Presentation on theme: "Miss Tomkowski Miss Barry INDIA’S EARLY CIVILIZATIONS."— Presentation transcript:
Miss Tomkowski Miss Barry INDIA’S EARLY CIVILIZATIONS
What 3 types of climates does India have? What continent is India in? What is the major mountain range located in India? REVIEW
Review: what is a monsoon? In India, when the monsoon rains would start, the farmers would celebrate. If the rain comes on time, and lasts long enough- the crops will be long. If the rains are late, there would be a drought. A LONG, LONG TIME AGO…
Because water was so important to early farmers, the first Indian civilizations began around river valleys. The first civilization in India was near the Indus River. When the river flooded, it left good soil for the farmers. The people were able to grow so much food they became very wealthy when they traded. FLOODS=GOOD?
The town grew so big that it contained more than 1,000 villages and towns! The two major cities were: Harappa Mohenjo-Daro There were about 35,000 people in each city. A large wall surrounded the houses and buildings. BIGGER AND BETTER
The houses were pretty advanced for their time. Water was contained by wells Inside bathrooms Waste water flowed to drains under the streets and through pipes Garbage disposals CLEAN UP THAT MESS!
Not much more is known about these civilizations because historians cannot translate their writing system! Stamps and seals Some ruins exist, so we know more about their buildings. A DEAD END
Most Harappans were farmers. Rice, wheat, barley, peas, cotton Artisans made: Tools, pottery, cloth, jewelry, toys JOBS
Harappans began trading with the people of Mesopotamia around 2300 B.C… SPREADING CULTURE AND IDEAS