Presentation on theme: "Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents-Home (ASCA-H)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents-Home (ASCA-H) Contains 202 behavioral descriptions appropriate for home situations. Each behavioral description is presented with reference to 34 specific social, recreational, or daily living situations in which a child’s adjustment to authority, agemates, smaller/weaker children, and various tasks may be observed.
5 Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Syndrome ASCA-H ADH FactorAttention-Deficit Hyperactive Syndrome29 salient items that reflect attention-seeking, impulsivity, and restlessness.Similar to ADH factor of ASCA14% exhibited 0-1 ADH behaviorsBoys and girls not significantly differentAfrican ethnic background higher than East Indian background (but only 2.6% of variance due to ethnicity)Reliability (internal consistency) of .81
7 Conduct Problem Syndrome ASCA-H CP FactorConduct Problem Syndrome21 salient items depict aggressive and confrontative behaviorSimilar to CP factor of ASCAShares 12% variance with ADH factor73% had no CP items endorsedNo significant difference for gender or ethnicReliability (internal consistency) of .76. However, .825 for boys and .580 for girls.
9 ASCA UN Factor Underactivity syndrome 25 items that describe shy, withdrawn, timid, fearful, and apathetic behaviorSimilar to UN factor of ASCA32% had one or fewer UN item endorsedNo major differences among gender or ethnic backgroundShares 6% variance with CP factor and 8% variance with ADH factorReliability (internal consistency) of .71
11 ASCA-H Administration Completed by parent or guardian who is thoroughly familiar with the day-to-day behavior of the childForms for males and femalesCompleted in minute sessionMay be helpful to let parent examine ASCA-H form several days before rating
12 ASCA-H Scoring Use ASCA-H Scoring Template Place transparent Scoring Template over parent report formWhen valid ASCA-H item is marked, fill in corresponding box on ASCA-H Score Summary SheetSum raw scores for all three syndromesConvert raw scores to percentiles
14 ASCA-H Interpretation Guided by overall elevation of student scores on syndromesScores < 85 percentile -- adjustedScores of percentile -- at riskScores ≥ 95 percentile -- maladjustedNature of items endorsed and syndromeIndividual items explored to better understand student’s situationSome items are diagnostic alonePositive endorsements should also be reviewedInterpret cautiously and in the context of other information about the child
15 ASCA-H Limitations Not intended as a symptom checklist Does not list all possible types of maladaptive behaviorCertain rare forms of behavior pathology require no confirmation across contextsNot a measure of depression or anxietyReliability of CP for girls is low.Only deals with problems that can be detected and reported by parents
17 Common Functions of Behavior Contingent social positive reinforcementTeacher (other adults)PeersContingent tangible positive reinforcementSocial negative reinforcementContingent sensory or automatic reinforcement