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Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project a joint scientific endeavor of the College of Archaeology, Trinity Southwest University and the Department of Antiquities,

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Presentation on theme: "Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project a joint scientific endeavor of the College of Archaeology, Trinity Southwest University and the Department of Antiquities,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project a joint scientific endeavor of the College of Archaeology, Trinity Southwest University and the Department of Antiquities, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan PPT: Area U, Field A, Square 28P 1, W Balk-Section: A Thumbnail History of Tall el-Hammam Dr. Steven Collins Dean, College of Archaeology, Trinity Southwest University Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA Copyright 2010 Trinity Southwest University Copyright 2010 Trinity Southwest University © Copyright 2010 by Trinity Southwest University Press, 5600 Eubank NE, Suite 130, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87111, USA; (505) 332-4253. All rights reserved. Created in the United States of America by Trinity Southwest University Press, a division of CEM, Inc. No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, digital, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from Trinity Southwest University.

2 By clicking through the following PPT animations, youll observe stratigraphy revealing 2,500 years of continuous occupation at Tall el-Hammam.

3 Chalcolithic house wall (ca. 4000 BCE) Early Bronze 1 house wall (ca. 3300 BCE) EB2 fill (ca. 3000 BCE) SOIL-MIXED-MATRIX more EB2 fill MIXED MATRIX more EB2 fill SAND-ASH more EB2 fill MIXED MATRIX more EB2 fill SANDY LOAM EB2 city wall (ca. 3000 BCE) EB2 street EB3 city wall refurbishing (ca. 2700 BCE) used through IB & MB1 EB3 street IB/MB street (down to 1800 BCE) MB2 fill (ca. 1800 BCE) MUDBRICK more MB2 fill SAND-ASH-PEBBLES more MB2 fill MUDBRICK more MB2 fill HUWAR MATRIX MB2 fill DIRT more MB2 fill SAND-ASH-PEBBLES more MB2 fill ASHY SOIL more MB2 fill SANDY LOAM-ASH more MB2 fill SOIL-MIXED RUBBLE more MB2 fill Middle Bronze 2 city wall glacis/rampart (ca. 1800 BCE) (eroded away here, but present in the excavation squares to the immediate S) Close examination of this balk-section reveals that no water-borne or wind-blown sediments contribute to the visible stratigraphy. All of the various materials present in this view were purposefully placed by the city builders for construction purposes. Thus, from the Chalcolithic Period through the Middle Bronze Age, Tall el- Hammam enjoyed uninterrupted occupation. That is, of course, until it suffered catastrophic destruction toward the end of the MBA.


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