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After-School Programs and its Effects on Academic Achievement Jennie Kwok Ed 702.22 Fall 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "After-School Programs and its Effects on Academic Achievement Jennie Kwok Ed 702.22 Fall 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 After-School Programs and its Effects on Academic Achievement Jennie Kwok Ed Fall 2008

2 Table of Contents Introduction Statement of the Problem Review of Related Literature Statement of Hypothesis

3 Statement of the Problem Due to an increase number of parents entering the work force, there is a great need to place children in after-school programs that enrich their academic and social development. After-school programs can focus on academics or recreational. However, it is not clear which after- school program promotes academic achievement. This study will focus on the following question: Which type of after-school program is beneficial to students academic achievement?

4 Review of Related Literature Participation in after-school programs are associated with higher grades and test scores, esp. in low-income students. (Miller, 2001) Participation in after-school programs gave students greater confidence in their academic abilities and provides an opportunity to develop positive, school- related, adult attachments. (Beck & Halpern, 1992)

5 Review of Related Literature Research concludes the following regarding after-school programs: youth benefit from consistent participation in quality after-school programs, after-school programs can increase engagement in learning, can also increase educational equity (which provides disadvantaged youth opportunities and experiences that are available to middle and upper class students), and after-school programs build key skills (teamwork, problem solving, communication) necessary for success in today's world. (Miller, 2003).

6 Review of Related Literature However, after-school programs can interfere with a childs commitment to their family and community. It can also reduce parental involvement in their childs academic process. (Cosden, M., Morrison, G., Gutierrez, L., & Brown, M., 2004) A study by Vandell & Corasaniti (1988) reported middle class children who attended after-school had poorer grades and test scores and were more likely to be rejected by their classmates. (Vandell &Corasaniti, 1988).

7 Review of Related Literature After-school programs can restrict their opportunity to participate in enrichment activities like scouts, music lessons, organized sports that are available to middle-class children. (Posner & Lowe, 1994). Common challenges facing after-school programs: facilities, staffing, and financing. More research is needed in order to find out whether recreational after-school programs benefit students academic performance.

8 Statement of Hypothesis In comparing academic and recreational after-school programs, 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders attending an academic after-school program will yield better academic results than those attending a recreational after-school program.

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