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Done by: Ayesha
O UTLINES What are modal verbs? When do we use modals? Special verbs and normal verbs. Examples. Review Exercise.
W HAT ARE MODAL VERBS ? CanCould MayMight ShallShould WillWould MustHave to Ought toNeednt In English language, a Modal auxiliary verb s are helping verbs. They can modify the grammatical mode of a verb.
W HEN DO WE USE MODALS ? W HEN DO WE USE MODALS ? To talk about:
M ODAL VERBS ARE SPECIAL VERBS WHICH BEHAVE DIFFERENTLY FROM NORMAL VERBS. 1. Modal verbs do not take -ed, -ing or "-s, in the third person. Examples: He can speak Chinese. NOT He cans speak Chinese She should be here by 9: You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in Simple Present and Simple Past. Examples: He should not write horrible things about others. They might not do well in the test.
3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses. Examples: He will can go by the car. Not Correct She musted study very hard. Not Correct 4. Modal verbs come before the subject in questions: example: "May I come to your house to visit your mother? 5. Negative forms: Modal verbs have n't or not after them in the negative. example: "mustn't" - "needn't". there is no does/doesnt M ODAL VERBS ARE SPECIAL VERBS WHICH BEHAVE DIFFERENTLY FROM NORMAL VERBS.
R EMEMBER : Modal Verbs do not normally have past forms. Could is used sometimes when talking about the past. e.g - He could play football in his youth. (Ability) They do not have infinitives or – ing forms or –s at the end. They are followed by an infinitive without to e.g – She might record it NOT She might to record it. They can be used with perfect infinitives to talk about the past. e.g - We should have gone the other way Always use Modal + base for of the verb
E XERCISES Find the write sentence: It couldnt start at 1:00pm. Find expressions: Obligation Suggestion Possibility I have got to be at college by 8:00am. Shall I help you. Your wallet might be in the student services lost and found section. She mights record it. Is she going to be in the show next week? I couldnt to believe what he said.Not correct Correct Not correct
B IBLIOGRAPHY Fuchs, Marjorie, and Margaret Bonner. Focus on Grammar an Integrated Skills Approach. New York: Pearson Education, Inc, Hurst, Lilliam. "Modal Verbs." English Exercises Online. 29 Oct Oct Larsen-Freeman, Diane. Grammer Dimensions. Boston: Heinle & Heinle, "Modal Verbs." Learn English. Aug Oct "Modal Verb Tutorial." Englishpage.com - Free Online English Lessons & ESL / EFL Resources. Language Dynamics. 3 Oct Nelson. Grammar in Context. London: Hugh Gethin,