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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 20 SOCIETY AFTER WORLD WAR II Section 1: The Challenges of Peace Section.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 20 SOCIETY AFTER WORLD WAR II Section 1: The Challenges of Peace Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 20 SOCIETY AFTER WORLD WAR II Section 1: The Challenges of Peace Section 2: The Affluent Society Section 3: Voices of Dissent

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: How did the U.S. economy and American workers fare after World War II? How did the U.S. economy and American workers fare after World War II? What were the most important issues of the 1948 election? What were the most important issues of the 1948 election? What were the major goals of President Truman’s Fair Deal, and were they accomplished? What were the major goals of President Truman’s Fair Deal, and were they accomplished? Section 1: The Challenges of Peace

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 The American economy and American workers after WWII The economy remained fairly strong, despite fears of depression. The economy remained fairly strong, despite fears of depression. Workers’ problems included antiunion legislation, high inflation, and job loss. Workers’ problems included antiunion legislation, high inflation, and job loss. Section 1: The Challenges of Peace

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Issues in 1948 civil rights civil rights labor unrest labor unrest high inflation high inflation broader social security benefits broader social security benefits federal aid for agriculture, education, and housing federal aid for agriculture, education, and housing Section 1: The Challenges of Peace

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 The Fair Deal sought full employment and a higher minimum wage sought full employment and a higher minimum wage called for a national health insurance program called for a national health insurance program wanted affordable housing wanted affordable housing tried to increase aid to farmers and expand welfare benefits tried to increase aid to farmers and expand welfare benefits had limited success had limited success Section 1: The Challenges of Peace

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Objectives: How did President Eisenhower try to manage the nation’s problems? How did President Eisenhower try to manage the nation’s problems? How did the workforce change in the 1950s? How did the workforce change in the 1950s? What was suburban life like during the 1950s? What was suburban life like during the 1950s? What was early television programming like? What was early television programming like? How did trends in popular culture reflect larger social changes among teenagers in the 1950s? How did trends in popular culture reflect larger social changes among teenagers in the 1950s? Section 2: The Affluent Society

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Eisenhower’s management attempted to be conservative in regard to money and liberal in regard to people attempted to be conservative in regard to money and liberal in regard to people expanded some programs and cut others expanded some programs and cut others Section 2: The Affluent Society

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 Workforce changes in the 1950s Automation increased productivity but reduced manufacturing jobs. Automation increased productivity but reduced manufacturing jobs. Service positions expanded, creating more pink- collar jobs. Service positions expanded, creating more pink- collar jobs. Corruption caused support for unions to decrease. Corruption caused support for unions to decrease. Corporate mergers created new white-collar jobs. Corporate mergers created new white-collar jobs. Section 2: The Affluent Society

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Suburban life during the 1950s many identical communities many identical communities centered around the family centered around the family consumerism consumerism conformity conformity Section 2: The Affluent Society

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 Early television programming corporate-sponsored corporate-sponsored dramas dramas quiz shows quiz shows situation comedies situation comedies sports sports variety shows variety shows Section 2: The Affluent Society

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Popular culture and social changes Satire in magazines and comic books and rebel characters in fiction expressed confusion and anger. Satire in magazines and comic books and rebel characters in fiction expressed confusion and anger. Rock ’n’ roll foreshadowed civil rights challenges. Rock ’n’ roll foreshadowed civil rights challenges. Section 2: The Affluent Society

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 Objectives: How did the Brown decision affect school segregation and expose conflict over segregation? How did the Brown decision affect school segregation and expose conflict over segregation? How was the Montgomery bus boycott a major turning point in the civil rights movement? How was the Montgomery bus boycott a major turning point in the civil rights movement? What challenges did Hispanics, Asian Americans, and American Indians face in the 1950s? What challenges did Hispanics, Asian Americans, and American Indians face in the 1950s? How did writers and scholars criticize 1950s society? How did writers and scholars criticize 1950s society? What problems did poor Americans face in the 1950s? What problems did poor Americans face in the 1950s? Section 3: Voices of Dissent

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 The Brown decision banned racial segregation in public schools banned racial segregation in public schools precipitated violence when integration was attempted in Little Rock, Arkansas precipitated violence when integration was attempted in Little Rock, Arkansas Section 3: Voices of Dissent

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 The Montgomery bus boycott struck a blow against segregation struck a blow against segregation established Martin Luther King, Jr. as a major civil rights leader established Martin Luther King, Jr. as a major civil rights leader helped people believe they could stand up to power helped people believe they could stand up to power Section 3: Voices of Dissent

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 Challenges faced by Hispanics discrimination discrimination segregation, especially in public schools segregation, especially in public schools nativism nativism Section 3: Voices of Dissent

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 Problems of Asian Americans discrimination discrimination beliefs that they did not fit the American “ideal” beliefs that they did not fit the American “ideal” Section 3: Voices of Dissent

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 17 Challenges faced by American Indians relocation and termination policies relocation and termination policies government pressure to assimilate government pressure to assimilate Section 3: Voices of Dissent

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 18 Criticism expressed by writers and scholars conformity conformity racism racism poverty poverty lack of creativity lack of creativity Section 3: Voices of Dissent

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 19 Problems of poor Americans falling farm prices falling farm prices high cost of farm equipment high cost of farm equipment few farm jobs few farm jobs increasingly poor urban populations increasingly poor urban populations discrimination discrimination poor housing poor housing Section 3: Voices of Dissent


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