Presentation on theme: "Resident Educator Development The RED Program A Residents-as-Teachers Curriculum Developed by Heather A. Thompson, MD."— Presentation transcript:
Resident Educator Development The RED Program A Residents-as-Teachers Curriculum Developed by Heather A. Thompson, MD
The RED Program Team Leadership How to Teach at the Bedside The Microskills Model: Teaching during Oral Presentations How to Teach EBM The Ten Minute Talk Effective Feedback Professionalism Patient Safety and Medical Errors
Professionalism Resident Educator Development (RED) Program
What is Professionalism? Recall a situation or behavior that you observed in which the physician involved seemed very professional; write down why these actions were considered professional. Conversely, recall a situation in which the physicians actions seemed UNprofessional. Why was this so?
Resident examples of unprofessional behavior Poor conference attendance Poor documentation Signing out early with things left undone Coming in late on a consistent basis Ignoring the attendings instruction Not answering pages in a timely fashion Complaining about soft admits, rocks Disrespectful of nursing, social work, ward clerks Disrespectful of other medical specialties Poor communication with other MDs, other care providers, patient, family
From the ACGME Evaluation Tool: Unprofessional vs. Professional Puts self-interest above that of the patient Tendency towards arrogance; doesnt recognize limitations or accept feedback Disrespectful of team members, patients Cuts corners, doesnt strive for excellence Dedication to patient care; goes Above and Beyond Admits mistakes, tries to correct them Good at self- assessment; seeks feedback Has high standards, strives for excellence Courteous towards other team members, patients
Patient Complaints about Physician Behaviors: A Qualitative Study (In Descending Order of Frequency) Perceived Unavailability Disrespect Inadequate information Disagreement about expectations of care Distrust Interdisciplinary miscommunication Academic Medicine Vol 79(2) Feb
Patient quotes: unprofessional behavior My other doctor didnt take the time to explain any of my test results. They just sent me a letter with normal, abnormal on it. I couldnt understand my physician, they used too much medical jargon. My previous doctor dismissed every single symptom I had as being normal or else related to anxiety. My previous doctor acted like they didnt care if I lived or died, they just wanted to get me out of the office.
Professionalism Defined What is professionalism? --Competence --Engagement --Reliability --Dignity --Agency --Dual focus on illness and disease --Concern for quality in health care Archives of Internal Medicine, 163(2) , 27 Jan 2003
Professionalism Defined: ABIM Professionalism encompasses: --Primacy of Patient Welfare --Patient Autonomy --Social Justice --Professional Competence --Honesty with Patients --Patient Confidentiality Annals of Internal Medicine 136(3) Feb
Professionalism Defined: ABIM Professionalism Encompasses: --Maintaining Appropriate Relations with Patients --Improving Quality of Care --Improving Access to Care --Just Distribution of Finite Resources --Commitment to Scientific Knowledge --Managing Conflicts of Interest --Commitment to Professional Responsibilities Annals of Internal Medicine 136(3) Feb
Professionalism Good communication: with patients, with nurses, with the family, with other teams. This is how I would want my mother treated if she were in the hospital. During residency, professionalism also involves respecting educational time and the process of teaching and learning.
View the Video Clip An intern and a resident on call at night are alerted of a new admission
Professionalism: Why do we care? It is an ACGME competency: your level of professionalism is evaluated on each and every rotation Frequently, a cause of real life problems --Residency Program --Issues with the Medical Board --Affects Employment Opportunities --Increased risk of litigation --Affects day to day functioning
Unprofessional behavior, rather than problems with clinical skills, is the most common reason cited by the Medical Board of California for physicians to receive disciplinary action. David Thorton, supervisor, enforcement, Medical Board of California.
U of MNInternal Medicine Experience
How does one TEACH professionalism? Most teaching of professionalism comes from role modeling and mentoring Caught, not taught Practice what you teach Leading by example Daily patient care interactions Therefore, most teaching of professionalism is done by RESIDENTS
Hidden Curriculum The ideas, the goals, the objectives conveyed by our ACTIONS is what is actually being taught. The hidden curriculum is more important than any other curriculum (written materials, lectures). Example: telling your team to attend all educational conferences, then skipping Grand Rounds to finish up paperwork.
Survey: Senior Residents Most Useful Methods for Learning Professionalism #1 = Contact with positive role models (93.5% of respondents) #2 = Interactions with patients and families (50% of respondents) #3 = Contact with negative role models (43.5% of respondents) Academic Med Vol 67(7) July 2001
Professionalism and the Senior Resident You are, as the senior resident, the role model for professionalism on the team. You spend the most time with the intern and the students. You will leave an indelible impression the interns and students you work with. You will witness acts of professionalism (or unprofessionalism) in your students and interns, more often than the attending.
Lapses in Professionalism David Stern MD: all physicians, even the BEST ones, suffer from lapses in professionalism This occurs during increased work stress, sleep deprivation, personal problems, family issues, time constraints, illness, etc We need to RECOGNIZE that this happens and FIND WAYS to minimize the lapses
Work through case examples Break into pairs Discuss the following cases
Case #1 A pharmaceutical representative comes to you to talk about drug X. During the conversation, the representative gives you a pen with the drugs name on the side. Is it ethical to accept this pen or other inexpensive gifts? What about attending a dinner? What about compensation of $1000 for giving a talk?
Teaching Points: Case #1 Guidelines on Accepting Gifts (AMA) Any gifts accepted by physicians individually should primarily entail a benefit to the patient and should not be of substantial value (e.g. textbooks, expensive meals, drug samples). Individual gifts of minimal value are permissible as long as the gifts are related to the physicians work (e.g. pens and notepads).
Guidelines on Accepting Gifts (AMA) Subsides for CME or professional meetings can improve patient care and are permissible. –Subsidies should be accepted by the conference sponsor and used to reduce the conferences registration fee; it should not pay for personal expenses of physicians attending conferences or meetings. –Conference faculty or consultants may accept reasonable honoraria and reimbursement for travel, lodging, and food.
Other Considerations… There is no evidence that physicians knowingly or intentionally compromise their patients care as the result of gifts.There is no evidence that physicians knowingly or intentionally compromise their patients care as the result of gifts. Gift giving, however, influences practice patterns based on considerations that go beyond scientific knowledge and patient needs.Gift giving, however, influences practice patterns based on considerations that go beyond scientific knowledge and patient needs.
Other Considerations… By accepting a gift, an individual assumes certain social duties, such as grateful conduct, grateful use, and reciprocation.By accepting a gift, an individual assumes certain social duties, such as grateful conduct, grateful use, and reciprocation. Even when gifts have no effect on a physicians practices, there may be a public impression of impropriety.Even when gifts have no effect on a physicians practices, there may be a public impression of impropriety. The costs of gifts from industry to physicians are ultimately passed on to the public.The costs of gifts from industry to physicians are ultimately passed on to the public.
Case #2 Husband of a patient contacts patient relations about a resident physician interaction. --Resident failed to contact his wifes primary neurologist about starting a new medication, even though they asked the team to do so.
Case #2 --After discharge, patient thought she was having an adverse reaction to the new medication. --Upon calling back to the ward for further guidance, pt was told to follow up in clinic. After calling into the outpatient clinic, patient was told we did not prescribe you that medication. What is the role of the resident in this situation? What could be done to avoid a similar situation in the future?
Teaching Points--Case #2 --Good communication is key!! --Calling pts primary MD/outpatient doctor is often a crucial step --Provide detailed discharge instructions --Dictate discharge summary in a timely fashion --Provide patient education handouts (Up to Date; MedLine Plus)
Case #3 You are the supervising resident on a busy clinical service. You are approached by the charge nurse about difficulties with your intern: not responding to pages, neglecting to fill out discharge paperwork, failing to come back and tell a patient and family about test results as promised. What would you do in this situation? What tools or resources are available to help you?
Teaching Points--Case #3 --First, Diagnose the situation ? Fatigue/work overload ? Personal Issues --Face to Face Feedback is Needed --Help is Available! Communication Skills: CASE (Communication Assessment and Skill Exercise), EDR (Educational Development and Research) workshops Mental Health/Burnout: RAP (Resident Assistance Program), Physician Well Being Program at U of MN Discuss with chiefs, program directors
In Summary ACGME defines professionalism: Residents must demonstrate a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities, adherence to ethical principles, and a sensitivity to a diverse patient population.
In Summary A customer complaint is a gift. –Old Business Adage Look for opportunities to give and receive feedback on professionalism. As the senior resident, you are a role model for professionalism on your team.