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Done by: Ayesha www.el9a7rah.com/learn. O UTLINES What are modal verbs? When do we use modals? Special verbs and normal verbs. Examples. Review Exercise.

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Presentation on theme: "Done by: Ayesha www.el9a7rah.com/learn. O UTLINES What are modal verbs? When do we use modals? Special verbs and normal verbs. Examples. Review Exercise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Done by: Ayesha

2 O UTLINES What are modal verbs? When do we use modals? Special verbs and normal verbs. Examples. Review Exercise.

3 W HAT ARE MODAL VERBS ? CanCould MayMight ShallShould WillWould MustHave to Ought toNeednt In English language, a Modal auxiliary verb s are helping verbs. They can modify the grammatical mode of a verb.

4 W HEN DO WE USE MODALS ? W HEN DO WE USE MODALS ? To talk about:

5 M ODAL VERBS ARE SPECIAL VERBS WHICH BEHAVE DIFFERENTLY FROM NORMAL VERBS. 1. Modal verbs do not take -ed, -ing or "-s, in the third person. Examples: He can speak Chinese. NOT He cans speak Chinese She should be here by 9: You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in Simple Present and Simple Past. Examples: He should not write horrible things about others. They might not do well in the test.

6 3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses. Examples: He will can go by the car. Not Correct She musted study very hard. Not Correct 4. Modal verbs come before the subject in questions: example: "May I come to your house to visit your mother? 5. Negative forms: Modal verbs have n't or not after them in the negative. example: "mustn't" - "needn't". there is no does/doesnt M ODAL VERBS ARE SPECIAL VERBS WHICH BEHAVE DIFFERENTLY FROM NORMAL VERBS.

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9 R EMEMBER : Modal Verbs do not normally have past forms. Could is used sometimes when talking about the past. e.g - He could play football in his youth. (Ability) They do not have infinitives or – ing forms or –s at the end. They are followed by an infinitive without to e.g – She might record it NOT She might to record it. They can be used with perfect infinitives to talk about the past. e.g - We should have gone the other way Always use Modal + base for of the verb

10 E XERCISES Find the write sentence: It couldnt start at 1:00pm. Find expressions: Obligation Suggestion Possibility I have got to be at college by 8:00am. Shall I help you. Your wallet might be in the student services lost and found section. She mights record it. Is she going to be in the show next week? I couldnt to believe what he said.Not correct Correct Not correct

11 Exercise

12 B IBLIOGRAPHY Fuchs, Marjorie, and Margaret Bonner. Focus on Grammar an Integrated Skills Approach. New York: Pearson Education, Inc, Hurst, Lilliam. "Modal Verbs." English Exercises Online. 29 Oct Oct Larsen-Freeman, Diane. Grammer Dimensions. Boston: Heinle & Heinle, "Modal Verbs." Learn English. Aug Oct "Modal Verb Tutorial." Englishpage.com - Free Online English Lessons & ESL / EFL Resources. Language Dynamics. 3 Oct Nelson. Grammar in Context. London: Hugh Gethin,


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