2RuleUse the comparative form of an adjective to compare two people, places or things.After the comparative form, use than before the person, place, or thing you are comparing.I’m taller than she. (Formal)I’m taller than her. (informal)
3Always compare the same things. Alya’s name is shorter than Shaikha’s name.Alya’s name is shorter than Shaikha.You are comparing names, not people.
4Short adjectives One syllable adjectives Add –er old older than I’m older than my sister.Add only –r if the adjective already ends in –e.largeThe Pacific Ocean is larger than the Atlantic Ocean.
5Short adjectivesIf it ends in a consonant, vowel, and consonant, double the last consonant and add –er.thinthinnerAlya is thinner than Shaikha.
6Long adjectives two or more syllables add more before the adjective and than before the person or thing you are comparing.talkativemore talkative thanHe is more talkative than his brother.
7Long adjectives famous more famous than Dubai is more famous than Abu Dhabi.
8Long adjectives If it ends in –y, don’t use more. Instead, change the –y to –i, and add –er.busybusierWe are busier than they are.funnyfunnierMy joke is funnier than your joke.
9Exceptions tired, bored They are short adjectives, but they follow long adjective rules.more tired than and more bored than
10Exceptions quiet and simple They are long adjectives, but they follow short adjective rules.quieter thansimpler than
11less is opposite of more A car is more expensive than a bicycle.A bicycle is less expensive than a car.
12Irregular forms good good -> better bad bad -> worse far far -> farther
13Making a comparison stronger Use muchI am much taller than you are.This book is much more interesting than that other book.