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Noninfectious Diseases. Vocabulary Signs – something another person can see or measure… such as a fever Symptoms – a feeling of pain or discomfort you.

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Presentation on theme: "Noninfectious Diseases. Vocabulary Signs – something another person can see or measure… such as a fever Symptoms – a feeling of pain or discomfort you."— Presentation transcript:

1 Noninfectious Diseases

2 Vocabulary Signs – something another person can see or measure… such as a fever Symptoms – a feeling of pain or discomfort you have when you are sick… such as a sore throat or headache. It is possible to have a disease and not have symptoms. Risk factors – a characteristic or behavior that raises a person’s chance of getting a noninfectious disease… such as age, gender, race, diet Treatment vs. cure – treatment controls symptoms or slow or stop the progress of a disease. Sometimes surgery can remove a defect or correct a problem and “cure” a disease, such as heart defects or certain types of cancer, but the patient often needs to make lifestyle changes and watch for the disease to return.

3 1. A genetic disease is caused entirely or partly by genetic information passed on to a child from one or both parents (example = Down’s syndrome) 2. A congenital disease is present at birth, but is not a genetic disease (example = Cerebral Palsy or Spina Bifida)

4 3. Lifestyle choices can cause or trigger some noninfectious diseases, especially… Smoking, which causes lung cancer and other breathing problems like emphysema Unhealthy eating habits, which cause obesity and heart disease Stress and lack of exercise, which trigger high blood pressure, heart attacks, stroke

5 4. You can often prevent noninfectious diseases by eating a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding tobacco, alcohol and other drugs and dealing with stress. 5. Some noninfectious diseases need a lifetime of treatment. – Type 2 Diabetes – healthy diet and exercise – Type 1 Diabetes – daily medication (insulin) – Asthma – medication, avoiding allergens – Arthritis – medication, massages, hydrotherapy – High blood pressure – medication, healthy diet, avoiding stressful situations

6 5. Some noninfectious diseases can be cured by surgery or radiation and chemotherapy.

7 What is the difference between prevention, treatment and cures? If you met someone who was in a wheelchair because of a disease, how would you treat them?


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