2Push/Pull Factors Push Factors Pull Factors Factors causing people to leave a location.WarPovertyUnemploymentHuman Rights AbuseOvercrowdingNatural DisastersFactors attracting people to a new location.FreedomJobsBetter OpportunitiesEducationBetter Standard of LivingSecurity
12Economicsthe way people exchange goods and services.
13Economic Systems Free Enterprise Socialism Communism Government owns the things that used to make and transport products and there is no property owned privately .Examples: Cuba, North Korea, VietnamPrivate businesses are able to compete with each other with little control by the government.Example: United StatesMajor industries are owned and controlled by the government than by individual people and companies.Example: Egypt
14Free Enterprise People freely produce and buy what they want Prices are set by the consumers and producersPrices are set by the interaction of supply and demandProducers invest their money in order to make a profitThere is little government interferenceInefficient producers are eliminated by going out of businessExamples: United States
16Socialist Government owns some basic industries Private ownership of smaller business is allowedGovernment provides low-cost or free public services( education, healthcare)Example: Sweden, Venezuela, Egypt
18Communist Government sets economic goals to be met Workers labor together and are supposed to share equally in the fruits of their laborPrivate property ownership is abolishedExample: Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam
28Tertiary ActivityThe portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities, sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people, in exchange for payment.Example: Teachers, Doctors, Cashiers
32Measuring Economic Development Per capita income- average amount of money earned by each person within a country.Gross national product (GNP)- total value of all goods and services produced by a country over a year.
33Urban GeographyUrbanization- dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes of lifestyle that follows
34MigrationMoving from place to place, and when it refers to a seasonal movement repeated yearly.