Presentation on theme: "Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Education GSRP TeachersSeptember
2 Why Promote Parent Involvement? Parent’s RightsProfessional ResponsibilityImproved Outcomes for StudentsImproved SchoolsImproved Staff MoraleImproved Community Reputation & SupportBesides Improved Outcomes for Students, professionals should promote Parent involvement because:Parent’s Rights -FERPA & ESEAProfessional Responsibility: We know that families are the primary context of children’s developmentImproved SchoolsImproved Staff MoraleImproved Community Reputation & SupportImproved morale goes along with higher ratings of teachers by parents, higher satisfaction by parents = more support from families and better reputations in the community as well as increased community support for schoolsSpecial needs issues:More clearly defined rights of parentsMore vulnerable populationMeans increased need for parent involvement
3 “Over 30 years’ research has proven beyond dispute the positive connection between parent involvement and student success. Effectively engaging parents and families in the education of their children has the potential to be far more transformational than any other type of educational reform.” National PTA, 1997 ReportParents exercise their right to be involved in the decisions related to their children.Parents are involved in decisions related to their school and community.
4 Research Shows Parent Involvement Makes A Difference Helps Children get ready to enter schoolPromotes School SuccessPrepares Youth for CollegePromotes Success in Adult LifeGood early experiences can set in motion a chain of events that pervades the child's life through high school and beyond, increasing the quality of his/her life experiences along the way.
5 Encourage Parents At Home Visits To: Look for everyday learning opportunities at homeTalk, using complex words and sentencesRead to their young children every dayHave books in the home, and provide an example – read for pleasureTeach them to identify letters and numbersConnect printed words and letters to sounds
6 More Parents Can Do At Home Name, count, sort household objectsExplore the world of nature with their childProvide consistent routines and disciplineMonitor and limit “screen time”Name feelings and talk about how you handle themAsk parents at this point for other ideas they have to help their children be ready for school.
7 What Can We Expect of Parents at School? Volunteer in the classroomVolunteer any policy making committeesAttend parent-teacher conferencesCommunicate regularly with staffReinforce lessons and rules from schoolVoice their concerns and express their thanksBrainstorming Activity
8 How Else Do We Encourage Parents? Inform of parent education programs offered in the community or in-homeInform of parent-child activity groups offered by your school, library, etc.Assist to access other community resources if the family needs help
9 What About Dads? Two involved parents are better than one! Research shows positive outcomes for school success and social adaptation when dads are involvedOther males can take on these roles
10 Different Parenting Styles Moms and Dads tend to have different parenting stylesFather is more likely to be playful, to encourage risk taking and not as quick to intervene in the face of child’s frustration.Mother is more likely to provide physical care, more likely to stress emotional security and personal safety, quicker to intervene in child’s frustration.
11 Positive Outcomes When Dads Are Involved Better grades at schoolMore likely to enjoy schoolMore likely to participate in extracurricular activitiesLess likely to repeat a gradeLess likely to be truant or to be expelledThese positive outcomes continue: less delinquency, delayed sexual activity, increased empathy and pro-social behavior
12 What Should Professionals Know About Parent Involvement? Positive outcomes not related to economic, ethnic or cultural background of family.Every family has strengths and valuable information about their children.When families feel comfortable in the school setting they are more likely to get involved.More than one time events are needed.Parents must be given substantive tasks.Barriers to parent involvement must be removed.P.I. Related to 0ther positive outcomes such as decreased violence and substance abuse.Substantive tasks such as school restructuring and higher learning standards.Barriers such as release time from work, scheduling, transportation, and child care make it difficult for parents to volunteer or attend meetings at school
13 What Keeps Parents From Being Involved? TimeCulture / PersonalityParents own history at schoolUncertaintySome schools may not welcome parentsMay be other issues for dads:Staff may seem to prefer or expect to work with momMore school staff are womenMore boys have difficulties at schoolUse this slide for further discussion of why parents might choose not to be involved. Also ask parents how school staff might work to reduce or eliminate some of these barriers. This discussion might be a chance to ease some parental concerns and might also help staff to understand how some parents might think and what to do about it.Overcoming barriers:Family staff interaction is keyPositive and proactive communicationProvide teachers with dedicated time or incentives such as stipends or comp timeFree teachers from mundane tasks to refocus on family involvementNote that fathers ranked institutional practices and barriers imposed by the workplace as the most significant reasons for low levels of involvement. Paternity leave and flex time can enhance fathers’ involvement
14 Ways to Promote Parent Involvement & Partnerships The school environment is family friendlyCommunication is family friendlyFamily involvement in school decision makingParents as volunteers
15 National PTA Standards for Parent Involvement CommunicationParentingStudent learningVolunteeringSchool decision making & advocacyCollaborating with the community
16 SummaryThe research shows that family involvement in early childhood education makes a difference in school success and throughout lifeHelp parents identify everyday learning experiences in the home.Provide information on home visiting programs, parent education and parent support programs, parent-child activity groups, etc.Expect parents to be involved in their child’s preschool programMale involvement is important in a child’s developmentCreate expectation of parent’s involvement in child’s education from Pre-K - 12
17 References“Early Childhood Standards of Quality for Prekindergarten” Michigan State Board of Education. March 8, 2005“Family Involvement in Early Childhood Education” Harvard Family Research Project. Spring, 2006“Father Presence / Father Involvement” Minnesota Institute of Public Health.“Father Facts” National Fatherhood Initiative“Parent Guides” #18 & #19, Michigan Department of Education.Prepared by:Mike Acosta, School Social WorkerWexford Missaukee I.S.D.