastoral systems

14 Strategic technologies Integrated agropastoral and agrosilvopastoral systems  Cheap pasture recovery for ranchers  Crop rotation and diversification for farmers  Optimization of fertilizers and residues use  Improved animal welfare and yields  Leads to social development (training and education)

15 Improving sown pastures Strategic technologies

16 Improving sown pastures Strategic technologies

17 Improving sown pastures  Changes from emission source to carbon sink  Soil and water preservation  Potential to more than double current yields of 60 kg beef/ha  Potential to avoid further deforestation  Leads to other improvements (genetics, feeding etc)

18 Afforestation Strategic technologies

19 Afforestation  5 million ha  Expressive growth over poor pastures  40 m 3 /ha/ano  34% for energy (heavy industries)  27% for timber Strategic technologies

20 Nitrogen Biological Fixation Soybeans Economy of 50 kgN-fertilizer/ha/year 3,5 kg CO 2 equiv /kgN-fetilizer over 24 million ha 4,2 million tons CO 2 equiv Sugar-cane Economy of 90 kg N-fertilizer/ha/year 3,5 kg CO 2 equic/kgN-fetilizer over 9,5 million ha 3 million tons CO 2 equiv Strategic technologies

21 World CO2 emissions CountriesEmissions of CO 2 China8.240,958 United States5.492,170 India2.069,738 Russia1.688,688 Japan1.138,432 Germany762,543 Brazil419,537 World33.508,901 Source: United States Department of Energy's Carbon, Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) for the United Nations Million Metric Ton. 1,3%

22 Avoiding deforestation How Brazil avoids emissions

23 Goals for Deforestation Reduction in the Amazon Biome 27,2 mil Km 2 6,6 mil Km 2 5,4 mil Km 2

24 Hydropower Bioenergy Biological Nitrogen Fixation Reducing beef cattle slaughtering age 1,5 ton CO 2 equiv/year/head 40 million head/year 60 million tons CO 2 equiv/year How Brazil avoids emissions

25 Rio+20 Expectations 1.A substantive move towards a new economy in the context of poverty eradication and sustainable development - green economy

26 2.A revised and strengthened concept of sustainable development in the UN context, and possibly the constitution of a Sustainable Development Council in the UN General Assembly WEO ?? Rio+20 Expectations

27 3.A better understanding of why previous agreements haven't been fully implemented - T aking action for implementation  Triple agenda  Effects on society  Lack of leadership Rio+20 Expectations

28 4.An agenda to positively address the link between environment and food security  Regarding food and bioenergy  Efficient natural resources use  Low carbon emission  Social inclusion Rio+20 Expectations

29 Danke!


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