2Outlines What are modal verbs? When do we use modals? Special verbs and normal verbs.Examples.ReviewExercise.
3What are modal verbs?In English language, a Modal “auxiliary” verb s are helping verbs. They can modify the grammatical mode of a verb.Can Could May Might Shall Should Will Would Must Have to Ought to Needn’tThey express asocial function such as giving advice and logical possibilities such as making assumption.Example for an auxiliary verb in negative clauses:(I Can see) – ( I Can’t see)In certain tenses like present perfect (I have seen) – (I haven’t seen)
4When do we use modals? To talk about: www.el9a7rah.com/learn Ability/inabilityCan/can’tBe able toShe can/can’t act.She is/not able to actNecessary / not NecessaryMust/ needn’tHave (got ) toYou must study.You need not swim.They don’t have to go.He has got to go.Possible/ impossibleMay/Could/MightIt may start at 8:00amAdviceShould/ought toYou should watch this TV showAssumptionsMay/Might/Could/Must/can’tHave (got) toThey might not be good writers.He has got to be a star.Other like:Offers - Advices – Future possibility – Asking for permission – Request – Suggestion – prediction – Saying what’s right or wrong
5Modal verbs are special verbs which behave differently from normal verbs. 1. Modal verbs do not take “-ed”, “-ing” or "-s“, in the third person. Examples: He can speak Chinese. NOT He cans speak Chinese She should be here by 9: You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in Simple Present and Simple Past. He should not write horrible things about others. They might not do well in the test.
6Modal verbs are special verbs which behave differently from normal verbs. 3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses.Examples:He will can go by the car. Not CorrectShe musted study very hard. Not Correct4. Modal verbs come before the subject in questions:example: "May I come to your house to visit your mother?”5. Negative forms:Modal verbs have n't or not after them in the negative. example: "mustn't" - "needn't". there is no does/doesn’t
7Inability / Impossibility Could Could you repeat it again please? ModalExampleUsesCanWe can’t do it.Inability / ImpossibilityCouldCould you repeat it again please?RequestMayMay I have another cup of tea?Asking for permissionMightThey might give us a 25% discount.Future possibilityMustWe must say good-bye now.Necessity / Obligation
8I'll do that for you if you need any help. Offer Would ModalExampleUsesWillI'll do that for you if you need any help.OfferWouldWould you like to play football this Saturday?InvitationShallShall we say 2.30 then?SuggestionShouldProfits should increase next year.Uncertain predictionOught toWe ought to employ a professional marketing manager.Saying what’s right or correct
9Remember:Modal Verbs do not normally have past forms. Could is used sometimes when talking about the past.e.g - He could play football in his youth. (Ability)They do not have infinitives or – ing forms or –s at the end.They are followed by an infinitive without toe.g – “She might record it” NOT “She might to record it”.They can be used with perfect infinitives to talk about the past.e.g - We should have gone the other wayAlways use Modal + base for of the verb
10Exercises Find expressions: I have got to be at college by 8:00am. ObligationShall I help you.SuggestionYour wallet might be in the student services lost and found section.PossibilityFind the write sentence: It couldn’t start at 1:00pm.CorrectShe mights record it.Not correctI couldn’t to believe what he said.Not correctIs she going to be in the show next week?Correct