Presentation on theme: "MARKETING ENVIRONMENT. THE COMPANYS MARKETING ENVIRONMENT Company Suppliers Distributors & Dealers Customers Competitors Public The Economy Demography."— Presentation transcript:
THE COMPANYS MARKETING ENVIRONMENT Company Suppliers Distributors & Dealers Customers Competitors Public The Economy Demography Political & Legal Technology Cultural Factors Social Factors
THE COMPANYS MARKETING ENVIRONMENT All Companies operate within a marketing environment. This environment consists of all the factors and forces that affect the companys ability to transact effectively with its target market. This environment can be divided into : (A) Micro-environment (B) Macro-environment
(A) MICRO-ENVIRONMENT The microenvironment consists of the forces close to the company that affects its ability to serve its customers. It consists of following components : (i) Companys internal environment (Companys other departments) (ii) Suppliers (iii) Marketing Intermediaries (iv) Customers (v) Competitors (vi) Publics
MICRO-ENVIRONMENT Suppliers Company Competitors Marketing Intermediaries Customers Publics
(i) THE COMPANY Mktg. Top Management Finance R & D Purchasing Manufacturing Accounting (The Companys Internal Environment)
(ii) SUPPLIERS Suppliers are an important link in the companys overall customer value delivery system. They provide the resources needed by the company to provide its goods and services. Supplier developments can easily affect marketing. Marketing managers must watch supply availability and must also monitor the price trends of their key inputs.(Rising supply costs may force price increases that can harm the companys sales volume).
(iii) MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES Marketing intermediaries are firms that aid the company in promoting, selling, and distributing its goods to the final buyers. They include middlemen, physical distribution firms, marketing service agencies and financial intermediaries.
MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES Middlemen- are business firms that help the company in finding customers and/or close sales with them. Middlemen are of two types : Agent Middlemen – find customers and negotiate contracts but do not take title to merchandize, e.g. brokers, representatives. Merchant Middlemen – Buy, take title to the goods, and resell merchandize, e.g. wholesalers, retailers etc.
MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES Physical Distribution Firms - Assist the co. in stocking and moving goods from their original locations to their destinations,e.g. ware housing firms, transportation firms.
MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES Marketing Service Agencies – Assist the company in promoting its products to the right markets, e.g. marketing research firms, advertising agencies, marketing consultancy firms etc.
MARKETING INTERMEDIARIES Financial Intermediaries – Help finance transactions or insure against the risks associated with the buying and selling of goods, e.g. banks, credit companies, insurance companies etc.
(iv) CUSTOMERS / MARKETS. Company Consumer Market Business Market Reseller Market Govt. Market International Market
(v) COMPETITORS To be successful, a company must provide greater customer value and satisfaction than its competitors (Marketing Concept). Marketers must do more than simply adapt to the needs of target customers. They also must gain strategic advantage by positioning their offerings strongly against competitors offerings in the minds of consumers.
COMPETITORS Four basic competitions faced by a company : Company Perfect competition monopolistic Competition Oligo poly monopolyCo mpetition
CHARECTERI STICS PERFECTMONOPOLIST IC OLIOPOLISTI C MONOPOLY Number of competitors MANYFEW TO MANYVERY FEWNO DIRECT COMPETITER Similarity of goods/services offered by competing firms SAMESeemingly different but may be quite similar Similar or different No directly competing products Individual firm's control over price None (set by the market) Some REGULATED BY GOVT ExamplesWATER PACKET AGRI PRODUCT SHAMPOO OIL AIROPLANE AUTOMOBOIL RAILWAY
(vi) PUBLICS Any group that has an actual or potential interest in or impact on an organizations ability to achieve its objectives. Co. Financial Public Media Public Govt. Public Citizen Action Public Local Public General Public Internal Public
PUBLICS Financial Publics (Banks, investment houses and stock holders) Media Publics (Newspapers, magazines, and radio & T.V. stations) Govt. Publics (Rules & regulations related to safety, truth in advertising and other matters) Citizen-action Publics (Consumer organizations, environmental groups, minority groups etc.)
PUBLICS Local Publics (Neighborhood residents and community organizations) General Publics (General publics overall attitude toward co.s products and activities) Internal Publics (Companys workers, managers, volunteers and the board of directors)
(B) MACRO-ENVIRONMENT Company Demographic Forces Economic Forces Natural Forces Technological Forces Political Forces Cultural Forces It is useless to tell a river to stop running; the best thing is to learn how to swim in the direction it is flowing
MACRO-ENVIRONMENT An organizations success depends on the ability of its executives to manage its marketing system in relation to its external environment. These forces (macro-environmental forces) are uncontrollable and pose opportunities and create threats for the company. TODAY YOU HAVE TO RUN FASTER TO STAY IN THE SAME PLACE.
INDIAN MARKETING ENVIRONMENT Few Examples………… How some of the industry leaders lost their competitive advantage because they failed to perceive the environmental changes….? The decade of 1980s saw many of the industry titans losing their competitive advantage to relatively new entrants…….. (Contd..)
Few Examples………… Hindustan Motors and Premier Automobiles lost their pre-eminent position in the Indian market to Maruti Udyogs Maruti 800. Mahindra and Mahindra were shaken up by Maruti Udyogs Gypsy. Titan watches heralded a new era of watches and shook the giant HMT. Hindustan Levers Surf was cornered by Nirma.
Few Examples………… Television giants like NELCO,Crown, Weston, Salora,Bush etc. lost out to absolutely new firms and brands like Onida and Videocon. Videocon launched its washing machine in1998 and suddenly thereafter, one saw an explosion in the market with about half-a-dozen brands.
HOW TO ANALYZE THE CASE STUDY ? (1) Introduction : ( Write a brief introduction of the case study ). (2) Situation Analysis : ( After understanding the case do the situation analysis ). SWOT / SWORT Analysis is one of the Universally practiced way of doing the situation analysis. If enough information is given n the case, then do the SWOT / SWORT Analysis.
HOW TO ANALYZE THE CASE STUDY ? (3) Identify the problems ( Specify major problem area ). (4) Suggest the Solutions ( Alternative solutions ). Recommend the best solution in your view. (5) If at the end of the case,questions are asked, then you can answer them directly just after the Situation Analysis (SWOT). (6) Conclusion (if any)
HOW TO ANALYZE THE CASE STUDY ? SWOT / SWORT ANALYSIS : STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES OPPORTUNITIES THREATS Leveraging Challenging (Problem) Constraints Vulnerable RISKS