Presentation on theme: "Joint Operation Planning Process: Joint Forces Staff College National Defense University."— Presentation transcript:
Joint Operation Planning Process: Joint Forces Staff College National Defense University
Lesson Objectives Describe the purpose of Joint Operational Planning Name the steps in the Joint Operational Planning Process Describe inputs and outputs of the Joint Operational Planning Process
JOPP Basics Receive and analyze required tasks. Review and refine threat situation. Develop and compare alternative courses of action. Select the best course of action. Submit and gain concept approval. Prepare a plan based on approved concept. Complete the planning document.
THE JOINT OPERATION PLANNING PROCESS Step 1: Initiation Step 2: Mission Analysis Step 3: Course of Action (COA) Development Step 4: COA Analysis and Wargaming Step 5: COA Comparison Step 6: COA Approval Step 7: Plan or Order Development Strategic Guidance Concept Development Plan Development Common to all joint organizations at any level
Mission Analysis From the Broad, General Assigned Task, the CCdr Conducts Mission Analysis by Identifying--- – Specified Tasks- Actions He Has Been Tasked to Conduct in Other Documents Such As Defense Agreements, Directives From CJCS, Etc. – Implied Tasks- Actions That Are Deduced From Analysis of the Assigned and Specified Tasks. – Essential Tasks- Actions That Are Absolutely Necessary, Indispensable, or Critical to the Success of a Mission.
Types of Forces Assigned Forces Allocated Forces Apportioned Forces Global Force Management
Course of Action (COA) Development JP 5.0 Joint Operation Planning Aug 2011 Step 3
Elements of a Course of Action Who--(what forces) will execute it? What--type of action is contemplated? When--is it to begin? Where--will it take place? How--will it be accomplished?
Course of Action Tests Adequate-does it accomplish mission? Feasible-use only the resources apportioned? Acceptable-worth the possible costs? Distinguishable-meaningfully different? Complete-does it answer who, what, when, where, how?
Course of Action Analysis & Wargaming JP 5.0 Joint Operation Planning Aug 2011 Step 4
1Mission 2.The situation and courses of action 3.Analysis of opposing courses of action 4.Comparison of own courses of action 5.Decision STAFF ESTIMATES J-1 ESTIMATE PERSONNEL J-2 ESTIMATE INTELLIGENCE J-3 ESTIMATE OPERATIONS J-4 ESTIMATE LOGISTICS J-6 ESTIMATE C4 ComponentsSupporting Cmds Staff Estimates
Course of Action Comparison Step 5 JP 5.0 Joint Operation Planning Aug 2011
Criteria Weight Rating Product Rating Product COA 1 COA 2 Attack COGs 1 1 2 2 Flexibility 2 1 2 2 4 Advantages Disadvantages COA 1 COA 2 Bullets or narrative 3 6 Comparing COAs
Course of Action Approval JP 5.0 Joint Operation Planning Aug 2011 Step 6
Plan or Order Development JP 5.0 Joint Operation Planning Aug 2011 Step 7 Flesh and Publish
What options did CENTCOM provide the SECDEF and POTUS for invading Iraq? PBS Frontline: Rumsfeld's War VIDEO
Crisis Action Planning
Crisis Action Planning Process Planning Execution Situational Awareness Planning Order Warning Order Combatant Command CoCom HQ Pres SecDef CJCS Pres SecDef CJCS Major Crisis Crisis Assessment Cdr’s Estimate Alert Order Situation Development COA Development Execution Planning OPORD Plan Development Execute Order Conduct Operation Deployment Order Selected COA
JFSC / JCWS “An incident or situation involving a threat to the United States, its territories, citizens, military forces, and possessions or vital interests that develops rapidly and creates a condition of such diplomatic, economic, political, or military importance that commitment of US military forces and resources is contemplated to achieve national objectives.” - JOPES Vol. I, Sep 2006 What is a crisis?
Step 1: Initiation Step 2: Mission Analysis Step 3: Course of Action (COA) Development Step 4: COA Analysis and Wargaming Step 5: COA Comparison Step 6: COA Approval Step 7: Plan or Order Development Strategic Guidance *Warning order Concept Development Plan Development *Planning / Alert Order *CAP Specific Same Analytical Process for Both CAP and Contingency Planning JIPOE THE JOINT OPERATION PLANNING PROCESS
An Example of Crisis Action Planning
Joint Operation Planning Products Products COMMANDER’S ESTIMATE BASE PLAN CONCEPT PLAN (CONPLAN) OPERATION PLAN (OPLAN) WARNING ORDER PLANNING ORDER ALERT ORDER OPERATION ORDER EXECUTE ORDER FRAGMENTARY ORDER DEPLOYMENT ORDER Planning Detail Level 1: COAs outlined Level 2: CONOPS w/o annexes Level 3: shortened OPLAN Level 4: full detailed plan