Presentation on theme: "Perspectives of ACP countries involvement in standard-setting"— Presentation transcript:
1 Perspectives of ACP countries involvement in standard-setting Dr. Medhat El-HelepiAU/IBAREconomist and PAN-SPSO Project CoordinatorBrussels Development Briefing on Food safety and health standards- CTAMay 11, 2009, Belgiumls
2 Presentation Structure AU/IBARProject data sheetRationalObjectivesOperationActivities directly aimed at improving participation effectiveness
3 AU/IBARAU/IBAR stands for African Union-Interafrican Bureau for Animal ResourcesEstablished in 1951 to study the epidemogical situation and fight rinderpest in Africa.Became one of the regional technical offices of the AU in 1965As other six regional technical offices, AU/IBAR reports directly to the Director of the Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA) of the AUCIt has the mandated to support and coordinate the improvement of animals as a resource for human wellbeing in the member states of the African Union and to contribute to economic development, particularly in rural areas.
4 AU/IBARAU/IBAR approaches livestock development from three strategic angles: animal health, animal production, and trade of animal products.AU/IBAR managed to eradicate/controlling several animal diseases in AfricaIt does so though a number of projects and programsIt runs 9 ongoing projects with a total fund of around $60mIt has 4 projects in the pipeline for another $60m
5 PAN-SPSOTitle:Participation of African Nations in Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standard-Setting Organizations (PAN-SPSO)Total Fund: EURO 3,855,000EC Contribution: EURO 3,350,000 from intra-ACP funds of the 9th EDFIBAR & IAPSC (co-implementers) Contribution: EURO 505,000Implementation Partners: COMESA, EAC, ECCAS, ECOWAS, CEN-SAD, IGAD, SADCImplementation Period:Three years started 5/2008
6 RationalExporting countries need to prove that the standards they are applying are science-based, equivalent, and does not constitute a barrier to trade.African countries have had it difficult proving that the products they export meet international standards and are equivalent to those of their developed-country trading partners.Most programmes that address SPS related problems have focused on technical issues of compliance
7 Less work has been done on promoting participation in setting SPS standards meetings where effective participation of African countries in the formulation of international SPS standards remains a fundamental problem
8 PAN-SPSOObjectives:Overall Objective: to contribute the reduction of poverty, and enhanced food security in Africa through greater access for agricultural products from African countries to international markets.Specific Objective: facilitate effective participation of African countries in the activities of the OIE, IPPC and CAC during the formulation of international standards on food safety, animal and plant health.
9 PAN-SPSO Beneficiary Countries: ACP member states of the African Union that are:Members of the WTOParticipating in the activities of the OIE, IPPC and CACMembers at any of the eight recognized Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
10 PAN-SPSO Stakeholders: African Union Directorate Of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DERA)AU/IBAR and AU-IAPSCAfrican NationsAfrican Regional Economic CommunitiesSTDFPrivate sectorInstitutions involved in setting International standards (OIE, CAC, IPPC), and WTO
11 PAN-SPSO Final beneficiaries: African agricultural (including livestock and fisheries) producers, market operators and agro-processors
12 PAN-SPSO Expected Results: Result 1: African countries strengthened to empower SPS offices for effective participation in SPS standard setting activitiesResult 2: Common position of African nations in SPS standards at continental and REC levels strengthened
13 PAN-SPSOResult 3: Technical capacity of African countries to draft standards and to develop arguments strengthenedResult 4: Relevant SPS-related data and information are acquired and disseminated to African countries through established accessible information sharing platform
14 Reasons Behind Lack of Effective Participation in “Producing” Standards Access to experts who are qualified to take active part in scientific discussions at the national level is difficult.The high turnover among the African staff attending the OIE, IPPC and CAC technical committee meetings and the lack of follow-up mechanism on decisions reached during these meetings.
15 There is the problem of inadequate technical capacity and available resources to engage in the development of new standards and in assessing the scientific justifications for particular SPS measures.The lack of harmonization and net-working makes it difficult to come up with common policy options.Low political supportOverloaded duties
16 Weaknesses / Needs (from ISSOs point of view) Low budget / political supportImproper institutional settings (representation, preparation)Lack of coordination and common positionLack of tech. capacities and qualified personnelLow Understanding of ISSOs processesls
17 Consequences of Low Participation On ISSOsLack of equityLack of relevanceLack of credibility of ISSOs and standardsOn African countriesAfrican specificities not taken into accountStandards difficult to meetLow ownership and understanding of standardsInadequate implementation of standardsls
18 Activities aimed directly at strengthening the participation of African Nations Facilitate identifying SPS issues of continental/ regional/national interest and provide analysis of related SPS standards to facilitate the formulation of common position and regional strategies for attendance at ISSOs.Organize at least one annual consultation meeting for Directors of Food Safety, Veterinary Services and Plant Protection to share ideas and information prior to the OIE, IPPC and Codex standard-setting meetings.Identify experts in particular SPS fields to provide training and technical expertise on commenting on draft standards to national representatives and on developing standards.Organize at least one annual consultation meeting for Directors of Food Safety, Veterinary Services and Plant Protection to share ideas and information prior to the OIE, IPPC and Codex standard-setting meetings
19 Activities aimed directly at strengthening the participation of African Nations (Cont.) Facilitate identifying SPS issues of continental/ regional/national interest and provide analysis of related SPS standards to facilitate the formulation of common position and regional strategies for attendance at ISSOs.RECs organize training workshops on the use of science-based methods and development of drafts, discussion papers, scientific arguments (comments and revisions) in standard-setting.
20 Activities aimed directly at strengthening the participation of African Nations (Cont.) Support national training by selected representativesFacilitate development, drafting standards, commenting on draft standards and reviewing existing standards in areas of interest to African countries
21 Activities aimed directly at strengthening the participation of African Nations (Cont.) Set up an integrated database for SPS related data by upgrading the current ARIS database in IBARProduce SPS updates on a bi-annual basis containing information on relevant SPS issues regarding animal and plant production and food safety. These updates will provide simplification of relevant articles of OIE, CAC and IPPC Codes and avail these to countries for use by their participantsCompile research results and scientific information related to most relevant standards and produce briefings on each of them
22 PAN-SPSO: Implementation modalities (1) IBAR and IAPSC are co-implementers providing the technical guidelines for the implementation of the project.The day-to-day management of the project will be undertaken by the Project Coordination unit (PCU). The PCU consist of the project Coordinator, Food Safety Expert, relevant technical staff from IBAR and IAPSC, Administrative Assistant.
23 PAN-SPSO: Implementation modalities (2) 7 RECs (COMESA, EAC, ECCAS, ECOWAS, CEN-SAD, IGAD, SADC) are partners, implementing a number of activities at the REC level.RECs will assign designated focal point who will be responsible for formulating a detailed annual work plan to be submitted to the PCU, and will be in charge of the implementation of the activities approved.RECs will be working closely with member states to ensure achieving the expected results.
24 Project Organizational Structure Project Coordination Unit African Union(DREA)ProjectSteeringCommitteeAU/IBARProject Coordination UnitProject Support UnitSTDFPhyto-Sanitary UnitIAPSC, YaoundéZoo-Sanitary UnitIBAR, NairobiInfo flow7 RECsMember States
25 Defining GuidelinesThe project is working closely with ISSOs, as well other organizations such as STDF, FAO and USAID, to build synergies, avoid duplication of efforts aimed at improving the participation of African countries in the activities of ISSOs organizations and to make advantage of regional meetings and already existing databases, ToRs and manual training.The project highly support RECs to coordinate the actions of African countries during the activities of ISSOs, giving more focus on building the capacity of RECs. RECs-based activities should take into consideration the variation in SPS level among RECs and the RECs ongoing programs.PAN-SPSO focuses its activities into the following themes:a- Building capacity of RECs secretariats and countriesb- Encourage having common position among African countries in ISSOs activitiesc- Encourage establishing national SPS committeesd- Strengthening SPS data and information share among African countries
26 PAN-SPSO Foreseen Activities Panafrican CVOs meeting on Africa’s coordinated position on animal health standardsDraft ISPM workshopTraining of experts and RECs staffTraining of national delegates to ISSOs at regional levelTraining of national staff at country levelPromoting SPS national committeesSupport RECs to apply for observer status with ISSOs and WTOSupport the participation of RECs in the attendance of WTO-SPS and ISSOs meetingExtend the ARIS 11 to include data on plant health and information on food safety
27 Role of AU/IBAR: Mechanism for coordination of Africa’s position on animal health standards Secretariat at IBAR (PAN-SPSO then IBAR)2 CVOs annual meeting: April, November, institutionalized, PAN-SPSO support for 2 yearsExpert consultative group
28 Secretariat requests contribution by African experts (to be identified) for groups of issues on proposed amendments (September and March meetings)Proposals of comments/positions are circulated to CVOs for endorsement before meetingsCommon position(s) circulated and submitted by countries
29 CVOs meetings: finalize common position on: Decisions for adoption at general session (May)Comments on standards proposed for new cycle (August, December)Identification of new issues to be proposed for committees or ad-hoc groupsNomination of experts to represent Africa in different technical committees
30 PAN-SPSO Dr. Medhat El-Helepi Economist & PAN-SPSO Coordinator & African Union Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU/IBAR) Kenindia Business Park Building, Museum Hill, Westlands Road P. O. Box Nairobi, Kenya Tel: (Direct) 000 (Switchboard) Cel: Fax: Privatels