Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Knowledge Construction Chapter 7. Constructive processes in learning and memory.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Knowledge Construction Chapter 7. Constructive processes in learning and memory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Knowledge Construction Chapter 7

2 Constructive processes in learning and memory

3 Individual Constructivism: Storage Influenced by

4 Individual Constructivism: Retrieval Combining partial information with general knowledge, assumptions about the world –leads to reconstruction errors

5 Social Constructivism Meaning is jointly constructed –two or more people at the same time distributed cognition –by groups or cultures over time science, literature, art

6 Organizing knowledge

7 Concepts Mental grouping of similar events, objects, ideas, or people Smallest units of thought Can be concrete (dog) or abstract (noun) Learned through experience (dog) or direct instruction (noun)

8 Schemas & Scripts Schema Script Influenced by culture

9 Theories Integrated sets of concepts & principles to explain particular phenomena Naïve theories constructed by individuals

10 Worldviews

11 Promoting effective knowledge construction

12 General Strategies Provide opportunities for observation, experimentation Present experts perspectives Emphasize conceptual understanding Encourage classroom dialogue Assign authentic activities Scaffold theory construction Create a community of learners

13 When knowledge construction goes awry: Addressing learners misconceptions

14 Misconceptions Beliefs inconsistent with accepted and well-validated explanation –world is flat (k-2) –plants eat soil, fertilizer (Grades 3-5) –division always leads to smaller number (Grades 9-12) Individually, culturally constructed Can inhibit new learning

15 Promoting Conceptual Change Identify misconceptions before instruction begins Look for, build on elements of truth in students existing understandings Convince students that existing beliefs need revision Motivate students to learn correct explanations Preserve students self-esteem; do not ridicule them for misunderstandings Monitor students for persistent misconceptions

16 Diversity in constructive processes

17 Factors Influencing Constructive Processes Individual student knowledge Student core beliefs –culture, religion To encourage learning: –expose students to diverse perspectives –develop community of learners –accommodate students with special needs

18 The big picture

19 The Big Picture Learners construct knowledge on their own & in collaboration with others. Learners integrate what they learn to make generalizations. Learners constructions are sometimes productive and sometimes counterproductive.

Download ppt "Knowledge Construction Chapter 7. Constructive processes in learning and memory."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google