Presentation on theme: "Othello by William Shakespeare"— Presentation transcript:
1 Othello by William Shakespeare Intro to what term I was assignedHow Militarism Affected the Characters and the Plot of the StoryBy Peter Canteros
2 What is Militarism?Militarism is the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interestsMilitarism is also in association with fascismReference: Wikipedia
3 Why is Militarism in Othello? Shakespeare, living from 1564 until 1616, saw his share of national conflict around the worldThe setting of Othello is during times of colonialism and conquest – specifically the TurksBetween 1572 and 1668, around twenty-eight bloody uprisings took place in CyprusShakespeare's tragedies traditionally have militaristic backgrounds such as Romeo and JulietThe Ottoman Empire existed when Shakespeare was alive. It wasn’t until World War I when its reign ended.The uprisings in Cyprus occurred when the Turks tried taxing the people.In Romeo and Juliet, you had the Montagues and Capulets. They were rival families.
4 The Beginning of Militarism in Othello The story’s protagonist is Othello but Iago creates the reason for Othello’s actionsOthello holds a significant title in the armyIago is aiming to rise in power from a mere ensign to lieutenantIago said “In personal suit to make me his lieutenant, off-capped to him; and, by the faith of a man, I know my price, I am worth no worse a place.” (7)
5 The Growth of Militarism Throughout the Play Iago’s quest for lieutenancyIago is unsatisfied with Othello’s actionsEuropean ships are headed towards Cyprus to engage in battleThe approaching war brings all the characters to the island of Cyprus including General Othello and Lieutenant CassioIago wants to get lieutenancy from Othello but Othello has given it to Cassio. Filled with hatred, he seeks revenge against Othello’s “poor” decision. First he tries to present how unworthy Cassio is of the lieutenancy. Then he tries using Desdemona against Othello.Iago had a lot of experience in the military (he was at Rhodes, Cyprus, and on other grounds – Pg.9)“Something from Cyprus, as I may divine. It is a business of some heat” (23)The invading Turks die at sea due to a storm
7 Militarism Cont’dWith all the characters on the island of Cyprus, Iago stirs up trouble and causes Othello to make some rash decisionsOthello does not give Iago the lieutenancy until both vow to kill Desdemona and CassioAfter receiving lieutenancy from Othello, Iago furthers his revenge against OthelloEvery character suffers from Iago’s plansOthello takes away Cassio’s lieutenancy and sends him awayHe hits Desdemona and calls her a whore in the presence of other officialsFinally believing that Desdemona is unfaithful, Othello vows to kill Desdemona. Meanwhile, Iago vows to kill Cassio for “loving Desdemona”.When Othello kills Desdemona, he is told by Emilia about the hankerchief story. Othello tries killing Iago but it is no use.Othello kills Desdemona and himself. Iago kills Roderigo and Emilia. Iago is then sent to be tortured and killed.