Presentation on theme: "Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents-Home (ASCA-H) Contains 202 behavioral descriptions appropriate for home situations. Each behavioral description."— Presentation transcript:
Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents-Home (ASCA-H) Contains 202 behavioral descriptions appropriate for home situations. Each behavioral description is presented with reference to 34 specific social, recreational, or daily living situations in which a childs adjustment to authority, agemates, smaller/weaker children, and various tasks may be observed.
Frequently Endorsed ASCA-H Items
Least Frequently Endorsed ASCA-H Items
ASCA-H ADH Factor Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Syndrome 29 salient items that reflect attention-seeking, impulsivity, and restlessness. Similar to ADH factor of ASCA 14% exhibited 0-1 ADH behaviors Boys and girls not significantly different African ethnic background higher than East Indian background (but only 2.6% of variance due to ethnicity) Reliability (internal consistency) of.81
ASCA-H CP Factor Conduct Problem Syndrome 21 salient items depict aggressive and confrontative behavior Similar to CP factor of ASCA Shares 12% variance with ADH factor 73% had no CP items endorsed No significant difference for gender or ethnic Reliability (internal consistency) of.76. However,.825 for boys and.580 for girls.
ASCA UN Factor Underactivity syndrome 25 items that describe shy, withdrawn, timid, fearful, and apathetic behavior Similar to UN factor of ASCA 32% had one or fewer UN item endorsed No major differences among gender or ethnic background Shares 6% variance with CP factor and 8% variance with ADH factor Reliability (internal consistency) of.71
ASCA-H Administration Completed by parent or guardian who is thoroughly familiar with the day-to-day behavior of the child Forms for males and females Completed in minute session May be helpful to let parent examine ASCA-H form several days before rating
ASCA-H Scoring Use ASCA-H Scoring Template Place transparent Scoring Template over parent report form When valid ASCA-H item is marked, fill in corresponding box on ASCA-H Score Summary Sheet Sum raw scores for all three syndromes Convert raw scores to percentiles
ASCA-H Interpretation Guided by overall elevation of student scores on syndromes Scores < 85 percentile -- adjusted Scores of percentile -- at risk Scores 95 percentile -- maladjusted Nature of items endorsed and syndrome Individual items explored to better understand students situation Some items are diagnostic alone Positive endorsements should also be reviewed Interpret cautiously and in the context of other information about the child
ASCA-H Limitations Not intended as a symptom checklist Does not list all possible types of maladaptive behavior Certain rare forms of behavior pathology require no confirmation across contexts Not a measure of depression or anxiety Reliability of CP for girls is low. Only deals with problems that can be detected and reported by parents
Sample ASCA Case Joe Joe - male Age - 7 Grade - Infant 2
Common Functions of Behavior Contingent social positive reinforcement –Teacher (other adults) –Peers Contingent tangible positive reinforcement Social negative reinforcement Contingent sensory or automatic reinforcement